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(en) cira marseille, Another future for Kurdistan?: Libertarian municipalism and democratic confederalism (fr) [machine translation]

Date Thu, 14 Sep 2017 10:16:32 +0300


In the press, among left-wing activists or political scientists, there is much talk about the exploits of the Kurdish fighters. Why do they succeed, where others fail? Because beyond the defense of their identity, a new idea makes them hope for another future: democratic confederalism. And of that, one does not speak. ---- In the early 2000s, the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) abandoned Marxism-Leninism and its ambition to build a Kurdish nation-state. He then adopted the idea and strategy of democratic confederalism thought by his leader, Abdullah Öcalan, himself strongly influenced by the libertarian municipalism of the American philosopher Murray Bookchin who places social ecology as the engine of the revolution. Organizations of civil society (associations, trade unions, cooperatives, ethnic and religious communities, parties ...) network without their strategy excluding the conquest of municipalities and the election of parliamentarians. The goal is to marginalize the state and ultimately make it useless, just like capitalism. Democratic confederalism is not limited to Kurdistan, it has a universal vocation.

In Turkey, the PKK wanted to abandon the armed struggle to devote itself to the already well-federated Kurdish community federation under a new Turkish constitution. As the peace process was broken by the Turkish government in 2015, a fierce struggle continued on military, social and political grounds.

In the north of Syria, the Rojava, under the control of the Democratic Union Party (PYD), is organized according to democratic autonomy, which is a pre-democratic phase of democratic confederalism. A "government" called democratic self-government ensures the management of the region. Will this power dissolve into Confederate civil society or will it maintain a state? In other words, will libertarian federalism be strong enough to defeat the political federalism put in place and justified by the conduct of an uncertain war?

Everything is not perfect in Rojava, the state has not disappeared, direct democracy is far from general, and the libertarian federalism of the self-administered communes stammered. However, is there such a radical desire for change elsewhere in a political, cultural and military context so unfavorable? The revolution does not happen in a day, so why doubt that the Kurds manage to build another future of emancipation? Their experience is an example, not a model, to break the impasse in which the social movement finds itself.

Pierre Bance, a Doctor of State in Law, was Director of Editions Droit et Société from 1985 to 2008. Anarchist and syndicalist, his latest works are published on the site Autre futur.net ( http://www.autrefutur.net/ ).
Another future for Kurdistan?: libertarian municipalism and democratic confederalism by Pierre Bance. Black and Red, 2017. 399 pages. 20 euros. This book will be available on the day of the talk.

cira.marseille at gmail.com / http://cira.marseille.free.fr
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