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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #282 - Unédic: Employees who are unemployed, at the risk of stateization (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Wed, 25 Apr 2018 08:33:14 +0300


A draft law is being prepared concerning unemployment insurance. The social partners were invited to negotiate to give birth to a hollow text, leaving the government free. The upcoming reform should confirm the regime's misuse and increased criminalization of the unemployed. ---- The articulation of anti-social reforms of the government respects a strict coherence: after the labor law and before the Social Security, it is the turn of the unemployment insurance to know the pangs of a first work of dismantling. A reform concerning this social organization has therefore been under development since the beginning of the year. And the government's maneuvers go through several stages. ---- Threat of stateization of the regime ---- Already, the ordinances of the second half of 2017 had abolished employee unemployment contributions and replaced them with an increase in the CSG. This first reform, as well as the announcement of a possible stateization of the regime, manifest the will to question the very nature of unemployment insurance, namely a conquest of the labor movement, one of the pillars of Social Security.

In December, the second step was to propose to the social partners to negotiate on imposed topics, with the repeated threat of the government putting the regime under State trusteeship if no viable solution was found. But ... negotiate to find a solution? The pretext constantly invoked by the State and the Medef to tear down Unédic is always the same: the debt and the deficit. If one must recognize a cumulative debt of about 37 billion euros, on the other hand, for several years, the amount of contributions, about 35 billion for 2016, covers the allowances paid ... The Unédic's budget is therefore at the balance. However, the organization has an annual deficit of about 3.5 billion ... In reality, the deficit of Unédic is not related to the unemployment insurance scheme but to funding employment center. Because Unédic's share in the funding of Pôle emploi amounts precisely to ... 3.5 billion per year. The state, for its part, only finances Pôle emploi for about 1.5 billion. So in fact, Unédic's debt is the debt of the state,!

Impossible financing
But the infamy is much more terrible since the government, in its permanent double speech, seeks to make the current financing of unemployment insurance strictly impossible. Throughout the campaign, candidate Macron promised to extend unemployment benefits to self-employed workers and resigning employees. Wishful but above all completely hypocritical wishes. If the annual accounts of the unemployment insurance are in equilibrium, widening the scope of the beneficiaries of the compensation will necessarily involve either increasing its funding or degrading the terms of compensation.

Based on these elements, it is now easier to understand the government's message to labor organizations. When they are asked to negotiate in order to find a solution, in the end, we can hear the government say to them: " Make it easy for you to run unemployment insurance yourself or we will take care of it. But if it is us, we will destroy everything to make it a state agency, which will be to hand over the keys of the house to Medef .

A hollow interprofessional agreement

The social partners therefore met each week from 12 January to 22 February on five topics: the opening of compensation to resigners, the compensation of self-employed workers, the use of precarious contracts, the control of the unemployed and the governance of unemployment insurance. These negotiations resulted in an annual interprofessional agreement (ANI) whose emptiness is only matched by the abysmal lack of concrete proposals. As regards the resigning members, the proposed measures would probably have limited effects, given the very selective conditions (five years of uninterrupted contributions, a reconversion project approved by a parity body, a limited dedicated budget). Regarding the independents, the NNA refers to a working group which will have to make its conclusions by the end of 2018. We can understand the caution of the social partners, and especially the trade unions, concerning these first two imposed topics. Because the goal of the government, far from wanting to universalize a principle of solidarity, is mainly to continue to attack the labor law by facilitating resignations, and promoting the passage to status discount as the self-entrepreneur.

Third theme: precarious contracts. Great moment of tartufferie since on the one hand, the perimeter of the debates was limited to the contracts of less than one month, and on the other hand, the ANI refers to necessary negotiations within the professional branches, that of course to avoid to the employers any device of taxation of the short contracts ...

Regarding the control of the unemployed, the fourth theme imposed, the ANI refers to the joint reference document of 12 December 2017, which reaffirms the need for personalized support for the unemployed and an expenditure activation policy. Finally, concerning the governance of unemployment insurance, the last theme imposed, the social partners reaffirm their commitment to the autonomy of the system and its contributory nature.

So this text, in the end, does not commit anything ... except to prepare the ground for the government by leaving it free for a radical reform of the regime. A bill should be presented by Muriel Pénicaud to the cabinet at the end of April. It is at this moment that one will grasp all the measure of the reforms envisaged by the power.

In the meantime, the Minister of Labor announced the color concerning the control of the unemployed: increase in the number of staff dedicated to control, increased penalties and return of the " reasonable offer of employment ". The current power has never hidden: for him, Pôle emploi has the role of controlling and sanctioning private employment to accept any job poorly paid conditions deplorable work.

In recent years, a collective uniting associations of unemployed, Pôle Emploi employee unions and some political organizations, including Alternative libertaire, seeks to make its voice heard to warn about the dangers that weigh on the unemployment insurance. Let us hope that in these periods conducive to mobilization, a convergence will be established between unemployed and employee for the defense of the regime. Unemployment insurance is just as important as old-age or sickness insurance. To resign oneself to seeing it disappear would be a decisive victory for the power in power.

François Molinier (Friend of AL)

http://www.alternativelibertaire.org/?Unedic-Les-salarie-es-prives-d-emploi-au-peril-de-l-etatisation
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