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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #261 - Colonies: Social aid, weapons of mass destruction (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Tue, 31 May 2016 13:46:14 +0300


Social aid paid by the French colonial government in Guyana, Mayotte and elsewhere are responsible for a sharp drop in traditional activities. This is, nor to idealize indigenous cultures or shouted down the nets, often essential to the survival of smaller, but it must still point their responsibility in this acculturation. ---- Amerindians and Maroons[1] Guyana have resisted for three centuries to the various French colonization attempts. They fought when the guns facing them, and they triumphed. Maroons blacks fled the plantations to settle hidden society of free men in upstream rivers. Native Americans have long baffled the settlers who were unable to make them work either under duress or minting equipment. Only the holy Catholic Church has succeeded with its missionaries and no alcohol trouble some conversions.

Social cohesion is crumbling.

Yes but now, the emergence of social benefits in 1960 could well be the fatal blow to this stubbornness to remain wild happy outside the European model. Give free enough to support themselves with these people causes a sharp drop in traditional activities on the river or in the woods. Individuals who no longer indispensable role in their society for fishing, hunting, agriculture and crafts, this is the cement of the family and social cohesion crumbles. Not sure that this Trojan has been premeditated by the French legislature. After all, it seems that hell is paved with good intentions.

Were grafted from other perpetrators of acculturation of indigenous peoples: the war in Suriname, social housing that prevent traditional life, school with syncretism and forbidden to speak the native language, the massive evangelization the public hospital forget traditional medicines and local pharmacopoeia, French law with its borders and its interference with freedom of movement and settlement, alcohol ...

Jean-Marcel Huraults, geographer following these peoples since 1946 has seen over the decades gradually disintegrate these rich companies that we would have so much to learn in terms of participatory democracy[2] For him no doubt, these are family allowances and guilty school. "Once the Maroons would work in Paramaribo few months a year and when we acquired the required sum is returned. From one year to another one changed pattern to avoid binding, to avoid becoming an employee. This freedom was work-related. It was the freedom of men who had conquered this freedom. That's why they were very slow to get caught up in the values of the current system say modernity. "[3]

By the 1970s, he asked the French authorities to stop this aid and schooling to stop the lightning acculturation. Without effect. Today René, Creole-Amerindian Wayana, "young people are torn between traditional values and appeal to the consumer society. They want to know what TV shows them taste it. For that you need a regular cash income. "Now that the point of no return is crossed, remains to be seen what syncretism can give subversive among new generations Guyana.

Resistance to Westernization

In Mayotte, several oceans away, the question of acculturation arises. The French establishment there, more recent, is not as advanced in Guyana. Departmentalization of March 2011 and the social benefits are much lower than the rest of the French territory[4]. The noise of resistance to Westernization, even dull it a few years ago, is beginning to be heard.

Context magazine

Potentiated by the discovery of income taxes, and closing of restaurants not to EEC standards, some Mahorais begin to tender more attentively to the speech of the Democratic Front. This party has been fighting since the 1970s for Mayotte remains Comoros. The party leadership refused to stand for French elections because it does not consider legitimate[5]. Hafidhou Ali, a member of the party, said that "the Mahorais through a severe identity crisis in our schooling we do not teach us who we are."[6]. Haidar confirmed that, as part of the 5% who voted no to the departmentalization of fear of denaturation. This Mahorais afraid to see, little by little, culture disappear but that fade ancestral links between the four islands of Grande Comore island, Anjouan, Moheli and Mayotte. "In search of my identity, I went to Moheli in 2000. Over there I found the welcome, hospitality and friendliness that disappeared here. "

The future is uncertain on this island where the population is still skeptical about the benefits of barter his identity against the French social aid. Wage inequality, hunting Comorians, welfare and lower taxes are the arrival of so many sparks in this context tinderbox. The question is when will turn the wick that united Mayotte and Comoros during riots against high living end in 2011.

Sirikalie Fikami

[1] The Maroons are the descendants of slaves who fled the plantations to develop their own free society of men in the forest, from the seventeenth century.

[2] For the Maroons: decisions taken by consensus in the presence of all members of each village, abolition of the death penalty in 1850 matrilineage, people's court ... For the Indians: land sharing, minimal work for subsistence, absence of private property, geographical separation of individuals in case of dispute rather qu'affrontement ....

[3] Quotes from the documentary Draw Me a border Genevieve Wiels, 38 minute.

[4] Evidence that all children of the Republic does not have the same value to the government, especially when they are black, Muslim and far from the metropolis: a metropolitan touch to Mayotte 458.02 euros in aid for its four children, while a Mahorais will see a mere 134.90 euros for the same number of children.

[5] Echoing the UN condemnations of twenty on the illegal presence of France in Mayotte, Comoros island.

[6] All quotes on Mayotte are from the documentary The Syndrome mahorais directed by Frédéric Lambolez and Jean-Marie Pernelle, Enquêteprod, 2015.

http://www.alternativelibertaire.org/?Colonies-Les-aides-sociales-armes
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