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(en) [Spain] The 107th anniversary of the founding of the CNT is celebrated, the Union that got eight hours of work a day By ANA (ca, pt) [machine translation]

Date Thu, 9 Nov 2017 08:52:40 +0200

It starred in one of the great struggles of the workers in the history of Catalonia, the so-called 'Strike of the Canadian'. ---- PUBLIC MEMORY ---- This Wednesday (01/11) marks the 107th anniversary of the creation of the National Confederation of Labor. At the second congress of the Catalan trade union Solidaridad Obrera , meeting in Barcelona, it was decided to create an alternative to the UGT at the state level. The new union had its first illegality in the year after its birth, which did not prevent it from continuing to grow and by the end of 1919 had some 700,000 members. ---- That year, the CNT spearheaded one of the great struggles of workers in Catalonia's history, the so-called 'Canadian Strike' . This strike was triggered by the resignation of several workers of the electrical company Riegos and Ebro forces, but it became a general strike that paralyzed two thirds of Catalan industry and led Spain to be the first country in the world where the labor movement reached the day of eight hours by law.

During the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera , the CNT was severely repressed, but managed to maintain a good part of its force. The CNT's relationship with the Second Republic was also not quiet, as evidenced by the bloody incidents of the strike at the National Telephone Company of Spain, which caused 20 deaths in Seville , the insurrectional movement in Alto Llobregat or the so-called " Events of Casas Viejas " .

When part of the army and the right give the coup d'etat in July of 1936, the CNT faces fascism and plays a very important role in the failure of the insurrectionists in several cities. The CNT was the most powerful political organization in some territories and this has caused it to take charge of the situation in many municipalities, initiating a revolutionary process in organizing columns that will march to the front. Without the strength of the CNT, it would be very difficult to imagine that the Second Republic had endured the onslaught of the Italian and German insurgents and allies for so long.

With the victory of the insurgents, the CNT was banned, its assets confiscated and its militants persecuted. After 38 years of darkness, the CNT presented its statutes on May 7, 1977 .

Source: http://www.publico.es/politica/cumplen-107-anos-fundacion-cnt-sindicato-logro-jornada-ocho-horas.html
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