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(fr) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #259 - 2006 revolt Breath (en, it, pt)

Date Wed, 13 Apr 2016 09:30:06 +0300

Designed by the Villepin government as a "response" to the 2005 riots and youth unemployment, the law called for equal opportunities and the First Employment Contract (CPE) caused one of the largest mobilizations of youth educated recent decades, which ended with the withdrawal of the second. Back three months of struggle, challenges and successes. ---- On 27 October 2005, Zyed Benna and Bouna Traoré died in a substation while trying to escape the police, the starting point of riots in poor neighborhoods. Indecent response from the government, it is the law called for equal opportunities (LEC), announced on 10 January 2006 by Prime Minister Dominique de Villepin. ---- 16 It adds that it will include the CPE employment contract reserved for under 26 which extends to two years the trial period during which the employee may be dismissed without cause. This is the replica of the new contract hires (CNE), adopted in August 2005, concerning him all the workers in firms with less than twenty wage earners. In parallel, the government intends to fight against youth unemployment has drastically reduced the positions in the competitions of education.

It's coming from the West

The CPE is condemned by all wage earners unions, and a wide collective of student unions, political youth organizations and associations meets three days later. For several weeks, the students union lead a mobilization of daily work, unaware that they prepare what will be one of the largest strikes the educated youth.

On February 7, after the first inter-action day, the University Rennes 2 vote the strike and occupation with total blockage. After February 7, the interprovincial Inter announces a new day only on 7 March.

Students and students will first organize one-es, with delegates that rotate in the other universities. The strike began in smaller towns, where study more class children, who already know the precariousness in the jobs they hold alongside their studies (for more than one student in two). Where trade unions are present struggle - South Student, Student Union Federation (ETUF), CNT - the UNEF is marginalized and necessary practices that will save the movement.

Beyond the events, students and soon the secondary school students are mobilized es daily basis in equity-ax blows that attack symbolic places of political and economic power, creating a climate of permanent agitation.

On 14 February, 10,000 protestors occupy and the ways of Rennes Station. The fight is self-organized: decisions are taken in the general assemblies that meet in some cities, several thousand people. In blocked universities, occupation and actions are self-managed by committees. The first national coordination takes place with the mandated es AG in Rennes on February 18, according to an organization that multiplies the dates of events and coordinate economic blockades on the same days throughout France.

Massification, radicalization

In Île-de-France, the occupation of the Sorbonne on March 8 accelerates mobilization. It is evacuated by the police on the night of 10 to 11, then encircled by riot barriers behind which will be held every night of clashes with security forces. Driven by the educated youth, the wage earners' unions intensify the pace of action days, passing 28 March the milestone of 3 million protesters.

The movement has a favorable context: support of public opinion and hesitation of the government at the end of reign. Sarkozy, interior minister, does not support 100% a reform that could bring down his rival Villepin. Chirac announced March 31 that it promulgates the LEC but that the CPE will not be applied, which leads to wild protests including one, Paris, which continues until the next morning.

But the struggle mainly draws its strength from unity maintained somehow the Unef the autonomous movement - which then began its renaissance -, two poles between which the struggle of unions manage to hold a double line of massification and radicalization . Power are attempts to discredit the movement by denouncing the use of violence, which départagerait "good" and "bad" strikers.

On 23 March, Rennes marched behind a banner "We are all thugs", while in Paris the event, taken between police and groups that strike and steal the demonstrators, ends in chaos at the Invalides. The episode divided but mostly the effect of masking the massive participation in the struggle of secondary school students of neighborhoods, schools of pro ... And do not undermine the determination of the movement. April 10, Villepin was forced to announce the withdrawal of the CPE.

Failure or victory?

Despite attempts by the UNEF to restrict the claims to the only withdrawal of the CPE, the AG has wide platforms that challenge precarious work and require the removal of all the LEC. Of students are mobilized es until the 1st of May, despite the gradual release of universities. partial victory, then, but hope, with the first inter-fight winning since 1995.

Or the CPE represents one facet of the liberal treatment of youth unemployment: precarious supposedly to encourage companies to recruit. At the end of the movement the government quietly launched the offensive to the "professionalization" second facet, which takes in the idea that if young graduates are unable to find stable employment, it is not the market the work that is involved, but the university, which does not prepare the "corporate world".

In October 2006, a university employment commission makes the report Hetzel, promoter of submission training to the immediate interests of big business, and foundation of the law on the freedoms and responsibilities of universities (LRU) of 2007.

Francis Lopez and Julie (AL Saint-Denis)

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