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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL September - Immigration: The wrong idea of corridors (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Mon, 16 Oct 2017 06:30:27 +0300

The government is multiplying advertisements and ineffective measures to " fight " immigration. The latest measures aim to establish humanitarian hotspots and corridors while diminishing the capacity of humanitarian organizations. ---- In his speech of July 27, Macron promised a better care of the refugees, and declared: " By the end of the year, I no longer want anyone in the streets, in the woods. " If his wish to see realized a day, it is certainly not due to measures announced. On the ground, police violence continued: gassing in Calais and elsewhere, daily repression at the border, and so on. ---- Humanitarian Corridors, Ofpra Examination Centers ---- According to Macron, there are good and bad migrants: refugees and " economic " migrants . The objective of his government is to see only the first, by sorting before their arrival on French territory, in centers located in Africa: Libya, Niger and Chad in particular. Missions of the French Office for the Protection of Refugees and Stateless Persons (Ofpra) will be responsible for examining asylum applications in order to help those who are considered legitimate.

Only those whose asylum application has been validated will be able to fly to Paris ; it is better than a makeshift craft on the Mediterranean, but the places will be very limited. Such a humanitarian corridor was established in Ethiopia by Italy to provide more humane immigration requirements for 500 réfugié.es in two years [1]. Given the small number of places, the smugglers' business is unlikely to end any time soon.

This solution, developed in the offices of the Élysée, is not unanimous among the African countries concerned, who fear that more refugees will arrive on their territory. They demand financial commitments in favor of a solution to the Libyan crisis, the stabilization of Mali and the development of countries such as Niger or Chad. German Chancellor Angela Merkel seems open to such a solution, but Macron does not want to hear about financial aid. For him the problem of Africa is rather " civilizational " [2].

Create " human sorting centers " in countries like Libya, which has not signed any international treaty to protect human rights is condemning migrants to abusive and violent treatment [3]. Libya's current negotiations with factions in Libya are aimed at rebuilding Libya as an auxiliary of the EU's migration control policies at the expense of the most basic human rights such as 'was the case when Colonel Gaddafi was in power, and as is done with Turkey [4]. The closure of the borders of the European Union will therefore continue, with a substantial increase in the budget of the European agency Frontex, which has tripled in three years, for a total of 300 million euros in 2017 [5].

Accelerated processing of asylum applications

The government has promised to reduce the asylum procedure by fourteen to six months. The objective is to sort as soon as possible between those who can benefit from the " protection " of France and those who will be taken back to the border as soon as possible. In 2016, 85,000 people have applied for asylum, and their number is expected to increase by 15% this year [6].

How is it planned to handle all these asylum applications for a response within six months ? Means still unknown will be granted to Ofpra [7]. One can also imagine the increase in botched examinations, procedures to speed up and dehumanize the processing of applications, and the reclassification of certain countries as safe, as was done recently for Albania.

As for the creation of the promised accommodation places, it is insufficient for real needs, and arrives too late in the face of urgency. " Currently, France's capacity to accommodate asylum seekers is between 70,000 and 80,000 places. The government wants to create 4,000 additional seats in 2018 and 3,500 in 2019. But if we do the calculation we do not reach the 110,000 asylum seekers in France today. And so the promise not see any migrant in the street by the end of the year is simply, according to specialists, untenable " [8].

The bill strengthening internal security and the fight against terrorism, examined on 12 September by the National Assembly, endorsed and aggravated the main measures of the state of emergency, restricting our freedoms permanently. The so-called " frontier " checks will be possible on all the French territory and without justification. This is a nice way to legally cover the facial control, so facilitated, since then the police officers will be able to carry out an identity check on the simple ground that people seem foreign to them. This is in order to be able to multiply the deportations to the border [9].

Insufficient accommodation

Macron said his contempt for initiatives to help migrants conducted on the ground by associations and individuals, irresponsible considers it [10]. But they would not have to exist if the government took its responsibilities and acted humanely rather than against international migration law.

Lydie (AL Lyon)

Asylum seekers in Europe

In 2016, the European Union granted refugee status to just over 700,000 people, compared to 330,000 in 2015. Germany is again leading with 445,000 applications approved, three times more than in 2015 and two thirds of the EU as a whole. Sweden has granted just under 70 000, Italy 35 000 and France 35 000. In the whole of the EU, more than 500 000 asylum applications have therefore been refused, or treatment courses. By the end of 2016, more than 1 million people had introduced (in 2016 or earlier) an asylum application which was being examined by the competent national authority.

Syria remains, since 2013, the main source country for first-time asylum-seekers in Europe, with 28% of requests. As a direct consequence of the civil war in the country, more than 300,000 Syrians are asked each year to seek protection from the European Union (334,820 in 2016). Afghans were more than 180,000 in 2016, and Iraqis nearly 130,000. These three nationalities represent just over half of all asylum seekers in the European Union.

[1] " Migration: first humanitarian corridor in Ethiopia ", April 22, 2017, adiaccongo.com.

[2] " Migration: Emmanuel Macron favorable to the opening of hotspots in Africa ", August 29, 2017, adiaccongo.com.

[3] " Refugees caught in Libya ", 20 June 2017, blog Mediapart of the Cimade.

[4] " Migrant war continues: harassment of NGOs in the Mediterranean ", Migreurop Communiqué, 13 August 2017.

[5] Frontex.europa.eu

[6] AFP, July 2017

[7] Le Monde, 27 July 2017.

[8] Arnaud Compte, journalist reporter France Télévisions

[9] " Permanent state of emergency, facial controls everywhere ", September 11, 2017, blog Mediapart de la Cimade.

[10] " Emmanuel Macron's speech on immigration: a lot of noise for nothing ", July 27, 2017, blog Mediapart of the Cimade.

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