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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL n° special - Ukraine: Between a rock and a hard place (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Thu, 8 Sep 2016 10:27:01 +0300


In recent years Ukraine is often represented in the media in France and internationally as a counterpoint to Russia. The radiant face of his winning Eurovision representative could reinforce this image. The reality of the political and social situation of this country is yet a little more complex. ---- Russia is a dictatorship. And deteriorating economic situation (declining oil and gas revenues, economic sanctions Western powers recession two years of economic activity) plays an important role in strengthening this tyrannical regime. It is also an imperialist power seeking to rise again as a great power. We have seen both in Syria and in Ukraine. However, this aggressive policy, which is linked to the defense of its interests as a major economic player in Eastern Europe and the Middle East, does not exempt analyze the policy choices of the Ukrainian regime born of the protest movement that emerged in late 2013 square Maidan in Kiev.

The ruling coalition relies on two parties: the Poroshenko bloc and the Popular Front for Yatsenyuk, two libertarian right-wing parties that are working to destroy what remains of the welfare state in Ukraine. It is the majority in parliament, provided the current political balances are closely linked to the struggle for power between the capitalists at the head of the largest fortunes in the country. Alliances are made ​​and broken. But what is constant is to see that the internal political recomposition of the ruling class are based on fractions of ultraliberal pro-Western parties and ultranationalists and fascist parties. When the crisis was fatal to the previous government, dominated until early 2014 by Yanukovych and the Party of Regions (pro-Russian) is an alliance between the libertarian and fascist parties Svoboda (Freedom, to 4.7% parliamentary elections in 2014) and Pravy Sektor (right Sector, 3%) which helped overthrow him. Similarly, since 2014, some oligarchs partly finance the battalions of fighters who wage war in the East against the pro-Russian separatists and many are linked to the extreme right, like battalions Azov and Aidar [ 1 ].

Power belongs to the same ruling classes mafia those who made their fortune in the 1990s under the presidency of Leonid Kuchma, former hierarch of the CPSU (Communist Party of the Soviet Union) recycled in capitalism after the fall of the USSR . It is this mafia power that the European Union political and financial support. EU Manna is actually essential for the survival of Ukraine. This is the rest with the renunciation of the agreement of "Eastern Partnership" with the EU that the political crisis was packed late 2013. The agreement involves EU financial assistance in exchange for a privatization program public services, falling wages and pensions. And it is the same agreement that the Netherlands have just rejected in a referendum in April.

The EU thrives on Ukrainian debt

EU and Russia have therefore shared responsibility in the current crisis in Ukraine, which is characterized by a state of virtual bankruptcy and put on a drip by the EU. For the latter, the stakes are not only geopolitical (assert its political influence and contain the Russian sphere of influence), they are also economical. The EU thrives on Ukrainian debt, but also its assets. Last year the government pushed Yatsenyuk sale of ports, power plants but also food and distribution companies to European investors. This split sales of the country continues for years. It is particularly sensitive in the field of land, since the phenomenon of land grabbing is important. It is the fact of large Ukrainian and European companies (German, British, Swedish and especially French). Charles Beigbeder, a former candidate for president of Medef face Gattaz and elected UMP before approaching the FN, is one of the French capitalists have invested in recent years in Ukraine. After the collapse of the USSR, the peasants were able to recover lands that were returned to them, but many of them did not have the financial resources to invest and develop. As they and they began to gradually sell them, sometimes to a ridiculous price, to large groups keen to invest to provide large retailers, including organic food.

To this must be added the repeated violation of human rights and the increase in political violence. Note that they come both from the far right and pro-Russian organizations and government. The results of the war of Donbass amounts to about 10 000 are killed, the vast majority civilians. Sporadic fighting continued on the front line despite the Minsk agreements that resulted in particular to a ceasefire. The pro-Russian propaganda is intense and blames those fighting the government of Kiev. However, the Western media do not take this into account and are silent about the far-right activism as they are silent corruption and oppressive power of the conservative-liberal government and mafia Kiev.

What has been won both Russian and Ukrainian authorities, this is the installation of an irreducible hatred between the two peoples. The pro-Russian have an overwhelming responsibility for the secession of the Crimea and the Donbass, but refusing a federalist organization and taking actions adverse to the large Russian minority (including language), the Kiev government has helped to push the pro-Russian Putin in the arm. And in this context, progressive voices struggle to be heard. If the left is laminated, there remains a strong union resistance. This is particularly the case of UPF, with nearly 7 million member-es and holds increasingly critical discourse doubling from one side toward Russia for its annexation of the Crimea, and the the other to the Ukrainian anti-social policies. Note also that the Confederation of Independent Trade Unions of Ukraine (KVTU), which defended the nationalist positions before the crisis of November 2013, has been gradually adopted more favorable positions in social struggles and opposing austerity policies and the destruction of public services.

Russia is probably the country that has most used the strong state, but Ukraine and the EU are far from being perfect democratic antithesis that wants to sell us. The policy of these moves increasingly into a gray area, more draconian qu'émancipatrice.

Laurent Esquerre (AL Paris-Nord-Est) and Nestor Koutz (friend of AL)

[ 1 ] Savchenko, Ukrainian pilot held prisoner in Russia and sentenced to 22 years in prison for the murder of two Russian journalists (murder she accepts responsibility), was released in late May as part of prisoner exchanges in Russia and Ukraine. She was part of the battalion Aidar and it is celebrated as the Joan of Arc Ukrainian as by the extreme right as by the government.

To read this article in full: www.alternativelibertaire.org


http://www.alternativelibertaire.org/?Ukraine-Entre-le-marteau-et-l
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