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(en) The modern-day Filipino anarchists working for the common good By CNN MEDIA

Date Sun, 10 Sep 2017 21:13:04 +0300


These anarchists' ideology is about the belief that humans are wired to pursue the common good, regardless of an authority figure. From left: Bas Umali, Chuck Baclagon, Ron Solis, Fread de Mesa, and Taks Barbin.http://cnnphilippines.com/incoming/60fgm3-cnnphilippineslife-anarchists-Photo-53.jpg/alternates/FREE_480/cnnphilippineslife-anarchists-Photo-53.jpg Photo by JL JAVIER ---- Manila (CNN Philippines Life) — A blue, mini gas tank with a cooking dock sits on the corner of Taks Barbin’s living room. He turns the knob, put a water-filled kettle on top of the dock, and opens foldable plastic chairs, forming a circle. This living room is a modest extension of his bedroom; a space that makes up a part of the interconnected shanties that snake around one of UP Diliman’s side streets.

“Karamihan [ang] tawag dito ‘infoshop,’ a place na pwede kang mag-share ng information,” says Barbin while pointing towards the other side of his living room — a corner neatly crammed with worn-out books, original and photocopied zines, and indigenous musical instruments. The wooden sign above this corner reads “Safehouse Infoshop,” with the capital letter ‘A’ enclosed in an illustration of a detonating bomb.

Barbin, a student of UP’s Malikhaing Pagsulat sa Filipino program, pours the hot water to two brown mugs and gives the other one to Bas Umali, a long-haired Uber driver dressed in a T-shirt with the words “In Defense of Autonomy” running across it. Bas, like Taks, also runs his own ‘infoshop,’ called Onsite, headquartered in the slums of Muntinlupa where they publish zines that discuss the solutions to the rampant flood in the area.

" The same [is] the typical behavior of the infoshops - make publication, [those done us ] about the flood, the attacker [also] we in local politicians . Elections, also co- conduct we anti-election to campaigns, "he says.

The Safehouse Infoshop is a space in UP Diliman where anarchists share books and zines about disaster communism, critical thinking as an anarchist weapon, and community-organizing, among many others. Photo by JL JAVIER

A closer look at the piles of literature at the Safehouse reveals some of the written works by social activists and anarchist writers Errico Malatesta and John Zerzan, as well as manifestos on disaster communism, critical thinking as an anarchist weapon, and community-organizing — materials that could deepen the knowledge on a controversial philosophy: anarchism.

The ‘infoshops’ that Barbin and Umali separately started serve as a resource center where people within their communities can come in and share skills and solutions to problems specific to their community. It is also a place where anarchists convene to discuss political philosophies and the ways in which they can come together to further a certain cause — from promoting urban gardening to disrupting pork barrel.

Every year since 2014, during the Philippine president’s State of the Nation Address, their network of anarchists gather at the Quezon City Memorial Circle to hold a ‘peaceful protest.’ They call it Sining, Kalikasan, Aklasan, a day-long guerilla event where they share the many skills and solutions being done in their respective communities; solutions that need not come from any type of political leader.

"I've experienced the working class life. Nothing will happen until you get older, as long as you die. "- Ron Sison

" Here are practical solutions to the problems we face . They do not [anarchists] claim . ... 'Those activities do not claim that we can only do this , that we are the founder or vanguard or pioneer of this practice ... There are those things, maybe before. The old school we call [them], "says Barbin.

Umali fiddles with his phone while explaining how this "new school" of anarchists works. " No recruitment, no organization here. ... But it does not mean we're disorganized , it does not mean that we're alone , "he says, almost contradicting himself in one breath.

"Organized us in a way that voluntary 'sa process of support or organize ourselves and subject it to ourselves - what we can bet , to commit time, the resources, and so on, " he says. " It's not you to be an activist, you will join the LSF [Libertarian Socialist Federation] ... like Bonifacio, then you are patriotic? That's not how it is , "Umali adds, while mimicking historical revolutionaries of the Philippines that slash their wrists in the name of solidarity.

"Here are practical solutions to the problems we face," says Taks Barbin, anarchist and a student of UP Diliman's Creative Writing in Filipino program Photo by JL JAVIER

A seaman for five years prior to being a ‘full-time anarchist’, Ron Solis spends his time volunteering for environmental organizations like Greenpeace and 350. Photo by JL JAVIER

The misconception about anarchism

The anarchist that the general public has come to picture is more than a revolutionary fighting for its country; they’ve been portrayed as groups of people in all-black ensembles with ski masks and baseball bats in tow, ready to smash the nearest glass window. The term is often equated to chaos in the streets, the police stopping ‘rebels’ with riot shields and fire extinguishers.

