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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL Octobre - Universities: Selection, the red line not to cross (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Fri, 27 Oct 2017 09:39:45 +0300

The government launched a "concertation" aimed at setting up the selection at the entrance of the university, in the form of prerequisites to integrate the various courses, at the beginning of 2018. He thinks strong enough to attack jointly employees .es, with the reform of the Labor Code, and the educated youth, by destroying an achievement that it has always defended successfully. Undeceive him. ---- The project of selecting the students who would have the right to enter the university is as old as the school massification. Inevitably: higher education is one of the most effective ways to legitimate social inequalities in supposedly egalitarian societies. It is therefore only with reluctance that the popular classes are allowed to enter. As early as the 1960s, a minister, Fouchet, proposed selective measures. But it was especially in 1986 that Devaquet tried to set up the selection and the increase of the registration fees. Devaquet, or the trauma of the reformers "Of the higher education: a monster mobilization of the lycées and universities, Malik Oussekine assassinated by the police following a demonstration, the resignation of the minister and the abandonment of the project.

Since then, it is the red line for the governing as for the students: impossible in France to select or increase the registration fees in universities without lighting the spark of revolt.

APB: organized bankruptcy

Various ways of bypassing existed, however, largely favored by the neoliberal reforms of higher education: selection in some sectors, illegal registration fees ... And a first breach in December 2016: the first year selection of master's degree becomes possible. The Macron government has reopened the case, not sparing the recycling of old whims under the guise of " innovation ". The selection will be effective as of the beginning of 2018, in the form of prerequisites to integrate the different channels. The ferry, soon reformed too, will no longer suffice. After a masquerade of " concertation ", the Minister of Higher Education Frédérique Vidal will announce its decisions in November.

The government is well supported by the organized bankruptcy of the existing system. Since 2008, the access of graduate students to higher education is managed by an algorithm called APB, for post-bac admission. The students enter vows on a website, the universities their places in each of their formations. Shake well, and you get a breakdown of the students who nobody knows the criteria and who displease everyone: the staff of the universities and the National Education, high school students and their families ...

To this algorithm is delegated the management of the shortage: we have indeed asphyxiated financial universities without allowing them to create the premises and the sufficient positions to welcome all those who wish to continue their studies. This led to the catastrophe of 2017: increasing use of the random draw to select candidates, 87,000 students without assignment on July 15 ...

We can change the algorithm, " direct " high school students, push the walls, 87,000 students, that means that we must build at least three universities. Instead, government and university presidents are working to make the situation unacceptable, so as to legitimize selection to " merit ." As if it was not as unfair as the draw in a country where access to the university is a right. As if it were relevant to ask 18-year-olds to have already proved themselves, when they began their life in radically heterogeneous conditions in terms of social, economic and educational environment.

So, the selection, we let them do it ? To defend equality of access to the university is not to say that there is no salvation outside education. It is to demand their democratization so that by ceasing to be reserved for certain, they also lose the role attributed to them: to give less to those who do not. It is to make it a way of emancipation, among others, for those who wish it. Today, as in October 1967, the walls cracked under the influx of student students. Anger can explode. For activists high school students, education, the challenge is to put all the forces in the work of information, mobilization, to converge this struggle with that against work orders. The government believes it is capable of carrying out a reform of the Labor Code and the introduction of selection at the university entrance. Chiche.

Julie (AL Saint-Denis)

Received Selection Ideas

There is too much failure in the first cycle, because there is no selection at the entrance.

False. One student in two does not validate his first year. But one student in two is also the share of those who have to take paid employment in parallel with their studies during the academic year (adding those who work only during the holidays). reaches 73%). That diminishes their chances of success.

Failure in the first cycle is the bacs pros that are allowed to enroll in the university.

False. Professional baccalaureate holders represent 4% of students enrolled in higher education. A drop of water. It should not be a shambles to give them the means to succeed, especially through methodological support.

We can not accommodate all students who wish to do so in sectors that do not have enough opportunities.

False. Ultimately, graduate students find it easier to find stable jobs than others. Often they do not work in the " natural " outlet of their sector: the university provides a general training allowing to practice different professions. It is then up to companies to teach employees what they have to do on the specific job they occupy, even if they try to subcontract this task to the public service through the imperative of " professionalization " formations. Contrary to another idea received, university students do not suffer from a lack of knowledge of the business world, since they already work for many (see above)!

Data source: Survey Student life 2010 student living conditions.

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