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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #282 - Morocco: The mines of Jerada's death (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Tue, 24 Apr 2018 06:24:02 +0300

In the north-east of Morocco, social exasperation triggered a mobilization in the small town of Jerada. If the claims are not heard yet, the movement is not finished. ---- On December 22, 2017, as the city of Jerada lives to the rhythm of protests against the high cost of water and electricity bills, two brothers tragically die, revealing the malaise of " forgotten Morocco " ". Houcine (23 years old) and Jedouane Doui (30 years old) died in a disused mine in this small town in northeastern Morocco. In Jerada, the mine has fed generations of families since the 1930s. Charbonnages du Maroc, a state-owned company that exploited anthracite, a high-calorific coal, closed in 1998 at the request of the IMF. The mine employed about 9,000 workers and workers and coal was the main resource of the population. Despite this closure, residents of the region continue to smuggle coal underground and without any security measures.

They would be between 1,500 and 2,000 to risk their lives every day in these wild mines. Holes dug by hand, the wells give the hill a look of Gruyère. When the hole gets deep, sometimes up to 100 meters, the miners dive into the basement with a winch powered by a generator. With a rope at the waist, they and they abseil to bring back bags of coal. Sometimes the tunnels give way. On December 22, the two brothers were drowned underground, by a sudden torrent. A month later, another 32-year-old illegal miner was buried in a landslide. For twenty years, more than a hundred people have died there, according to the Moroccan Association of Human Rights.

Popular revolt
It is in this context of social exasperation that the population of Jerada, who sees theirs die in the mines, mobilized. A popular revolt that echoes other protest movements. From November 2016 to July 2017, in the Rif, the city of Al Hoceima, mass market following the tragic death of a fishmonger crushed by the garbage truck that destroyed his goods, seized by the police. Last October, it was Zagora, in southern Morocco, which responded with the thirst for water scarcity during drought. In January 2018, the village of Tendrara (province of Figuig in eastern Morocco) was rioting after the death of her injuries by Sofiane Zelmat, overthrown by a state truck, a consequence of the late arrival of an ambulance. The lack of infrastructures,

In Jerada, the popular uprising continues, since the general strike of December 29, called by the unions. A roadmap setting mobilization dates has been decided by the hirak (" movement " in Arabic), which already has its accused. These mobilizations recall the demands of " an economic alternative For this marginalized region. Among them: job offers for young people, lower water and electricity bills, emergency treatment for patients with silicosis. Nearly 2,000 people would be affected by this incurable lung disease, caused by inhalation of fine coal dust whose treatment requires continuous monitoring but also expensive means. The fight continues, especially with the demonstration for women's rights of March 8 and March 11 that brought together 10,000 protesters. On March 14, at a rally, police vehicles repeatedly stormed the crowd, mowing several people. This repression illustrates the calculated violence and the brutality of Moroccan power, ready to do anything to terrorize the population. The response was not long in coming, sit-ins and solidarity demonstrations are already planned

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