This picture that circulates within the public’s modern consciousness was purportedly due to the highly mediatized World Trade Organization protest in Seattle in the ‘80s. These men with faces covered in handkerchiefs are called Black Bloc anarchists, a sect of anarchism whose main method of protest is property destruction.

Umali, a then-leftist turned anarchist, explains that within the anarchist network, people do various things to push for what they want. Some anarchists’ mode of protest may be simply giving out things in what they call a ‘free market,’ while others, like the Black Bloc anarchists, do take a more ‘violent’ route.

Bas Umali, a then-leftist turned anarchist, declares himself as an anarchist primarily because of political necessity; not wanting to be confused for being a Marxist. Photo by JL JAVIER

" Their focus is that you destroy those symbols of oppression , of capitalism, so it's often the victim of Starbucks, McDonalds. 'Those big corporate symbols, that's what they are dealing with ,' says Umali.

After the rage of riots in the U.S. in the ‘80s, Umali witnessed that a more politicized punk scene in the Philippines suddenly started to take root. “Kasi dati, yung mga 1980s na punk, mas cultural ‘yun eh. … Sex Pistols na anarchy ‘yun. Karamihan sa kanila, mas na-o-organize pa ng Left,” he says. “Pero mga 1996, diyan na nagsulputan na nililinaw ng mga indibidwal na ito na hindi sila Marxist, hindi kami leftists, kami ay mga anarchists.”


The motivations of Filipino anarchists

The sound of multiple footsteps stepping on twigs and dead leaves starts getting louder. Fread de Mesa, a man in dreadlocks and tunnel earrings, knocks on the door of Barbin’s living room. “Tokhang, tokhang,” he teasingly whispers. Behind him is Chuck Baclagon, in a gray button-down wearing a cap that resembles Che Guevara’s military beret, and Ron Solis, wearing a half-grown beard and a necklace with a Baybayin pendant.

Together they complete the chairs Barbin arranged in a circle. One by one, the newly arrived anarchists start sharing what attracted them to the anarchist scene, despite all that it is generally perceived of it.

" 'My involvement with the anarchists, began in the church . ... call them Mennonite and Anabaptists then the church's tradition today is more in accord with justice and peace matters. May when anti-authoritarian also nature, "says de Mesa, still an active member of Peace Church Philippines, instantly breaking the image of the stereotypical one churchgoer with conventionally imagine.

"They do not believe in the absolute power of the State. Only the allegiance is not in the state or in the president, but in [Jesus Christ]," says Fread de Mesa, a member of the Peace Church Philippines and an anarchist. Photo by JL JAVIER

Chuck Baclagon got involved with the anarchist network through his work with 350.org, an international environmental NGO that fights to eradicate the use of fossil fuels. Photo by JL JAVIER

" Nearly lot they shared value system of the anarchists. They do not believe in the absolute power of the State. Just those allegiance is not to the state or the president , but [that with] Jesus Christ, the broader church, and in the community, "he adds.

Baclagon, on the other hand, got involved with the anarchist network through his work with 350.org, an international environmental NGO that fights to eradicate the use of fossil fuels, among others. "Whatever you do with an activity or campaign with respect to the reduction of emissions, what's that, is 350 most likely ... There are also so many in the anarchist community,"

Baclagon says.

"You can not act because you can not do it right now. If you did not act because you did not do it, nothing changed. "- Chuck Baclagon

While de Mesa and Baclagon are still within civic society organizations, Solis has stopped working altogether. A seaman for five years prior to being a ‘full-time anarchist’, he spends his time volunteering for environmental organizations like Greenpeace and 350.

" 'When you work on it, you're still in the system. That's the problem . Do yourself a favor . Make your own strategy , "Solis says. " That -Experience I'm working class to life . Nothing will happen until you get older, as long as you're dead, at [lower] than [lowest] . "

The difference between the far Left and anarchism

The group exchanges personal stories of how they found anarchism or how anarchism found them; their insights reek of the anti-establishment, anti-authoritarian ethos that seems to bind them all. Their discussions are heavy on turning their backs to consumerist practice, from exploring ways to start farming in their own backyard instead of buying in the supermarket to employing themselves instead of submitting to a manager.

