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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL - Interview with Camille, voluntary mower (fr, pt) [machine translation]

Date Wed, 19 Nov 2014 14:59:40 +0200


"The moratorium on GMOs is ridiculous" ---- With over 6000 members, the volunteer movement Reapers fulfilled his vow of Origin: enlist civil society with farmers and researchers to contain the seed offensive in France. At what price and for how long? ---- Where is the legislation on GMOs? Does the moratorium on Monsanto 810 maize is done, and what are the effects of the 2008 Act? ---- Today, in Europe, all GM seeds listed in the catalog of seeds, only MON810 maize is grown commercially. In 2014, the TC1507, a new corn of the US firm Pioneer was cleared, which could make his arrival in France in the spring of 2015 if nothing is done to counter it. Other cultures are not so far that crop trial or basic research.

Many European countries such as France have adopted a moratorium on MON810 (and sometimes on all GMO crops). For us, this moratorium was broken twice by the State Council. A third measure prohibiting emergency was taken March 15, 2014, a priori more robust in its legal construction. The Council of State has to decide on it in the coming weeks (he admitted the concept of emergency). Until then, the cultivation of MON810 in France is illegal, which does not prevent Monsanto to condition in its factories as Trebes Aude or to circulate. Monsanto has consistently enjoyed the intricacies of European law to force through (eg a catalog entry entitlement to a de facto ban grow up), and he will return. The current moratorium on GMOs is fragile in addition to being ridiculous, concerning only one seed while we want a moratorium on all GM crops in the field, and stopping imports of GM animal feed. Our movements contain painstakingly offensive multinationals.

As for the GMO Act of 2008, has denounced the weaknesses from the start. It is a law of coexistence of GMO and non-GMO, gold for us coexistence is impossible because of the uncontrolled spread. Transferring into French law the European Directive 2001-18, this law does not apply to new GMOs from mutagenesis. In short, it is a totally inadequate text. There is still much room for disobedience actions on these fronts and fields.

Can you detail the past actions?

Lobbies biotechnology and seed attack like a steamroller to Europe, where many resistance since the late 1990. We operate on multiple fronts, always in line with the local conditions of each of our groups: actions against companies and their lobbies (Monsanto, Pioneer, the General Association of Corn Producers ...) denunciation of this deadly agricultural model for our countryside and farmers, mowing "trial" no patents on living , promotion of biodiversity ... and 2014 was very rich! In January we occupied the factory coating of Monsanto seeds in Trebes to flush prohibited seed thwart his inclination to sow MON810 enjoying a French legal vacuum in early 2014, and also to denounce a new extension this strategic site for Monsanto.

On imports of GM animal foods (80% of the world's cultivated GMOs) September saw two simultaneous actions in Lorient (see photo) and Rennes, one for "poison" a stock of soy for livestock, the another full meeting of livestock feed from Brittany (Nutrinoe) manufacturers to force them to hear our arguments against GMO feed. And we continue to test regularly cornfields across the country to detect possible illegal crops.

In this context, the vigilance was directed towards what you called the new GM?
Yes, to tolerate pesticides and herbicides, agricultural crops genetically modified (GM) in the 1990s were from transgenesis, the direct introduction of foreign genes into those of the plant. Today, it accelerates the process of evolution: to develop the appropriate genes, it bombards of what it is to resist, as many generations as it takes to create it herself the same gene. This is the mutagenesis. The 2001-18 European directive called the GM "mutant plants", but without subjecting them to regulation. Objects laboratory in 2001, thirteen years after they arrive. It's hard to hear it with the agricultural world that are genetically modified organisms threatening other plants. They contain novel genes, synthesis, that nature could have produced so quickly. They are not tested for their impact on health and their use has been shown to contribute to the strengthening of all weeds (weeds then invading cultures despite ever more herbicides).

We focused on these "hidden GMOs", mostly varieties of rapeseed and sunflower, in 2011, with more shares per year on such cultures or tests believed to be. But investigations are longer, observe for months intercropping practices to identify them. Farmers in the debate moves slowly, mainly because these firms lie about GMOs.

What other background files you were talking about?

We always condemn the action of the INRA in promoting GMOs at the expense of organic farmers or industries (15% of its budget only). Recently we won the case of Colmar, following the destruction of their testing of transgenic vines in 2010 (test declared illegal by the Court of Appeal). And since 2012, we focus on their Genius project. In October, we held their local Avignon where it is developed. This is a project on new transgenic crops, including seven for food (wheat, corn, rice, canola, tomatoes, potatoes and apples). Form of public-private partnership, it combines five companies to finance (thus the direction of research), the remainder being borne by the public search for patents that are private. It is a misuse of funds in defiance of majority rejection of GMOs in France.
Another front for our movement, we have developed many international links within networks of farmers' seed saving, defense of food sovereignty, in the struggles against the patenting of life or invoking the output of the WTO. In all this, we converge with Spanish movements, Belgian, Indian, etc. Collectively and individually, we are anchoring and in global solidarity.

Reapers are invested against the Tafta?

Of course, since it requires logical that we are fighting already (pressure on the health and environmental standards, challenging the European labeling, attack the precautionary principle) and that if it passes, it will make a clean sweep of our efforts since 2003. But even without him, we have work to do, not to mention the always intense repression of our alert actions. Fortunately solidarity is one of our greatest strengths.

More information available on infogm.org and share videos on the Reapers TVbruits.org
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