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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL Decembre - COP21, one year on: Resisting the Gravediggers of the Planet (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Wed, 28 Dec 2016 11:22:30 +0200

Apart from some tentative advances in ecology, the post-COP 21 has mainly resulted in inconsistent announcement effects. It is necessary to remember the stakes of the climate issue and to continue the struggle. ---- We knew we could not expect anything from COP21, heads of state, business leaders and financiers. Yet the media hype and militant activism provoked by the event had raised awareness among the population. But the news - attacks, a state of emergency and imperialist wars - had the effect of evacuating the climate concern, in favor of a climate of fear and authoritarianism. It is time to change the social climate, not the climate. For this, a brief reminder is necessary. ---- Insufficient official solutions ---- The target set by COP21 was to avoid global warming of 2 ° C or more. A 2 ° C warming would imply a decrease in agricultural yields (famines for 200 000 people), a lack of drinking water (1.8 billion people concerned), an increase in sea level (10 million people would be affected) , Extension of the malaria zone (50 million deaths), extinction of 15 to 37% of the living species. Beyond 2 ° C, the consequences would be even more dramatic: agricultural yields could collapse, the lack of drinking water could affect 4 billion people, the rise in sea level up to 300 million People, extending the malaria area 400 million people, extinction of living species (this sixth extinction is already under way) could threaten humanity itself.

To avoid reaching both 2 ° C, global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions should be reduced by 25% by 2020 and by 80% by 2050 (compared to 1990 Increased since). For the "developed" countries, the main emitters of GHGs, the objective would be even more important: to reduce emissions by 40% by 2020 and by 95% by 2050.

For France, the main sources of GHG emissions are transport (about 28%), agriculture (21%), industry (18%), housing and the tertiary sector (18% Energy (12%), waste and other (3%). Deforestation, which would be responsible for a 17% increase in global GHG emissions, also has an influence on global warming.

The official solutions - mainly geo-engineering and greenwashing - will be largely insufficient. Drastically reduce the overall consumption of raw materials and energy. This presupposes, at a minimum: the abolition of programmed and social obsolescence, disposable products, disposable packaging and overpacks; Development of short circuits, transport and utilities, soft technologies (low tech), improvement of the insulation of the habitats, production giving priority to the most basic needs. Beyond that, certain social choices will certainly be necessary (eg, dropping digital, or conservation with compensatory abandonments in other areas).

Such changes will necessarily contradict the logic of capital. To ensure its growth, capitalism must always produce more, consuming more and more material and exploiting ever more labor power. Always producing with proportionately less labor power, capital is already struggling to recover, generating a deep systemic crisis. If it pursues its desperate course of recovery, it will necessarily lead to major ecological crises: scarcity of resources, thus cessation of the system and brutal recession, or extinction of species leading to that of the human species itself. If, conversely, ecological needs are seriously taken into account, the resulting measures will only aggravate the economic crisis. To limit the scale of global warming, we must leave capitalism!

States are showing increasing authoritarianism: liberticidal laws, the use of a prolonged state of emergency, a surge in extreme rights, reflect a trend towards the establishment of potentially permanent states of emergency. With capitalism, ecological constraints will apply in the sense of class justice. The better-off classes will always have access to high consumption, material and technological comfort, and the most favorable residential areas; The poorest will have to adapt to extremely degraded material conditions. Such a situation would entail numerous social challenges. The repressive and liberticidal arsenal developed without limits by the present states will be an ideal tool to break the social revolts and to establish the order of class in context of ecological crisis. It is therefore necessary to struggle without any further delay for a libertarian society where decisions will be taken at the grass roots, in the sense of interest and well-being, and not by elected representatives who represent only themselves and Defend their class interests.

According to the UN, the number of climate refugees would rise to 250 million by 2050. By comparison, according to the United Nations, the current number of refugees would be 65 million. The European capitalist states are already surpassed by the one million Syrian and Syrian refugees. How will they manage, in the coming decades, the much larger influx of migrants and climate migrants? With the current trend, nationalist, racist and xenophobic reactions will multiply. Against this inhuman society, we must defend freedom of movement and settlement, international mutual aid and the prospect of a cosmopolitan society! Global warming reflects the global systemic crisis. The response must be translated into anti-capitalist, self-governing, anti-racist and internationalist struggle. At global crisis, global struggle!

Floran (AL Marne)

The COP22 in Marrakech

The famous Paris agreement of the 21st Conference on Climate (COP21) entered into force on November 4, 2016, while COP22 (November 14-18 in Marrakech) presented itself as the conference of its implementation , Although it opened on the election D. Trump, self-proclaimed enemy of any environmental measure. Moreover, the measures promised in Paris from economic transition to a less consumer model do not come, crushed under a system of growth, consumption and competition unchanged. What is the value of this umpteenth Marrakech COP? A pure diplomatic product, where the communities most affected ecologically try to claim, via the too meager global funding, their due to the powers that destroyed their ecosystems, while emerging countries like India negotiate like the others their right to pollute . On the sidelines, opponents and opponents of COP22 held an important mobilization, against fossil energies, or making the link between migration and ecological issues. But the only realization, without the power, has no concrete effect.

* Interesting articles about projects and laws that must decline climate goals, as well as their obvious difficulties, the sites www.euractiv.fr .

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