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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #284 - Chronicle "Neither God nor School Teacher": Francisco Ferrer and Libertarian School (fr, it, pt)[machine translation]

Date Sun, 1 Jul 2018 11:48:58 +0300

Let us stop for a moment on the Catalan educator who founded the first modern school, or rational, type of school dedicated to the emancipation of the popular classes. Ferrer will travel to the Latin American tropics, to a Brazil of the early XX th century marked by the presence of European immigrants, a significant portion impregnated with libertarian ideas will contribute to the emergence of inspired schools of Ferrer. ---- Born in 1859, Francisco Ferrer, although a member of a conservative and royalist Catholic family, will soon demonstrate an independence of spirit that will see him frequent organizations far removed from circles where uncompromising Spanish Catholicism used to indoctrinate minds. Thus animated by a desire to learn, he will read for himself and learn from the Republicans of the time (the miller at whom he is placed at 14 years will also play a decisive role in his intellectual training) and internationalists who then become scarecrows to the well-meaning spirits of the time. But he also reads anarchist theorists under Anzhelm Lorenzo's rule, though he did not adhere to these ideas.

Republican, he also goes to a Spanish Masonic Lodge in 1884 and in 1886 participates in an insurrectional attempt to overthrow the monarchy which fails and forces him to exile himself in France. There, he strengthened his principles as free-thinker and Freemason, and began to attend French anarchists like Jean Grave and Sebastien Faure, who do not adhere to the strategy of propaganda by the fact, which he himself disapproves, especially since the failure of the 1886 uprising ...

However, at this time he made a major conversion and by 1892 his ideology was more anarchist than republican. Paris is one of the points of the world where the bubbling of libertarian ideas is most vivid and where one can even meet a future statesman like Aristide Briand, frequenting the anarchist Pelloutier or positioning himself in favor of the strategy of the general strike. Briand will be one of the strong supporters of the International League for the rational education of childhood created by Ferrer in 1908.

For, now anarchist, Ferrer sees in education rather than in violent methods the means of radically changing the model of society. He meets Paul Robin as he focuses more and more on pedagogical issues and takes an interest in his integral education concepts developed in Cempuis and in the framework of the first International.

Between 1895 and 1901, he lives in Paris from his Spanish classes and begins to conceive what will take the form of an increasingly concrete project, a school in Spain, in Barcelona, based on rationalist principles aimed at the emancipation of the exploited classes, to defeat the educational monopoly then held by the obscurantist Spanish clergy.

As in Belém in 1919, the Church extends its ominous shadow on emancipatory projects, in Barcelona de Ferrer, in the Amazon of its emulators. We will see next month, what was the Barcelona matrix of the Brazilian school, then we will resume our investigation about it.


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