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(en) Bangladesh Anarcho Syndicalist Federation: Workers Movement of Bangladesh by: akmshihab [machine translation]

Date Fri, 20 Jul 2018 09:40:06 +0300


Workers' movement in Bangladesh has progressed with a bright and sometimes negative character. As there is such a big role in the labor movement in the garment sector, the CBA is considered to be the source of wealth , in banks and public service institutions . ---- Every political party in Bangladesh now has labor wings. In the name of those parties there is a branch of labor organization from central to unit. Labor leaders are now ministers, have been there in the past. The labor organizations of jute mills were once very influential. Their leaders influenced national politics. Now the place has been transport workers' organization. Shipping Minister Shahjahan Khan is also the top leader of the minister and transport workers. Due to his influence, there are allegations that public transport can not be done with road transport.

At one time Adamjee Jatal became a regular incident of clashes and killing among rival labor organizations. But the leaders were not found when the Adamjee jute mill was closed. The governmental banks of Bangladesh have CBAs.

There are allegations that the bank's top administration is helpless to the CBA leaders of those banks. The officials have to remain in the face of pressure and pressure. Even the same condition of the Bangladesh Bank. There are allegations that they do not care for the governor. Even some unpleasant incidents have failed to take any action against the CBA leaders. And why or why not? Recently in a case of Sonali Bank, a minister Kam workers leader took the position of the CBA leaders. He advised the authorities to sit in the bank without any permission and settle the issue.

WASA, DESA , Power Division , Titas Gas , Biman , CBA or Employee Welfare Association in each sector. There are allegations , CBA leaders did not really matter for the welfare of workers are busy , more busy packing their sugarcane. And everywhere, the government-backed CBO has a strong hold. The opponents have cornered The situation changed even when the government changed.

Organizations and movements of the garment factories of Bangladesh are now the most discussed. Since the collapse of Rana Plaza, there is international pressure to build labor unions. But there are five thousand garment factories, but only 6 hundred factories have labor unions.

In June 2006, garment workers were able to create pressure on the government with the first major movement in their rights. They protested against fixing the monthly salary of only 1, 662 and 50 paise. No labor union did not pay the wages. Then they started a movement demanding a minimum wage of three thousand rupees. After the collapse of the Rana Plaza government, they set a minimum wage of five thousand taka.

Columnist Shah Md. From the writings of Ziauddin, it is known that May Day is observed in the camps of freedom fighters during the great liberation war in 1971 with respect to the rights and demands of the workers. After Independence, May Day gets state recognition After independence in 1972, on the occasion of the great May Day, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman declared May Day as National Day in a speech to the nation.

After independence, the country's labor movement was divided into several divisions. In 1973, workers' displeasure arose in Karnaphuli Complex. Many workers were injured in this labor unrest. There were conflicts between the Sramik League and the Labor Federation in the Tongi Industrial Area at that time. Labor organizations are divided into several groups. In 1973, there was a conflict between the competing trade union. Many workers were killed in Barbarcund industrial area of Chittagong due to the conflict. In 1973, Bangladesh Trade Union Center became a member of the World Trade Union Center. After the formation of BAKSAL in 1975, a labor organization was formally established throughout the country. That was the single national labor organization. It is named after the National Workers League.

The researcher Altaf Parvez said, " Labor organizations play a big role in the war of liberation in 1971. After the workers 'rights movement, the workers' union Oikya Parishad (SCOP) took part in anti-government movement in the 1980s. They give parallel programs to the political party. Because , they thought that if the country does not have a democratic environment then it is not possible to bring the rights of workers ,Labor movement is not possible But after the fall of Ershad government, the political government became the leader of the workers 'movement and workers' leaders. As a result, workers' movement became confused and became a leopard of the political party. Workers work in the interest of the workers with the scope of the workers and their interests. Work for the government's sake. At the same time, the labor organization goes to some leftist leaders. Independent labor organization loses existence. The government and the industrialists , seeing profit industry. The factories are developed in the eighties , yet is clearly anti-labor organizations. And some workers' leader was seen as negative because of Labor's anti-people work. ''

He said, " During Ershad a group of labor leaders worked for Ershad. There was often a clash between workers in Adamjee Jute Mill area. At that time many workers were killed due to conflict of labor leaders. Adamjie Jute Mill is then compared to the Arsenal. " At that time, the leader of the discussion, Kazi Zafar Ahmed, joined Ershad as minister.

