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(en) France, Organisation Communiste Libertarie (OCL) - Repression, Thugs and cops (fr, pt) [machine translation]

Date Sat, 08 Nov 2014 15:11:32 +0200

After the death of Remi Fraisse and clashes during the protests that ensued, it was necessary to put these events in a global context and to remember that the death of Remi is only one among many. ---- We publish two articles that analyze the meaning of the repression carried out by the state. To cope with the escalation of calls for repression against the "thugs" on behalf of the National Union which engage all parties it is good to remember that the police offensive is only one aspect of the offensive that business and deliver the ruling class against the dangerous classes. ---- It is this aspect that obviously want to hide all the "whistleblower". And especially ecologist EELV. It will be sufficient if the rumbles that they stand at attention to you.

After being roundly - and unfairly! - Villipendés by the government after the death of the Testet Remi Fraisse, environmentalists court did assault allegiance to the system not only dissociating themselves in advance of "thugs" and denouncing them and claiming they are punished after the events of Nantes and Toulouse! The terms used in the fight nothing to those used by all the Ministers of the Interior for 40 years by delivering on the carpet fantasy thugs from elsewhere.

It may very well have a tactical divergence (not present) or strategic (not right now) or even ideological (non-violence) with this kind of event. But it's not that they expressed. They shouted in the face of everyone "we are on the side of power and its cops." We are respectable people, respectful of the institutions in general, including police.

What is unbearable in the EELV position is that in the way they expressed themselves vis-à-vis the events of Sivens first, then Nantes and Toulouse is that they speak for First power.

Mathieu Rigouste:

Mathieu Rigouste activist, social scientist, working to disrupt the mechanisms of domination. In Police Domination (2013), he argues that "police violence is rationally produced and regulated by the state". According to him, the zadistes Testet are facing an "insurgency against police", which can be derived by "low intensity war". It distills an iconoclastic reading of events that led to the death of Rémi Fraisse.


Aparté.com: Place du Capitole, in the first tribute to Rémi Fraisse, reading "Police kills" on a banner. How would you describe the death of Rémi Fraisse?

Mathieu Rigouste: The banner read "Bouna and Zied (October 27, 2005), Timothy Lake (October 17, 2014), Remi Fraisse (October 26, 2014), RIP, police murders, neither forgiveness nor oblivion! ". October 27 because it was the anniversary of the death of Bouna and Zied in Clichy-sous-Bois fleeing the police, who started the great revolt of the working class neighborhoods of 2005. Because a week before the murder of Remi, October 17, is Timothy Lake who was killed by the BAC in St-Cyprien (Toulouse), in a supermarket and in the almost universal indifference.

"Police distributes the ferocity of the ruling classes"

It was exactly 53 years after the police killing of 17 October 1961, during which the Paris police killed dozens of Algerians fighting for the liberation of their people. The state propaganda and mainstream media produce a "national" official story and allowing legitimate operation of this industrial violence.

In the case of Remi, La Depeche du Midi got the ball mythomaniacs publishing this story of body found in the forest, leaving open the idea that the police had nothing to do with it, even it had collected. But we can demonstrate collectively by the People against-investigation and self-organized murders that police regularly against media that his violence is systemic, systematic and driven by political, economic and social structures. Police distributes the ferocity of the ruling classes..

Remi's death she was an isolated event, or it betrays a more general logic of police violence?

You have to put the murder of Rémi in a long history where the police is very clear for what it is: a state apparatus responsible for maintaining the economic, political and social (capitalist, racist and patriarchal) by use of violence.

"Faced with ZAD, Western fonts experiment with new devices against insurgency"

The police can recognize his masters, and distributes various degrees and forms of violence by class, race and gender of the people it controls. She has always beaten, mutilated and killed parts of the "population" of the capitalist city (miserable marginal prostitutes...). It maintains, in all the imperialist powers, a special relationship with the neighborhoods and the poorest working class, along with parts of the most segregated and most exploited proletariat, usually from immigration and colonization. It is responsible to dominate and submit banish social strata that would most interest to get rid of this system because they benefit the least.

"Police kills between 10 and 15 neighborhood residents per year on average"

The police and kills between 10 and 15 neighborhood residents per year on average. With the prison system and the harassment and police occupation of the street, it is a real business of "social cleansing" and crush all forms of popular autonomy.

Meanwhile, since the early twentieth century, the policing of "social movements" tended to minimize the risk of killing the upper strata of the working class, the working class aristocracy, the middle classes and the petty bourgeoisie precarious and radicalized.

The police killing of 'militants' remains to this day unique in the industry face police murders non-white poor. But the figures of Carlos Giuliani killed by police in Genoa in 2001, Alexis Grigoropoulos, killed in Athens in 2008, show that the police killing of "militants" tends to grow as the neoliberal restructuring of capitalism and safe operates.

Like all police crimes in neighborhoods, killing Remi is not a "mistake" not a fault, but rather the product of mechanical imposed, rational training, tactics and strategies legitimized and justified the top of the State unit into the actions of police officers performers, it is a state murder premeditated by implementing structures that made possible murder.

In Testet, CRS and gendarmes are almost ubiquitous. How do you understand the role of the police on the dam site Sivens?

Police apply tactics and strategies established at the intersection of political, economic and social power. As industry and governments investing in the dam project consider "worth the cost" to continue, despite the diversification and the rise of collective resistance, police repression increases the intensity.

"Western policies are able to instantly switch the police crackdown on low-intensity war"

Faced with ZAD and their reterritorializations forms of urban and rural struggles,, Western fonts also experimenting with new hybrid and modular devices against insurgency, that is to say where the police-military dimension of the grid, the entrapment and provocation is centered on a rural and forest operation theater but is also able to move quickly or simultaneously mode "Azur" (work in urban areas). Able to instantly switch from "policing" in "crowd control" of police repression to the low intensity war.

