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(en) Anarchism in PDF (Group): Bridges between anarchism and democratic confederalism - Part 2 by Bruno Lima Rocha

Date Sun, 18 Sep 2016 19:08:26 +0300


Introduction to this particular issue ---- In this part I will discuss some basic historical information on the model of anarchist political organization and in the end, I will make a comparison between these experiences and the current mission of political organization that aims to be the catalyst for a democratic social change Confederalista. ---- Model descent anarchist organization: three anarchists experiences ---- nternational Alliance of Socialist Democracy: As I mentioned in the first part of the test, the model of federalist organization is not new. In 1868, within the International Workers Association (AIT) called federalist party included an organized political force called the International Alliance of Socialist Democracy (known as a type of Bakuniana Alliance), whose best - known public reference was Russian activist Mikhail Bakunin (1814/1876). The Alliance worked according to an organization of delegates, a type "Carbonero" and most of its members acting in secrecy.

Some public references were made to some of the leaders of the AIT and this partnership not only acted in a specific country or territory. It was common to send delegates and operators (agents with militant commitment) to distant countries or regional divisions to promote social organization, to form a cell to support the Alliance or occasional episodes of rebellion. We can see the role of militants with experience within the Alliance, acting as social activists, political organizers and ideological propagandists. Also, sometimes, those who would be in the first line for social struggle higher level - as occurred during the uprising in Paris and the Commune - the activists of the Alliance were part of political forces organizing the first workers ' self - government modern times (from March to May 1871).

The Revolutionary Socialist Party Lawless: another mentionable experience of this type of model party was founded in 1891, Lawless Revolutionary Socialist Party (PSAR) and its most famous reference was anarchist Errico Malatesta Neapolitan (1853/1932). Although the PSAR had a clandestine branch, it had a structure more similar to the usual type of party organization. Its militants were references to the mass level (social) and intermediate level (political and social) as well as distributors and producers of political propaganda. Members were more the type of multiple roles (multifunctional delegates), including types of direct action taken place in Italy at that time (since the founding of the party until the fascist coup of 1922).

Peasant Ukrainian Insurgent Army: From the Russian Revolution, specifically in Ukraine, came the acquisition of experiences in terms of mass political organization during the civil war (1918-1921). The peasant Ukrainian insurgent army (Black Army, also known as Makhnovichina or Maknovista), whose militant Nestor Ivanovich Makhno was reference (1888/1934), was the political, military and administrative hegemony of large regions of Ukraine and developed a modus operandi based on collectivized production and its military section was based on a mobile cavalry and whose command posts were chosen army. Then came the political / militant merger of the organization, which promoted both a higher level of conflict against the White Army (Tsarist and rightist) and also against the Red (the armed forces of the Bolshevik Party) Army. The military branch was the institution of self-defense to ensure a federalist political form of self-government and self-organization socioeconomic. With the loss to the Red Army in 1921, some survivors of Staff of the Black Army went together to Paris, France, and wrote a political manifesto, known as a piece of anarchist political theory called the Organizational Platform of the Libertarian Communists. This document, which was released in the 20s and 30s, contained four theoretical lines for a model that is still valid today: Tactical Unit, Theoretical Unity, Collective Responsibility and Federalism.

commonalities between the three experiences and similarities with the real mission of the PKK

The exhibition of historical experiences and accumulation between and since these organizations could result in an entire thesis to discuss only the concepts of anarchist party. However, I want to highlight in this series commonalities between these models of organization: the selection of members (a party of delegates); nonparticipation in elections in the state (anti-electioneering); action type active minority (against the concept of vanguard class); federative internal structure considered as a form of social organization (political federalism); systematic use of force in collective disputes and mass (direct action as a priority to generate political events); projection organized social structures as a priority (building a strong people), eliminate professional intermediation (direct popular democracy); and the existence of possible criticism and internal promotion, increasing political responsibilities according to the level of commitment of the militant (internal democracy and renewal).

The similarities between the model of anarchist organization and the role of political instrument of liberation movement of Kurdistan is so impressive and so clear that it is easily proved through a simple reading of this paragraph written by Comrade Mustafa Karasu and posted on the web PKK English:

"The PKK has been restructured as a result of extensive self-criticism and criticism background of classical socialism and practiced forms. Go to the classical socialist theory as insufficient. The PKK believed that the classical socialism is not anti-capitalist enough and is too involved with the state; since the state is a tool of repression. Toppling a state and create a new one is not a revolutionary practice rather overcome, overthrow or minimize the hegemonic system and replace it with a socialist system involving socialism at the time, it is the method adopted by the PKK. The defeat a state is not the same as beating the system. The link these two things together is a sign of deviation of socialism. "

When we study the Socialist history and labor movements in various societies, Western or not, we can see that this kind of criticism against the state and the so-called socialist parties oriented state, was the same criticism that made thousands of anarchist militants totally committed since, at least 1864. After reading the phrase that begins "the PKK has been restructured through self-criticism" can easily observe almost the exact same method of the anarchist political organization, a constant internal struggle to avoid internally reproduce the political sphere and ideological thoughts that belong to authoritarian and capitalist traditions (liberal or not). As I said in the first part of the trial, the actual practice of the PKK can feed anarchists around the world and vice-versa. The first step is a common recognition and approach of both traditions. The reason for these series is to contribute to the common effort.
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