On the surface, it looks as if their motive to subvert capitalism is no different from the far Left.

" Actually , that's the reason why I did de declare that anarchist me. Just because I have no need to say that anarchist I ... To me, political necessity is declaring I anarchist . As far as Left has dominated her , she says that their revolution is just what the Left says , "Umali explains.

He goes into detail of where this confusion between anarchism and communism may come from. He says that the many variations of the Left usually extract their ideologies from Marxism, and anarchism may have been a byproduct of this as well.

Ideologies, beliefs, and countercultures tend to enter society in waves. Umali believes that they can keep their culture alive so long as they leave materials for the next wave of Filipino anarchists to come. Photo by JL JAVIER

" Became Marxist-Lennist, became Maoist. So if you notice, anarchy him , he would not be attached to the name. Unlike Marx, you know who his leader is , you know who Lenin, Mao, or who are the Bolsheviks, "he continued. " There is no ownership [the anarchy]. ' Yun' what Taks said earlier , we are also doing [in infoshop], this is also recognition that our ancestors did before . Sowho are you to possess and tell you, 'We are doing this?' "

The conversation on political philosophies amplifies, as they simultaneously mention the ‘failed’ socialist and communist governments of China, Germany, and Russia. Baclagon further clarifies this assumed misperception between anarchism and the Left. He goes deep into challenging Karl Marx’s First International, the federation of working class men who swore to end the dominant economic system and replace it with cooperative ownership. He explains the failings of the mode of production narrative, and cites the teachings of Russian anarchist Mikhail Bakunin that says that Marxism will just breed another form of dictatorship.

"Because I have no need to tell you anarchist I ... To me, political necessity is to defer me anarchist." - Bas Umali

Despite the flaws of the Left, Umali, a former member of Kabataang Makabayan, a leftist group founded by Communist Party of the Philippines leader Jose Maria Sison, acknowledges the organization’s genius in systematically drilling communist ideologies into his then young, impressionable brain. He says that leftists have a knack for articulating the goal of the movement; a trait that he thinks anarchism still lacks. But Umali questions the ways of the Left, particularly the Protracted People’s War, a political revolution strategy developed by Mao Zedong.

" Why are we so patriotic that we are communists? It's really oxymoron eh. That was where I was first in doubt . Then I questioned those Protracted People's War. Perhaps our nature is in vain, we can still fight the war , "he recalls.

A capitalist world

It might still be perplexing to some to see these anarchists in a circle, with urban shacks as the backdrop, fiercely discussing the ‘anti-isms’ of society, all the while knowing that Umali drives a tangerine Vios as an Uber driver and de Mesa still participates in one of the biggest organized systems in the world — religion.

" 'In history, the role of Jesus Christ is the chinallenge of the State. Chinallenge is the Roman empire in another lifestyle, "de Mesa explains. " We learned that we are seeing more Jesus in the anarchists. ... They'm doing feeding the hungry, visiting the sick ... Done basic ' s self-agency. Terrific those being recognized when capacity of the individual to contribute to the good of the majority. "

The anarchists' discussion are heavy on turning their backs to consumerist practice, from exploring ways to start farming in their own backyard to employing themselves instead of submitting to a manager. Photo by JL JAVIER

But how does an anarchist thrive in a society where every single move is powered by consumerist dogmas? When asked how they settle this tug-of-war of opposing ideologies, Baclagon is quick to come to their defense. “Hindi naman pwedeng hindi ka kikilos dahil hindi mo siyang magagampanan ng tuluyan eh. Kasi kung hindi ka kumilos kasi hindi mo siya nagampanan, walang nabago,” he says.

For these anarchists, while they may come from different interest groups, they all form the same basic principles of ‘true’ anarchism: that anarchism values the capacity of the individual to organize itself; that anarchism sees the role of the individual as a tool that contributes to a larger community; that anarchism is about mutual aid, directly helping any soul in need; and that anarchism is about the belief that humans are wired to pursue the common good, regardless of an authority figure.

" I'm afraid, I'm not going to take it on lifetime [the vast anarchism.] ... I think the most co-contributors are to leave a lot of material ," Umali says, as he briefly sizes up the corner of Barbin's living room awash with shelves and shelves of anarchist materials, lying in wait for another wave of people to enter the scene, quietly asserting their rightful existence.
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