Altaf Parvez said, " At one time the labor movement was in Tejgaon , Tongi and Chittagong. But that situation is no longer there. And workers' movement is not very much under the control of the workers. ''

Shah Md. In Ziauddin's post, " After the change of 1975, the practice of party political ideology became larger than the ideological practice of establishing the rights of working people in the working class organizations. The politics of liberation and rehabilitation of multi-party democracy in 1979, Ziaur Rahman began to reflect on his sangathanagulote workers , party ideology , " Workers Welfare Federation , the labor union was formed. In this way, labor organizations are involved in the lease of various political parties. As a result, instead of protecting the interest of the working people, the labor organizations are busy keeping political leaders in the cushion and fighting for the mattress. As a result , the leadership of labor politics and the working class are not in the hands of workers. ''

Shah Md. In Ziauddin's post, " After the change of 1975, the practice of party political ideology became larger than the ideological practice of establishing the rights of working people in the working class organizations. The politics of liberation and rehabilitation of multi-party democracy in 1979, Ziaur Rahman began to reflect on his sangathanagulote workers , party ideology , " Workers Welfare Federation , the labor union was formed. In this way, labor organizations are involved in the lease of various political parties. As a result, instead of protecting the interest of the working people, the labor organizations are busy keeping political leaders in the cushion and fighting for the mattress. As a result , the leadership of labor politics and the working class are not in the hands of workers. ''

President of Garments Workers Unity Forum Mosherefa Mishu told Deutsche Welle, "In the sixty , seventy and eighteenth century, the jute and textile factory-based labor movement and treau union were positive. The owners were not too opposed to it. After the independence of Bangladesh, the debate on the trade union or CBA of the bank and the service sector was created. But in the eighties when it began to develop in the garment factory , since this sector was a strong trade-union attitude. It may be a reason to be 100% export oriented. But the attitude of the owners that are so negative , the factory trade union initiatives , the cropper , cases and tortured. ''

He said, "After the Tazreen Fashions and Rana Plaza accidents, the garment factories come under international pressure from the trade union. The government accepts it. But the fact is , there is no labor union in 79 percent factories. ''

Mishu said, " Like the garment factories, the anti-worker attitude of workers is now clear in other industries , which were not in the past. This situation is especially in the re-rolling mill , construction industry and many other industries. ''

Bangladesh is not a worker under the amended Labor Act of 2013, no one can take part directly in the labor union. As a result, there is a crisis of educated people by organizing workers. After all political parties have their own workers' organization, they work in the party's decision. Especially those who are in power , their workers' organizations work to protect government's interests. As a result, the independent organization for the workers was nearly extinct.

Altaf Parvez said, " Independent labor organizations are helpful for the industry. If there is no labor organization or bargaining agent , there may be unregulated labor movement in the industrial establishment , which is harmful to the organization. The government can understand the matter gradually. Hope the owners will understand " And Musharraf Mishu said ," The labor force is also a part of production , so to speak with the workers and ensure the welfare of the people, the production process must be continued. ''

[The true picture of Bangladesh's labor movement is a kind of confusing situation in the form of a bourgeois ideology that is based on the Bolshevik ideology. If it is not possible to establish a productive class in the control of the production process, then production and real development can not be possible. The conventional labor movement is being used as a chess in the political party. Workers' organizations now have the means to go to power and the right to the state. And workers' tender parties are busy sharing their sugarcane in the name of the so called welfare of the workers. The workers' organizations and federationes have to overcome all sorts of influences and avoid nationalistic and capitalist paths and move on to the path to changing the situation in anarcho-syndicalism. Otherwise, there will be no man's freedom, including workers, workers.]

http://www.bangladeshasf.org/news
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