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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #244 - ecology, Industrial wind: The wind is money (fr, pt) [machine translation]

Date Fri, 28 Nov 2014 18:16:21 +0200

Under the pretext of development of renewable energy, wind turbines grow and multiply. But the benefits are rather financial and ecological. ---- Capitalism, again, is very hard to recover and divert all that could help transform society. The wind could be a solution to climate change and a tool for individual autonomy and territories, with little wind and cooperative individual or communal farms of reasonable size. All this coupled with other sources of renewable energy, especially in a significant reduction in energy consumption. ---- But capitalism has decided otherwise, and turned it into a huge industry sector representing a wealth of additional benefits for large groups of energy. So much for ecology. ---- The most striking example of this logic in France is the proposed construction of three offshore wind farms off the coast of Normandy. These parks, 125 wind turbines each, will be the work of a consortium of Areva, GDF-Suez and Vinci, names that are chilling. And permits were granted without any any knowledge about the environmental and social impact of parks of this size, offshore wind is not in its infancy. Not to mention that France has no expertise in the matter: no driver park, little training in this area, no pool training hard for the maintenance of these machines as there are in Germany. But no matter, our beautiful multinationals take care of everything!

As a matter of

I must say that the wind is big (otherwise, these multinationals do not appear be interested!)... With the support of the state. In fact, EDF is forced to buy the "green" electricity at a higher than market price, to encourage the development of this sector. This grant is paid by all taxpayers, via the contribution to public service electricity (CSPE), which is increasing and is already more than a hundred euros per year on electricity bills.

But wind power is big business as landowners: in different places, you can rent his land for the installation of a wind turbine between 5,000 and 10,000 euros per year. If you have a large plot of land on which you install 10 wind turbines, you'll win more than 100,000 euros per year. Paid by the taxpayer, since everyone uses electricity.

This also gives rise to trial for conflict of interest, since many elected rural councils allow wind turbines on their communes, which are then installed, coincidentally, their land and relate them thousands of euros!

But it can also lead to land speculation, with property developers who bought land for rent to electricity producers. At the same time, residents of the parks suffer the decline in value of their property, between 20 and 30% on average, because who would buy a giant 150-meter steel hums continuously face? Not to mention the evidence of corruption, reluctant to install a park under the table lamp offer beautiful are "compensation".

And the environment in all this?

But apart from generating money that benefits those already in the industrial wind he generates only progress for the environment? As the studies produced emanate only industrial sector, it is still difficult to get a clear idea. However, more and more critics are heard.

On the one hand, wind turbines now reaching excessive heights, they extremely heavy and deep foundations need 800 tons of steel and concrete, some of which remain in the soil after dismantling.

On the other hand, every industrial wind contains more than 600 kilograms of rare earth metals from whose production is more than 90% in China. The AFP has published its 2011 survey The Ravages of rare earth in China showing the dramatic impact of production processes that are particularly explode the number of cancers among workers and residents of farms.

Finally, a study of the Spanish Ornithological Society estimates that 6-18000000 birds, and more bats die every year because of the 18,000 wind turbines installed in Spain. This leaves the field open for insect proliferation, and could affect the final agricultural production.

The energy, the common good

Above all, it is the use of wind power as a solution to climate change which is increasingly challenged. Because wind is intermittent (depending on wind conditions), the compensation is done by energy production is easy to modulate: thermal coal or gas power plants. In the current logic high energy and huge consumption power grids, wind power is thus necessarily accompanied by CO2 emissions.

France, which now has about 5,000 wind turbines, thus saw the flowering of collective industrial wind against this pest, trying to prevent the planned installation of additional equipment 15,000 in the coming years. These struggles often denigrated for Nimby ( Not in my backyard "not in my backyard") and make the play of the nuclear industry, however, raise the question of industrialization and privatization of renewable energy, all with respect sectors: solar, biomass, biogas, etc.

This logic must be broken, so that the energy becomes a common good whose production and distribution will be managed collectively within ecological limits of the planet.

Jocelyn (AL Gard)
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