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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #282 - Italy: Social crisis and reactionary push (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Fri, 20 Apr 2018 09:31:30 +0300

Where is Italy? Impoverishment of the population, " democratic crisis ", political recompositions ... A context of desperation of the popular classes and electoral success of the hard right and demagogues of all kinds. ---- At the beginning of March, Italy voted for the legislative elections, while the country's economy is slowing down with an unemployment rate of 10.8 % and some of the highest income inequalities in the euro area. Unlike other countries, growth is considered slow and sluggish because of the absence of a " housing bubble ". "And the explosion of private debt before the financial crisis, which was to avoid a policy of violent adjustments, until the inevitable moment when it was necessary to respond to the considerations of the markets seeing the Italian debt unsustainable, like those of the Ireland, Greece, Spain or Portugal. Thus, when at the end of 2011 the Berlusconi government gives way to a technocratic government led by the former Commissioner of the European Union competition Mario Monti, Italy knows a policy of handling a financial bubble that the country no did not know. Austerity has therefore imposed on wages and public spending, leading to a vicious circle, where growth collapses with the decline in household consumption and business investment. " regular structural reforms aimed at " boosting productivity " but only reducing " domestic demand ". In concrete terms, an impoverishment of the population and inevitably a rejection of politicians, but also the search for scapegoats like migrants. Themes that have mobilized most political parties in the campaign for the elections, while the government of Matteo Renzi and the Democratic Party (PD, center) since its accession to power in 2014 failed to convince the population of " social benefits -liberalism ".

It is therefore natural that the centrist coalition of Renzi comes third in these legislative elections. The first place belongs to a conservative right-wing coalition uniting Berlusconi's Forza Italia movement and the xenophobic nationalists of the League (formerly Northern League), which by strategy abandons its regionalism in favor of national accession to power. In second place is the 5-star Movement (M5S), demagogues who sowed during their founding in 2009 illusions of opposition to " the oligarchy And the European Union, going so far as to claim direct democracy ... The M5S has gradually capitalized on popular discontent and convinced left and right dissatisfied to vote for him, resulting in a series of electoral successes: coming third in the general elections of 2013, and especially winning at municipal 2016 nothing less than Rome and Turin. Over time, the political positions of the M5S evolved, becoming less Eurosceptic in speech and opposing immigration. The popular implantation of the movement due to the rejections of the usual institutional parties explains its success in the elections of early March. The speech of " solidarity "They held against the South of Italy (poorer than the North) walked, through including their proposal for a citizenship income to 780 euros for all unemployed. Positioning to overcome the left / right divide in favor of an up / down divide, their opposition to the " 1 % ", to the " system " and the defense of the eradication of poverty, is symptomatic of ongoing strategies throughout Europe from movements claiming to be " of the people ", such as Podemos in Spain or Insolute France, except that the M5S is even more ambiguous by being a member of the European Parliament. a group of far-right parties like the British Ukip.

The winners of these elections will have to form a majority in Parliament and we do not yet know what coalition, certainly unprecedented, will emerge, but it will probably be fragile and difficult to manage by the bourgeois class, while continuing to degrade the living conditions of the population.

The left to the trouble

In these elections, the leftist formations had very low scores. The social democrats of Libres et Égaux, whose discourse opposes liberalism, have failed to convince. It must be said that their leader Pietro Grasso is not a model of rejection of the system, since he was a member of the PD until 2017 and president of the Senate.

Finally, Potere al popolo (Power to the people) that had raised hopes for the radical left: the movement relies on self-managed social centers, including the Naples, where doctors come to treat people in extreme poverty, and also in connection with the movement No Tav[1]and No Tap[2]. If the movement got only 1 % of the vote, it is also very young and can boast of the weighty support of several Italian radical Left parties[3]and the Union Syndicale de Base (USB, alternative trade unionism) .

Nevertheless, it is to be hoped that the social and trade union movements will be able to keep their own agenda without getting caught up in electoral strategies and political and parliamentary representation of the exploited to abandon the construction of mass self-managing fronts. In a difficult context, however, field work in Italy is carried out daily by the syndicalists of struggle, as well as by our fellow Alternative Libertarian / Federation of Anarchist-Communists[4].

Marius (AL Toulouse)

[1]Opposition movement to the Lyon-Turin railway line.

[2]Against the project of a trans-Adriatic gas pipeline.

[3]The Party of Communist Rebuilding, the Anti-Capitalist Left, or the new Italian Communist Party.

[4]http://alternativalibertaria.fdca.it .

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