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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL Octobre - Versão para impressão Mining projects: A challenge from local to global (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Thu, 2 Nov 2017 12:47:53 +0200

The DesTerresMINÉes 35 collective formed to challenge the exclusive license for research (PER) of Dompierre-en-Bretagne. Then, in front of the other centers of struggle, he evolved towards a more global discourse and contestation. Back on this course. ---- The PER of Dompierre was a mining project, led by the Variscan exploration company, which concerned 17 communes between Fougères and Vitré (Ille-et-Vilaine), and which was stopped in early 2017 (see interview ). It was mainly to extract tungsten, at the base of extremely hard steels used in armaments or industry in general. Exploration consisted of sampling with augers, holes, and sometimes shallow trenches. But in fact the minerals present were already known after enormous research carried out in these zones by the BRGM [1], until 2000. Officially, the reasons for the cessation of the project have long been unknown despite requests for explanations addressed to Variscan or the State. But the direct opponents and opponents knew that the company was in financial difficulties, and that it had filed several applications for exploration permits without being able to assume all of them. This reveals a disturbing aspect of strategy: exploration companies are also testing the region's capacity to mobilize, social acceptability, and therefore the possibility or not to impose new projects.

Red mining explorations in the west
Towards a radical and global challenge

The collective DesTerresMINÉes 35 had already formed an association, it could have ceased its activity after the announcement of the abandonment of the project, but its active members decided to continue the actions, mainly to inform the town halls and the population. Then he set out to set up a form of federation of the various metropolitan associations, but also ultra-marine (there is a catastrophic project in Guyana, with several associations to challenge it). The initial idea was a mutual support between the various struggles, notably for the demonstrations. The choice to unite several struggles gave a real victory in Brittany: eight associations met in Paris on the occasion of the " Mines in France " day for a gathering in front of the school of the same name ; there were the political leaders, the mining companies and the engineers, who were used to being part of a community. The opponents have disrupted this meeting, and the media have reacted (France Inter, Reporter, Le Monde diplomatique). This event led the regional council of Brittany to officially oppose the revival of mining on its territories. In the coming months, the association wants to continue in the same vein against the project to re-open the Salau mine, which is the next major project.

Associations fighting mining projects point to significant problems, but they struggle to get out of good feelings and enter into a more global discourse that would necessarily involve a project of decline. If the choice to federate works to win, the radical discourse is not unanimous, and some associations want above all that the local project stops, without seeing beyond. That said, some associations of this type continue to frequent the federation, since it works. It is at this point that the argument " neither here nor anywhere else " must bear.

In the DesTerresMINÉes collective, it is thought that the revival of mining is the consequence of a hyperconsumériste society, so it is the functioning of this society that is to be questioned. The only answer is to think of another form of society consuming much less. Only if the questions are really raised by the movement, the silence of the media means that only a few dozens of individuals are concerned by the revival of mining. It is insufficient to launch an extensive reflection in public opinion.

Daniel, from the collective DéTerreMINÉes 35

[1] Office of Geological and Mining Research

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