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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #242 - Turkey: AKP colossus with feet of clay? (fr, pt) [machine translation]

Date Mon, 06 Oct 2014 10:33:27 +0300


Recep Tayyip Erdogan has won the presidential election in the first round with an absolute majority of votes of 51.8%, becoming the twelfth President of the Republic of Turkey (but the first directly elected). Yet the power of the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) was shaken by the attack on Taksim Square, there was just one year, and several other mobilizations[3]. The AKP is looking more and more like a colossus with clay feet. ---- Erdogan's opponents pales in these presidential elections the main opposition candidate Ekmelletin Ihsanoglu, a historian known for 70 years, who was also head of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) supported by Republican People's Party (CHP), various lines, and the Nationalist Action Party (MHP, far right) receives only 38.4% of the votes. The candidate of the ruling Peoples Democratic Party (HDP), Sellahattin Demirtas (supported by the Kurds and various leftist organizations, socialist, feminist and LGBT...) got 9.8% of votes. Other political power as the anarchists, the Communist Party and some far-left organizations boycotted the presidential elections, followed by more than ten million voters and voters. The triumph was expected for the AKP, which was designed to carry neoliberal reform-against Turkey.

The laborious birth of the AKP

The founders of the AKP started within the ruling National salvation (Milli Selamet Partisi), founded by Necmettin Erbakan, who wanted to create an Islamic common market, an Islamic currency (dinar) and initiated an Islamic G8 Developing- 8, bringing together Turkey, Iran, Pakistan, Indonesia, Malaysia, Bangladesh and Niger. In 1980, the Party of National Hi dissolved, like other political parties by the military junta. At the end of the military dictatorship in 1983, Erbakan founded the Welfare Party (Refah Partisi), which came to power in 1996 as part of a coalition. But January 16, 1998, the army forced Erbakan to resign and his party was dissolved for "activities against the principle of secularism." The old part of the party and the modernists who wanted to pursue liberal policies of former President Turgut Ozal give rise to the Virtue Party (Fazilet Partisi), immediately dissolved by the Constitutional Court.

The fourth attempt will be good. This time, in departing from the figure of Erbakan, and in alliance with other right-wing parties (the Motherland Party, Democratic Party Turkish...), the "reformers" in 2001 founded the Party Justice and Development Party (AKP), which has been in power since 2002 thanks to a union that is a Liberal party of the extreme right, to religious communities, the AKP was formed over time as a hegemonic bloc in conflict with the other two blocs: the Kurds and the Kemalists[1].

Responsibility for military

Among the many factors of success of the AKP for more than a decade, there first has the policy of the army following his coup in 1980 While claiming Kemalism and warrantor secularism, she focused particularly extreme left organizations and the workers who were then threatening movement. To restructure the Turkish economy for the benefit of financial institutions and multinational companies, as the dominant global economic power, it was necessary to eradicate or control the labor movement and the revolutionary organizations. Thus, "economically, there is a conservative neoliberal revolution interventions of public power are reduced in favor of export growth that has led to the emergence of a new social class, the conservative Anatolian bourgeoisie. This is one of the main electoral support for the AKP "[2].

But the hundreds of thousands of arrests, hundreds of death sentences, the thousands of retrenched civil servants, and the prohibition of parties were not enough. We had to form a new youth, religious, nationalistic and loyal to the principles of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. Based on a Turkish-Islamic synthesis, the junta established a Council of Higher Education (YOK), which oversees and monitors the academic field to impose this new ideology and erase traces of the revolutionary movement. This is the youth of the 1980s that is now the electoral base of the AKP.

But Erdogan's party did not put forward the ideology, preferring to talk about his stewardship in his town halls. This is why, despite the corruption that reaches the government, many Turks arrive to answer: "they fly, but certainly at least they work." On the other hand, the AKP received support from some of the Kurds and Alevis in coming to power through promises democratic opening, resolving the Kurdish question, freedom for non-Muslim minorities, Alevis etc. Erdogan's goal was also to meet the Copenhagen criteria to enter the European community. But the authoritarian tendencies, discriminatory statements and broken promises have largely blunted these supports.

The beginning of the end...

Despite the last electoral success opens doors to Erdogan a presidential system that would guarantee its absolute power, one might think that the best years of the AKP increased. Economically, an unemployment rates which is increasing the budget deficit, debt not only of the state but of the whole society, inflation, corruption, etc. put in trouble and discredit the power to Erdogan. Although the absence of serious opposition still directs many voters and voters to the AKP, the abstention rate (more than ten million people, half of Erdogan's score), 10% of Democratic Peoples and the numerous strikes and mobilizations party, we show that a left-wing opposition is taking shape. A social front based on class struggle but not excluding other struggles (feminist, environmental, national and religious minorities...) could give a fatal blow to the AKP government and bring out a power against the face neoliberal capitalism.

Cem Akbalik (libertarian socialist militant Kurdish)


[1] Mustafa Kemal, known as "Atatürk" is considered the "father" of the Turkish Republic in 1923, rebuilder of the state against the dismemberment of the Ottoman Empire.

[2] See Lucie Drechselová and Joseph Richard, "In Turkey, the spectrum of the coup in September 1980"

[3] See "Turkey rewrote history" in Alternative libertarian No. 241, Summer 2014.
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