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(en) Brazil, Organização Anarquista Terra e Liberdade - V Wheel discussion of Libertarian Education - "Cages or wings?" (15/11) by Piotr (pt) [machine translation]

Date Sat, 08 Nov 2014 15:13:37 +0200

On November 15, at 13h, in Occupation homeless Chiquinha Gonzaga (Rua Barão de São Félix, 110), the day EPG (Group of Popular Education) will hold its fifth wheel discussion of libertarian education. In the last session attended public school students, educadorxs, students of pre-university community organized by GEP in Morro da Providencia, and other comrades. ---- In the next section we will make discussions from the text Rubem Alves, "Cages or wings," ue reflects about public school education and imprisoning and education that favors freedom. ---- Put the text below: ---- Cages and Wings ---- Rubem Alves ---- Thoughts come to me in an unexpected way, in the form of aphorisms. I'm happy because I know that often also Lichtenberg, William Blake and Nietzsche were attacked by them. Say attacked because they appear suddenly, without preparation, with the force of a thunderbolt. Aphorisms are visions, they see, without explaining. Since yesterday, suddenly, this aphorism struck me: There are schools that are caged. There are schools that are wings.

Schools that are caged there for the birds unlearn the art of flight. Caged birds are birds under control. Caged, its owner can take them wherever you want. Caged birds always have an owner. No longer birds. Because the essence of the bird is in flight. Schools that are wings do not love caged birds. What they love are the birds in flight. There to give courage to fly birds. Teaching the flight, so they can not do because the flight is born within the birds. The flight can not be taught. Can only be encouraged.

This simple aphorism born of suffering, suffered, talking with teachers in schools. What they tell are stories of horror and fear. Din, shouting, disrespect, insults, threats... and they shyly for silence, trying to do things that bureaucracy determines to be made as to the program, make assessments... Listening to their stories, I saw a cage full of hungry tigers, teeth bared, claws on display - and tamers with their whips, making threats too weak to force tigers.

Feel joy when she left home to go to school? Pleasure in teaching? Love the students? The dream is to get rid of everything. But they can not. The iron door that closes Tigers is the same door that closes with the Tigers. Violent, the bird struggling against the wires of the cage ? Or will the still violent cage that holds? Violent teens? Or are the schools that are violent?

Schools will be caged ? I will speak of the necessity of schools saying that teens need to be educated to improve life. Accordingly. It is necessary that teenagers, who all have a good education. A good education opens the way for a better life. But I wonder: our schools are providing a good education? What is a good education? The bureaucrats assume without thinking is that students get a good education is to learn the contents of the official programs. And to test the quality of education, create mechanisms, tests and assessments, plus new tests developed by the Ministry of Education.

But is it? Does learning the official programs identified with the ideal of a good education? You know what a "digraph"? And know the uses of the particle "if"? The name of the enzymes entering the digestion? And the subject of the sentence "the Ipiranga Heard the placid shores of a heroic people the resounding cry"? What is the use of the word "mesoclisis"? Poor teachers also caged... They are obliged to teach what programs they send, know that it is useless. This is an old habit of the schools. Bruno Bettelheim recounts his experience with the schools: I was forced to study what the teachers decided that I should learn (!). And learn your way.

The subject of education is the body, because that is where life is. It is the body who wants to learn in order to live. It is he who gives the orders. Intelligence is an instrument of the body whose function is to help you live. Nietzsche said that intelligence was a tool and a toy body, Therein summarizes the educational program of the body: learning tools, learning toys. The Tools entas are skills that allow us to solve the vital problems of the day-to-day. The toys are all those things, having no usefulness as tools, give pleasure and joy to the soul.

These two words, tools and toys.- edos is the summary of education. Tools and toys.- edos are not cages. Are wings. The tools allow me to fly the ways of the world. The toys allow me to fly the paths of soul. Who are learning tools and play the freedom to learn are not is violent. Is joyful, seeing the wings grow... So any teacher, to teach, should ask themselves: That'll teach you, you tool? It's toy? If not, you better set aside. Official statistics announce the increase in schools and the increase of students enrolled. These data do not tell me anything. Do not tell me if schools are cages or wings.

But I know there are teachers who love their students of flight.

There is hope...

Rubem Alves
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