This is an opportunity to experiment with these devices but also to put "value" media-that is to say, to an experience of repression, a showcase for "excellence" in the "know French do "towards the international market security and policing. The hybridity of doctrines, equipment and personnel is a very high value on the market for defense and security.

"In Testet as in poor neighborhoods, the police is responsible for submitting all that resists"

Against the insurgency is also based on psychological methods of action, including protocols to divide the resistance by designating "internal enemies" that should be wary even bleed. In this case, the figure of the "thugs" and "violent" ("the furious robber" in the case of Timothy Lake) is used to demonize unconventional direct action, to hide the structural violence of power and promote face it mobilizations harmless and easily manageable.

Doctrines against insurgency call this mechanism "schismo-genesis": developing a schism, a separation in the resistant "population". This form of "psychological warfare" renovated based on the existence of sound boxes for this propaganda in the mainstream media and among political and union supplementary devices.

In Testet as in poor neighborhoods, the police is responsible for submitting all resistance to the expansion of the imperialist system. It should sweep all that hinders the movement of conquest and programs displacement and dispossession of lands and their habitant.es that capitalism uses to restructure.

Interview by Paul Conge


Posted by Ulyanov October 30, 2014

We have already presented two models of policing, the German model based on intimidation and police pressure and the French model, based on the delegation of part of police work with event organizers and repression posteriori. In recent years, these models have hardened more, with the introduction of new weapons such as grenade attacks whose use by the gendarmes killed Rémi Fraisse the Zad Testet of October 25, 2014, but also new methods, inspired by the uprising against military...

Hardening of policing at the European level

It started with the anti-globalization movement. It was an opportunity for protesters from across Europe to come together and fight together or confront the police. What is less known is that it was also an opportunity for different fonts to work closely and develop new methods of policing.

Thus, the anti-globalization protests were the pretext for the introduction of means fichages grids and unpublished, but also collaboration at European level police forces. These are border controls to prevent militants access to places of manifestation. It is also the blocking of entire urban areas such as the against-NATO summit in Strasbourg where the highway leading to the city and large parts of downtown were blocked by police.

This hardening of policing is more global, it is not about that counter tops altermondialists. For example, in England, from 1980, under the government of Margaret Thatcher, in a context of exacerbated social conflicts (miners' strikes, riots against the poll tax...), the policing hardens and will militarize. We see the emergence of units that have a culture of conflict and the maintenance of order harsh such as SPG ( Special Police groups ).

In France, it is possible to observe a similar cure. So Hacène Belmessous explains in his book including "Operation Suburb" there was a hybridization between military and police in maintaining order in the cities and popular neighborhood. Mathieu Rigouste trace of his hand in his book "The enemy within" a parallel between the methods of the war against insurgency implemented during the wars of decolonization and the recent changes in the law and order in sensitive Urban Areas. People are seen as likely to host an internal enemy and treated accordingly, as an inspired model of colonial wars.

New weapons and new laws

In France, the laws governing the maintenance of order was changed to allow the cure. This is the meaning of the revision of the Code of Homeland Security in 2011, and most of Decree No. 2011-794 of 30 June 2011.
It allows the use of firearms by the police without n ' there is a situation of self-defense. This means that it allows the police to legally use live ammunition on protesters, which can be useful to law enforcement in an insurrectional context, but is not applied today.
By cons, legitimate and commonplace the use of weapons to "non-lethal" fire (ie sensible not to cause death): rubber bullets and other derivatives, as well as grenades and grenade attacks désencerclement (those whose use caused Rémi Fraisse death.)

The introduction and the commoditization of these weapons of policing is the consequence of the new doctrine against the insurgency policing. They are always "non-lethal", that is to say, they are not designed to kill, even if they can. By cons, they are much more devastating to their victims. Mention may be made flashball that fires rubber bullets very powerful grenades "désencerclement" which have the same effect as the rubber bullets and saturate an area with pieces of rubber bullets and that really does not belong in lace. Finally, there is the offensive grenades blast that deafen, disorient and, at close range, can cause a lot of damage.

Maintaining the classic military-style repression order:
no rupture, but continuity.

The consequence of these developments is the creation of a gray area between maintaining the classical order and military repression, a continuity between "non-lethal" and deadly.

The direct result of the introduction of this new policing was an increased police brutality. Mutilations have become more frequent and no longer has eyes lost to fire rubber bullets (Link manifest flashball release). At the time of this writing, it's Rémi Fraisse who lost his life because of a grenade attack on the ZAD Testet.

These new laws are the materialization of a militarization of policing or rather a hybridization between police and military. Moreover, the army is formed to crowd control, allowing him to make policing abroad (eg Kosovo). It also allows them to intervene in France as permitted by law, since the Decree 2007-586 of 24 April 2007, which is chilling...

"Ultimately, they may be required for operations force requiring special security measures"

This hardening has several consequences. The first is to our disadvantage: the repression is much harder. The fact risk losing an eye, or even show up in life can be discouraging for or, which is very understandable.
On the other hand, one of the tactics of power was divided and non-violent protesters -violents. It's much harder to do when any protester could lose an eye. More vis-à-vis public opinion, it is much more difficult to delegitimize the "thugs" who throw stones that do not hurt the CRS, when "thugs" leave with injuries and deaths in their ranks.
Finally, increased police brutality may have the opposite effect: it can push people who initially would not have chosen violence to join the ranks of those who resist more difficult.

In any case, the ball is in our court.

Source: http://www.tantquil.net/2014/10/30/...
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