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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL Septembre - Kurdistan: A political revival (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Thu, 15 Sep 2016 22:20:24 +0300

The Kurds are under the spotlight for their resistance to Daech and oppression of the Turkish state, but also for the social and societal changes implemented in Rojava (Syrian Kurdistan). Back on an ideological revolution. ---- Since my trip to Rojava, my worldview has changed. The ongoing revolutionary process not just upsets the balance of the Middle East forces, but also our revolutionary ideals. Indeed, the cleavages within the anarchist movement, revolutionary communist or revolutionary left in found partially obsolete. These differences found in two key concepts: the state and power. ---- Instances of dual power at the local level ---- This was the center of the reflection of the Kurdish national liberation movement, especially embodied by the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK). For this, the PKK began a reflection and reorganization of its body, which lasted ten years, from 1995 to 2005. The triggers were the fall of the USSR and the "black years" when the Turkish state razed thousands of Kurdish villages and where state violence reached a climax. Folded-es on Mount Qandil in Iraq, the guerrillas and guerrillas have expanded their research fields (re) reading such authors as Marx, Bakunin, Kropotkin, Luxembourg, Foucault (and other postmodern), Chomsky and Murray Bookchin . This author has probably played the most influential role in the revival of Kurdish thought. Murray Bookchin is known for her thesis on the ecology movement and its libertarian municipalist.

The majority of Western revolutionaries are "wait and" pending general strike gold for Murray Bookchin large mobilisations are "spring offensive" rarely exceeding "summer vacation." The struggles by demonstrations and strikes against state and capitalist system are sometimes crucial task but, by their form, they fail to register a process of sustainable social transformation. Murray Boochkin advocates a struggle against the State by the construction of dual power bodies at local level now. This is based assemblies, neighborhood councils, which has run, take the control of the municipality, dissolving the old order. Municipalities and partly paid the state power will confederate against him.

For this, Bookchin is based on numerous historical examples of city-assemblies confederated against the power of states. To cite only three example: municipalities of the Middle Ages, towns meeting of New England, or the Parisian sections of the French Revolution. These experiences were all in confederacy capacity characteristics to resist States by militias controlled by municipal assemblies, to rely on a local democratic power and have control over their finances. One can also find experiences of city-assemblies today in Europe as in Marinaleda Spain or in Saillans in France.

Murray Bookchin also shows that these dual power bodies play an essential role in social progress that can obtain the oppressed majority. For Bookchin, the fight against modern states, to be exact nation states, through the oppression of awareness of the citizen and his ouster from politics rather than building a working class identity. For him the incompatibility of capitalism with ecological produce its fall because its purpose is to produce an unsustainable environment for humanity. It is therefore incompatible with the latter.

The PKK has also deepened its development of the nation-state. Indeed, that State identity vice seeks to divide and conquer the opposition of identities. In Turkey, it is on this basis that the Turks are opposed to the Kurds. The latter having the injunction to be assimilated and forget their language and culture. In the USSR, the nation-state took the form of a workers' identity opposed to bourgeois and petty bourgeois. It is on this basis that the forced collectivization caused millions of victims. This is the same as the Soviet Union opposed the "working knowledge" to "bourgeois science" for a while denying the scientific veracity of Einstein's general relativity.

autonomous army of Kurdish women since 1992

It is through a thorough critique of patriarchy that Kurdish women PKK have also developed a women's liberation movement. Kurdish women are organized in an autonomous army since 1992, become almost independent today, YJA-Star. The bodies of female self-organization played a key role in the new doctrine.

For the PKK, the first of oppression is patriarchy, which put an end to "natural Companies" (the "primitive communism" in Marx). Natural companies have developed their early social hierarchies on the "rupture equality" that is to say the creation of male and female gender with the aim of exploiting women. For the Kurdish left there can be no free and emancipated society without full emancipation of women. They also reappropriate knowledge, long the monopoly of men, through their new ideology, or ginéologie women science. One of the slogans of the movement is "kill the man" in you because they claim it is the male mentality that caused the search for power. On this basis, they educate women and men to antipatriarcat, they founded their own non mixed organization, their own armed forces or their own agricultural cooperatives as the Rojava.

In Rojava, the ideology of the PKK is globally respected. The economy is in the hands of municipalities, such as oil. Women struggle every day to educate society. Municipalities are united by a social contract strongly inspired elaborations of the federations of Kurdish women. Finally, the majority of political decisions do not exceed the level of city-assemblies.

All these political positions undermine the vision of the Western revolutionary movements in the world. Perhaps a part of the solution to our problems lies not in this white movement, feminist, environmentalist and democratic Mesopotamia.

Raphael Lebrujah (friend of AL)

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