A - I n f o s
a multi-lingual news service by, for, and about anarchists **

News in all languages
Last 40 posts (Homepage) Last two weeks' posts

The last 100 posts, according to language
Greek_ 中文 Chinese_ Castellano_ Català_ Deutsch_ Nederlands_ English_ Français_ Italiano_ Polski_ Português_ Russkyi_ Suomi_ Svenska_ Türkçe_ The.Supplement

The First Few Lines of The Last 10 posts in:
Greek_ 中文 Chinese_ Castellano_ Català_ Deutsch_ Nederlands_ English_ Français_ Italiano_ Polski_ Português_ Russkyi_ Suomi_ Svenska_ Türkçe
First few lines of all posts of last 24 hours || of past 30 days | of 2002 | of 2003 | of 2004 | of 2005 | of 2006 | of 2007 | of 2008 | of 2009 | of 2010 | of 2011 | of 2012 | of 2013 | of 2015 | of 2016

Syndication Of A-Infos - including RDF | How to Syndicate A-Infos
Subscribe to the a-infos newsgroups
{Info on A-Infos}

(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #258 (Feb) - Policy, Read: libertarian Challenges for the XXI century (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Wed, 30 Mar 2016 15:49:34 +0300

free electron unusual path and eclectic writings and stimulants, Philippe Corcuff, recent militant Anarchist Federation, published in October in the World libertarian publishing a book to rethink the emancipatory social criticism. Michael Löwy in its present critical but sympathetic reading. ---- Anarchist pragmatic social democrat libertarian, Philippe Corcuff is not an ordinary author: every book is an intellectual adventure, which gleefully plays of academic disciplines and policy disciplines. In a friendly and fun formula he defines himself as " a plumber emancipatory social criticism: cleaning some clogged pipes, giving a few hammer blows on battered pipes or desajustés, replacing some too old parts, trying new branches in place of other abandoned to improve the flow "...

Proudhon Dewey, through Holloway

Probably be accused of eclecticism. He proudly claims its diversity of sources, ranging from Proudhon to Dewey, through Holloway, Rancière and Balibar - and many others. One of his chapters is even titled "Marx / Wilde / Foucault / Onfray / Bourdieu"! But this eclecticism is only an appearance: Corcuff is a bee visits a flower infinity, but to make their own honey, its pragmatist anarchism sui generis.

I must say that its route is atypical: it starts at Ceres Chevènement, left wing of social democracy, continues movement of citizens of the same, but soon left for a brief stay with the Greens, followed a much longer involvement in the revolutionary Communist League - which he does not share Leninism - and its successor, the NPA. Finally, it is since 2013 that he found his happiness in the ranks of the Anarchist Federation. He withdrew from the path outside the norm, it is not regret, or resentment, but critical lessons (and self-critical!) For the future.

So in "anarchist neophyte" he reflects on capitalism, on the decrease, the equaliberty, or media criticism, from Proudhon and Bakunin, but also seeking libertarian bursts out of the anarchism, Marx, Rosa Luxemburg or John Dewey (the great American pragmatist philosopher). Compass in this risky navigation is " a pragmatic individual and collective self-emancipation leaving no retreat into the domination of steel cages ."

Avoiding both the nostalgisme the Presentism or futurism, he tries, like his friend Daniel Bensaid, think " the past and the future in the strategic field of this ." Critical of fixed and dogmatic solutions, it calls for a dialectic between ends and means, processes and ruptures, spontaneity and organization, reform and revolution. In discussing the various authors mentioned in the book, his method is explained there by a beautiful image, " rubbing flint to spray sparks of intelligibility ."

One of the most interesting food for thought regarding the place of the individual and individualism in an emancipatory project. Criticizing what he calls the " collectivist software " of the left, he refuses to oppose solidarity to individualism, referring, among others, Karl Marx himself, has he not written in the Communist Manifesto that " the free development of each is the condition for the free development of all "?

The most questionable aspect of this subtle and endearing book could be summed up with a name: Pierre-Joseph Proudhon. Certainly, one can find many interesting tracks in the author of Philosophy of Poverty (eg, federalism), but can we believe, as the friend Corcuff, it is more operative than Marx or Bakunin?

It is not only that Proudhon was, as Corcuff recognizes " homophobic, misogynistic, anti-Semitic and bellicist e" - nobody is perfect! - But he was also a fierce opponent of communism, in the broad sense of the term. Corcuff therefore opposes associative individualism Proudhonian the various revolutionary currents collectivist, whether libertarian Marxism dear to Daniel Guérin and Olivier Besancenot, or libertarian communism Makhno and supporters of his platform.

critical thinking with a hammer

But Proudhon's individualism is based, as Corcuff recalls the small private property, supposed to ensure individual freedom against the state ... I think this debate has been decided at the 1868 congress of the First International, with the adoption of the principle of collective ownership of the means of production; This resolution was adopted by an alliance between socialists, Marxists and libertarians - especially left Proudhonists like Eugène Varlin, future leader of the Paris Commune - against the opposition of "Proudhonists right" as Tolain (future Versailles).

Sympathy for Proudhon also led Corcuff to deal with some current too lenient Proudhonists like Michel Onfray, whose rightist drift becomes more and more evident.

Another notion of Proudhon which our friend is attached is " the balancing of opposites " that he opposes the Hegelian-Marxist concept of dialectical transcendence of contradictions. Or, as he himself acknowledges, the opposition between bourgeoisie and workers can not be the subject of a " balancing " any but rather an overflow in a post-capitalist framework.

But could one say the same of most contradictions of our society: for example, between capital and nature, between imperialism and the oppressed peoples, between patriarchy and women, between capital accumulation and the accumulation of misery?

I can not follow the plumber Philippe Corcuff in all connections of pipes he proposes, but I think most of its hammers are assénés the right place ...

Michael Löwy

Philippe Corcuff, Challenges for the XXI century libertarian , an anarchist by neophyte, Paris, Éditions du Monde Libertaire, 2015, 295 pages, 14 euros.

A - I N F O S N E W S S E R V I C E
By, For, and About Anarchists
Send news reports to A-infos-en mailing list
Subscribe/Unsubscribe http://lists.ainfos.ca/mailman/listinfo/a-infos-en
Archive: http://ainfos.ca/en
A-Infos Information Center