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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL September 2017 - Review: Thinking of the struggle with "The Utopians" (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Wed, 4 Oct 2017 09:29:15 +0300

Labor law, union unity and representativeness, claims ... Solidaires' quarterly reflection book makes it possible to debate practices in the social struggle. ---- According to the major bourgeois media, the return of September, in opposition to the labor law II, would be undermined, among other things, by a lack of trade union unity. In addition, according to figures from the Directorate-General for Labor, these " trade union experts " asserted that the CFDT had become the first trade union force in that country and that the results were proof of support from employees a trade union organization that defends the labor law. Add to this the criminalization and repression of social movements, everything suggests that the re-entry looks rather morose in terms of struggle and resistance to Macron's policy.

Everything lets believe ... Indeed ! But it is without counting on the wise view of the militants of Solidaires that bring a much more pertinent view in their last notebook The Utopiques of June 2017 (n ° 5) that we had succinctly presented in the last issue of AL.

It's in the boxes that it goes !

In the words of Les Utopiques, it is evident that for the employees of the private as well as the public, trade union unity constitutes an important guarantee of success when it is necessary to establish or to reinforce a balance of power with the employers or to building a mobilization. It is obviously impossible today, at national level, and very difficult, in companies, to bring together reformist unions and " revolutionary " unions ". The CFDT, during the major mobilisations on pensions, the labor law ..., has chosen to follow the proposals of the governments of Sarkozy, Holland, and soon Macron. It thus brings discredit to the trade union movement by positioning itself as a privileged interlocutor of governments and making trade unions " irresponsible " or even " criminal " when they are more radical. All the more reason to stick together !

Beyond the differences between trade union organizations, whether structural or ideological, the intersyndicale remains an important framework that must be lived, as soon as possible. It is not uncommon to see a unitary SOUTH-CGT-FO-CNT-CNT SO unit, which brings together the employees and thus allows a more efficient balance of power with greater chances of victory.

As Utopics points out , an intersyndicale must be regarded " not as a perennial structure but as a regular space for exchanges, analyzes and conceptions of unitary actions in which each trade union organization retains its autonomy of decision or decision 'action '.

It is now complicated and illusory to contribute to a unified trade unionism, as has been the case in the civil service, one of the crucibles of unity of action between trade unions, as the article on the tax sector [1].

The trade union movement has split up around the links between political parties and trade union organizations, the more or less rejection of reformism, the more or less categorical attachment to a pyramidal structuring, the corporatist expectations of the workers.

Whatever the bourgeois media say, trade union organizations are very conscious of the interest of the inter-union framework, even if it is sometimes weakened by the positioning of the apparatus and by electoral strategies. It must first be able to be set up at the level of the company by highlighting the concrete demands of the employees. The local struggles then allow for discussion at a broader level, such as the sector of activity or the national framework.

Thus, the CFDT would be the big winner in the professional elections and the employees by voting massively for this organization would massively approve the Macron projects ? This is not the analysis of the comrades of the union committee and the working group on the elections of TPE of the trade union union Solidaires. Thus, the most recent writing of the magazine Les Utopiques describes what one might qualify, but it would be an abuse of language, of national interprofessional representativity.

The law of 2 August 2008 on the renovation of social democracy concerns in particular trade union representativeness. The text reproduces the essence of the " common position " signed on 10 April 2008 by Medef, CGPME, CGT and CFDT and modifies the criteria for representativeness by introducing among them the audience of each trade union organization measured on the basis of of professional elections. The threshold of representativeness is fixed at 10 % of the votes in the companies, at 8 % at the level of the professional branch. At the interprofessional level, organizations with 8 % of the votes at the national level are recognized as representative .

Noting that:

* more than half of the workers are employed in one of the 1.15 million enterprises with fewer than 50 employees and that these enterprises are trade union deserts,

* there is a restriction on the participation and eligibility of subcontracted staff,

* elections are carried out at company level (works councils) and not at national level (thus everyone has no choice but to vote for the trade union organization there is no union section),

* 3.5 million unemployed and 5.6 million public servants are not eligible to vote, as do the 16 million retired workers who vote in the joint labor organizations. retirement management.

It is still 25.1 million workers who are deprived of elections, even though interprofessional negotiations affect all of them !

In addition, 40 % are not organized by employers - who frequently forget to send elections to the EC - that there is an employer's benevolence to establish the CFDT and to transfer or to intimidate somewhat too virulent delegates from the South or from the CGT ... Moreover, the EC results for 2016 during the labor law only take into account the TPE with 7.35 % participation, etc.

The vast majority of wage-earning is therefore far from being acquired at Macron, and we see it in our boxes. September guarantees us its share of tumults and all police repression, attempts to criminalize the trade union movement, and the state of emergency will do nothing. What is certain is that state propaganda is in full swing and that it is fortunate to have a more objective view, not by " trade union experts ", but by unionized workers .es.

Marie-Line (AL Lyon)

[1] François-Xavier Ferrucci, " Union Unity in Taxation" , Les Utopiques, n ° 5, June 2017.

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