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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL Décembre - Climate change: The scam of COP 23 (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Wed, 27 Dec 2017 08:54:32 +0200

Climate conferences are following each other and greenhouse gas emissions are rising steadily. Surprisingly, when we see the weight of the big polluters in the negotiations. ---- When they adopted the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), governments knew that their commitments would not be enough to seriously tackle climate change. The Kyoto Protocol, adopted in 1997, provided for a 5% reduction in global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions between 2008 and 2012, extended to 2020 by the Doha agreement. At that time, the scam of "  CO2 quotas  ", allowing developing countries to resell their "  rights to pollute  ", already tainted the good will displayed. ---- Since the Paris agreements at the end of 2015, the states have set the goal of a maximum temperature rise of 2 degrees maximum, 1.5 degrees at best. However, there is a gap between commitments and imperatives, denounced in the latest report of the United Nations Environment Program: "  The commitments made by countries at the national level represent only one third of the emissions reductions needed for the 2030 horizon to meet objectives.  " The last report of the World Meteorological Organization GHG reveals that atmospheric CO2 concentrations "  have increased at a record pace in 2016  ".The international scientific platform Global Carbon Project estimates that CO2 emissions are expected to increase by around 2% in 2017 to reach the colossal level of 36.8 billion tonnes. In the face of this inconsistency, litigation has increased against governments and polluting companies to reduce their CO2 emissions.

One of the reasons for the difficulty of moving forward is the large number of conflicts of interest among COP23 participants. To start with, Miguel Arias Cañete, President of two oil companies, is the Commissioner for Energy and Energy. climate action of the UNFCCC. The Panama negotiator, also a member of the Ieta office, a corporation of banks and oil tankers, finds himself coordinator of the market mechanisms for the G77 + China group, representing all the developing countries at the convention of the 'UN.

Conflicts of interest
In addition, companies like BMW and Solvay are sponsoring COP23, like Suez and Engie for COP 21.

The CAI (Corporate Accountability International) and several reports denounce the way in which multinationals, and more particularly those of fossil fuels, have captured climate negotiations. Industrialists influence the direction of the money dedicated to the fight against global warming. Thus, the Green Climate Fund (GCF) has opened the doors of its working bodies to banks like HSBC or the Bank of Tokyo Mitsubishi. As a result, five transnational banks now manage 75% of its funds, more than 50% of which is allocated to privately supported projects.

These reports, along with contributions from five global organizations deeply concerned about the disproportionate influence of corporate power, expose how the industries most responsible for climate change, particularly the transnational fossil fuel corporations, are blocking real progress in resolving th

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