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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #259 - Essay: "Bureaucracy", (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Thu, 5 May 2016 12:03:57 +0300

The last book of David Graeber evil carries its French title, Bureaucracy. The original title, The Utopia of Rules (Utopia rules), did not sell a sum of knowledge heavy, monolithic but rather an original argument: the bureaucracy is perhaps one of the last utopias construction. ---- Graeber, in this book, the fact Graeber: it develops ideas, made detours, mobilizing much culture, ancient or popular, and never closes a debate. That is why his books are always emerge in the minds of Readers' questions but also frustration. ---- The most interesting thesis Bureaucracy is that neo-liberalism is characterized by a development of bureaucracy ever seen in history. This is the fundamental difference between liberalism "classic" of the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. The extension of state control to the most mundane aspects of life corollary that people get used to living in a straitjacket of rules, sometimes absurd, and think less and less to question them despite deep displeasure they generate. Especially, control of dimensions "apolitical" of our lives is misleading since it ends up making the political action and the constitution against-companies increasingly difficult.

Graeber notes however that this system of domination is ironic because if the control is central, efficiency too. Or the system prefers to appear effective as actually being. It's the eve observation sociologists work more workers can organize their own activities, they are more productive. Bureaucracy denies this desire for autonomy and resumes through the managerial discourse, the idea that efficiency is gained by always introducing more arbitrary rules. Financial capitalism therefore come to generate economic inefficiency by bureaucratic runaway.

Bureaucracy and opens doors to the advantage of easily read, even without sociological or anthropological culture. It offers a fresh look at the problem of bureaucratisation of our societies, a theme that deserves to regain its central role in the anti-capitalist discourse.

J. Clamence (AL Brussels)

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