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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #260 - The livestock crisis symptom of a destructive agricultural model (fr, it, pt) [machine translation]

Date Fri, 22 Apr 2016 09:36:35 +0300

Months pass and the farming crisis continues. Despite the large sums released by the State, breeders and ranchers are not out-es of the rut. ---- Facing the farming crisis that never ends, the government announced in early March action: blank year in social security contributions, debt erasure order to still invest and increase productivity and competitiveness ... But it are only temporary measures, they are ineffective as a structural crisis of overproduction, the same source is the disappearance of regulatory tools at European level, quotas among others. ---- peasant anger ---- The only proposed route is the headlong rush towards industrialization: increase investment, the size of farms, production. It's the same small liberal refrain that we hear for months. A European leader is reassuring: "The market will eventually regulate itself. "The regulation of the market means that a number of small and medium farms will go bankrupt, and thus compensate for the increased production of the largest. That is the reality. The market regulation is a social disaster, human and economic. The invisible hand cleaned up our campaigns

The last European negotiations "crisis" of the mid-March did not question this approach. While there may be some temporary regulations, there will be no collective measure throughout the European Union.

Contestation and peasant actions have been more or less intensity in recent months but the anger remains the same. FNSEA, the majority union which organizes the vindictiveness facing a dramatic situation, blows hot and cold. A portion of the claims brought is populist and fuzzy, "too many burdens," "too many standards." You can put different realities behind these watchwords. Indeed, some maintain standards and peasant agriculture farm, others want to impose an industrial vision. Two visions of agriculture therefore face in their implementation. Or just another part of the claims of the businessman's union Xavier Beulin goes in the direction of increasing industrialization (investment, automated slaughterhouses ...), which will only make the livestock crisis. On the one hand the FNSEA stirs protest, but on the other, she oversees claims for profit.

Peasant Confederation fights hand to restore regulatory tools to return to decent prices. This is the only short-term solution to avoid bankruptcy for many peasants. A claim shared by many of the farmers and breeders are concerned, but the peasant union trouble to succeed. Involved, difficulty drill mediatically but especially orientation and union strategy not enough offensive in the regions most affected by the crisis.

Taking criticism of industrialization

We can not find appropriate solutions to this crisis only through a critique of the agricultural model that was set up. For several decades, the way of "progress" has dominated the whole development of agriculture expansion, investment in more efficient tools and machines, thrust selection on livestock to increase productivity ... This unique ideology is required in all areas, agricultural training to the technician who comes adviser on the farm, through the accountant, banker, neighbors, co ... When everyone works in one direction, it is difficult to change path. That's how many generations have found themselves locked in a very export-oriented system that wanted to play on the international markets. Ideological choices but also geopolitical led to the establishment of this model. A country with a very export-oriented agriculture has an important weight in the international arena. And a number of farm leaders have contributed to the transformation of cooperatives in food multinationals, which now have policies against farmers. Stuck in this model, they are paying now adding salt. But analysis of the link between the production model and the crisis that we know is not worn by everyone in the country Confederation. In some departments, the union has the means to lead a political front, more ambitious, but it is necessary to assume that policy coherence.

Produce to win export markets implies an industrial system. We must make large volumes at low cost. Between the monstrous investments, fluctuations in market prices and cooperatives that compress regular prices paid to producers, farmers and farmers are cutting back on their income to keep a semblance of economic stability. We are in a situation where people supposed to feed people are actually working to feed the financiers and speculators, whose profits are linked to international transactions on agricultural matters.

The power at the heart of agricultural production

There is therefore a need to return to the debate from the center the direction of agricultural production. This may seem trivial but it is imperative to give it a dietary goal. Because if we produce to feed the population, then we have that production is consumed locally. She does not need to cross the planet for that. If we work to feed the population, then we must produce quality food and therefore of farmers and many farmers on preserved land. If the primary objective of agriculture is food, then you have to change agricultural policy!

Georges Claas (AL Var)

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