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(en) And after the riots in France... what next ?: interview with Alternative Libertaire (II) by Rupture Collective (RC)

Date Mon, 23 May 2016 14:04:11 +0300

In April of the current year, we released the first part of a series of interviews with fellow Alternative Libertaire in France, involving a serious analysis of the national struggle against labor code (Loi Travail) and the establishment of self - management in the French town after the huge distrust of the French state. Now, the various popular sectors are organized movement Nuit Debot and other regional and alternative proposals to the reformist parties and reformist union culture that has always co - opted the social strength of the working class and students. ---- We share the second part illustrating the work of the working class and libertarian groups after long days of direct action, sabotage and riots in the French streets. Because not everything is the art of disobedience... but the revolutionary and inclusive construction of a classless society!

As always, we thank all the members of AL and comrade Laurent of the International Commission has given us this direct to Spanish conversation. A hug to all who fight!


previous comments (RC): We have seen several videos on social networks in which acts of civil disobedience are shown in Nantes, France, such as blockades on the main streets and even some protesters managed to remove surveillance cameras. From Latin America we have followed closely some actions, texts and pronouncements that have made the most radical unions and libertarian groups. In some other notes, we saw that May 1st was a big protest.

1: After this day of struggle, what awaits the libertarian movement in France?

Libertarian, anti-capitalist and militant trade unionism organizations concentrate their efforts on the construction of the general strike and lock the perspective of the economy.

The law of destruction Labour Code (Loi Travail) is under discussion since May 3 in the National Assembly. Both CNT (CNT CNT-F and SO), Solidaires and part of unions CGT and FO press on the inter - union to achieve a common date in order to start a general strike movement with professional protest tactics. Also they take initiatives without waiting for the national inter - union which has seven unions (workers 4, 1 and 2 young students of secondary education) decided to act.

Part of this militant trade unionism has initiated the call On block tout! (Stop it!). This appeal has been signed by more than 1,400 union members and 100 local, provincial and national union structures. It plays an important role to encourage everyone sl @ s who want an offensive strategy that allows us win.

The date of May 18 begins to emerge. Several railway unions want to launch an unlimited strike especially against a proposed increase in working hours is very close to the project of destruction of the labor code. The CGT and FO road transport federations want to launch an indefinite strike from May 17. In the public finance sector and oil refineries, traditionally combative majority unions want to engage in this form of action.

It is positive but there are two types of difficulties. First, only the CNT and Solidaires defend a strategy of breaking with the employers and the state. The CGT, the first union in the country, is divided between very combative unions and before its congress in April, but more confederal secretary reformist left. And try to keep a balance between reformists and l @ s @ s more Embattled (something politically impossible).

Philippe Martinez, the secretary general of the CGT, said certain moments that workers have to discuss the general strike in companies, but the CGT does not want to discuss these actions in meetings of the Inter. We think that calls for general strikes are not enough to concretize. The absence of appeal does not help organizations to develop such a strategy.

Another difficulty. It is very difficult to build a mass movement. There is a protest movement in youth, in businesses, and in the streets with movement Nuit Debout! which is not limited to the issue of the Labour Code. But at the moment there are fewer people on the street and on strike in 2010 in defense of pensions.

The current protest movement to open a perspective of social transformation. In Nuit Debout assemblies there are debates about democracy, self-management, feminism, solidarity with l @ s migrants... But past failures and defeats weigh and explain the current difficulties.

2: How they have answered the 'mass-media, opinion leaders and citizens to the radical actions occurred on April 28?

Usually the 'mass media' seeks to criminalize social policy and through the stigmatization of hooded protesters clash with police protest. But part of this 'mass media' and especially the independent media and counter-information, the 'average militant', broadcast images, videos and texts that highlight the strategy of tension and the policy of terror government. Government lies and instrumentalization of violence are so obvious that the same police unions have revealed they have received orders to press demonstrations and provoking incidents.

The idea that violence is the capital and police progresses. It is shared by many French people.

Part of l @ s intellectuals up to now very silences @ s- wakes up and about unions and members of Nuit Debout movement to denounce police violence and repressive power politics. Most of l @ s @ s citizenship wants the government to withdraw its bill destroying the labor code. Expresses its discontent in polls rather than on the street. You have to build a majority of ideas for an alternative to capitalism and the establishment of voluntary self-management. The absence of a political project shared by l @ s @ s dominion explains the difficulty of building a mass mobilization.

3: After days of protests and riots, what do ?, and anarchist self-management projects now exist that the libertarian movement organized along with the various social sectors of the French people?

Currently the Nuit Debout movement as a movement of reappropriation of public space, allows discussion of self-management, develop self-organization and self-management of the struggle, also the occupation of squares with meetings, committee meetings, canteen, security against the police and attacks by the extreme right. It is a great experience for many people who were not so far in collective action.

This culture of self-organization is not the culture of most of unionism. There is a great mistrust of political parties and organizations generally. You can see in the Nuit Debout movement, but this agrees to work with organizations that respect their autonomy and independence.

Militants of Alternative Libertaire deal with otr @ s libertarians partidari s @ s of self - management to develop these ideas and practices in trade unionism, struggles, strikes, occupation of places in a context of strong repression.

In the city of Rennes (big city in western France) for example, we participate otr @ s activists with the occupation of the People's House. We open discussions on its role. Some @ s want to transform rather than life, otr @ s in a counter-power in the service of social struggles.

We participated for years in otr @ s experiences with militant libertarians s and social movements in several cities. I think, for example La Barricade (coffee and social center in Montpellier, southeastern France), La Rotisserie (a charity restaurant in Paris) or L'Etincelle , a library and community center in Angers (western France). They are centers of initiatives and counter-powers in connection with the struggles of these cities.

Today, the term "workers" and "working class" has been modified due to the extension of the service sector (government workers, the health departments, various trades) and other works and private telecommunications companies, fast food, entertainment, etc., especially by the so-called "post-industrial era."

4: How should approach the libertarian militants to all forms of current work so that workers can organize into a powerful political force ?, it is necessary to "modernize" the speech?

Capitalism strives to break up collective work with unemployment, casualization and the destruction of the minimum labor rights. The fight against the destruction of the labor code is an important moment of this capitalist strategy based on the historical division of labor.

Unionism does not exist in half of the companies and has many difficulties in organizing workers and s Precarious workers. The mass media and the educational system pressure to convince youth to be head of his own company.

The organized sector is the culture. A party affiliated unions and elsewhere grouped in the Coordination of intermittent and Precarious (CIP). This coordination is composed by radical activists, libertarians sy supporters of direct action.

The CNT, Solidaires and part of the CGT try to organize this part of the working class. There are also groups of migrant workers without papers seeking to regularize their status and combat their exploitation. Some of its members are union members. Their struggles allow to deconstruct the identity discourses against migrants and allows show that the ruling class specializes in dividing us not only with the common and cultural racism, but a class racism which includes unemployed, unemployed, precarious workers or not, French or migrants.

It is clear that for us the working class is not only that of l @ s @ s obrer industry. Rebuilding a class identity must include the different components of the working class and join with the struggle against cultural oppression and gender.

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