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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #262 - Independent service providers Internet: Libertarian fiber against Big Brother (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Tue, 12 Jul 2016 12:38:54 +0300

Against the commodification and monitoring implemented by the Internet service providers, independent and self structures are in place. Another story that the libertarian movement worker, but full convergence to develop. ---- Internet is magic: the click of my mouse to the arrival of my email to the other end of the continent, there is a second. And in between there yet also a whole world to manage pipes and how information flows in, starting with the access provider (ISP), which occupies a strategic position, since it is he who carries the flow to our home. ---- However, this position allows it to restrict access to certain sites (eg, YouTube is slow for customers of Orange, who has Dailymotion, a direct competitor of the American platform), to prevent the use of certain protocols anonymization, if not, what is more worrying to spy navigation to its customers and clients. So we can choose to rely on the honesty and pure intentions commercial giants Orange, Free, SFR, Bouygues and Numericable, or we can try to take control.

No clients and customers, as partner-es

And basically, that's the principle of independent ISPs members of the Federation French Data Network (FFDN). No clients and clients that are associated-that can access accounts, participate in technical committees, particularly to decide absolutely everything about the association in general meetings. This form of very concrete technological self-management is not situated directly in line with the long history of the libertarian movement worker, references and vocabulary are different, but enemies - Capital and State - are the same and the fact of convergences evident.

The difficulties are also the same, because as any cooperative and self-management structure, independent ISPs face a society that is not. They have to rent the pipes in Orange, haggle with intermediaries operators, etc. In some cases, the state completely blocks access to small associations to allow pride to monopolies or oligopolies: the law prohibits such small suppliers to install small-scale fiber and requires capital investment gigantic several years to get right.

Multitude of local ISP

French Data Network (FDN), founder of the federation of the same name, thus provides the Internet to scale, but on the whole of France anyway, for over twenty years. With the importance that acquired the digital and awareness of the risk of its exploitation by the dominant, FDN has grown so large that it was no longer possible to guarantee the participation of each and every one of its members. He then "spun" into a multitude of local ISPs share the same values: Franciliens.net (Paris region), Alsace Neutral Network, Auvernet (Auvergne), Nice Data Network, Tetaneutral (Toulouse), etc., some with a few hundred members, others just a handful.

When there is time and energy to the volunteers of these associations, after pointing bills, completed the good ADSL lines of commands configured servers and helped handicapped-es comrades mulot to submit their machine on, independent ISPs also militate against mass surveillance. In July 2015 has been adopted and promulgated the famous "watch law" allowing intelligence services to spy massively, without distinction and without prior judicial authorization, data flows across the network, and with the help major ISPs.

Note, incidentally, that by its statutes, only the NDF AG or all of its members, is able to be imposed on the installation of these indiscreet black boxes; This might not go unnoticed. Against it and the train of abuses digital freedoms permitted by the state of emergency (just extended by two months), NDF and other specialized associations such as Quadrature du Net provide technical expertise to analyze legislation and raise awareness of the risk they represent.

The fight also requires technical devices. Thus, independent ISPs are a major Internet Relay Brick anonymisante a solution for subscriber-art commercial suppliers who do not have the ability or inclination to take a subscription to the Federation. This small box that plugs into the box Free, Orange, or other, is primarily designed to pass all Internet flow into or out by a third party provider of trust, registering the least possible data on its users and-using, making it almost unusable past, putting spokes in the wheels of the authorities require to access them, and taking all decisions in AG (a supplier of FFDN for example!).

This strategy, called VPN (Virtual Private Network) requires a subscription of about 10 euros per month and the purchase of the box that still costs 60 euros. But then your big malicious operator and in direct line with the DRI will be hard pressed to know where you go rummaging on the Internet. Independent ISPs are responsible for configuration or organize "install-party" for technical incompetence afflicting less geeks among us is not a barrier.

So yes, for now the goal is modest and there are many constraints: on one hand, the state and the market are a hindrance to the other, collective, as elsewhere, are with the means at hand that form gradually the price of some mistakes, struggling to mobilize. However, if the company would one day no longer be controlled by the art but take control of it, into an environmentally friendly way, inclusive, egalitarian, in the service of individual and collective autonomy, it would certainly pass by structures like that.

Marco (U 92)

Site: www.ffdn.org/fr

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