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(en) Brazil, União Popular Anarquista (UNIP) - Women who did not have time to be scared: Tribute to the anarchist revolutionary Fanya Baron Anisimova (pt)[machine translation]

Date Sun, 30 Mar 2014 07:52:34 +0300


The revolutionary struggle requires responsibility, discipline and conviction of socialism as the only way to emancipation of humanity. These three qualities were not lacking to Fanya Baron, who was also known for his generosity and courage. She was able to not only transgress the role imposed on women of her time, but also firmly confront the statist violence of the U.S. police, police of Tsarist and Bolshevik political police, without giving a minute. ---- Fanya was born in 1887 in Lithuania. Even in youth migrated to the United States where he met, in 1912, the anarchist baker and Aron Baron. Fanya passes to frequent anarchist circles and then meets the greats of anarchism as Lucy Parsons and Jane Adams. Logo acts on the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW). It is working in this organization for the first time facing police repression, being brutally beaten and arrested along Lucy Parsons and nine others dia17 in January 1915, when organizing an event to raise funds to strike.

Fanya In 1917, Aron and Boris Yelensky return to Russia in order to fight for the revolution. Go to Moscow where they work until the second half of 1918 when they decide to go to Ukraine. With the Bolshevik domination, the anarchist movement was fully confused and fragmented in Russia, while in southern Ukraine anarchism was the majority political force in the peasant movement, which guaranteed that period the autonomy of the Soviets there. Arriving in Ukrainian soil, Fanya participated as a delegate to the founding of the Ukrainian Anarchist Confederation (Nabat).

Starting from its operations in Nabat, Fanya begins to approach the Black Army led by Nestor Makhno's anarchist revolutionary, where he worked in the political and cultural education sector, where much of the anarchist movement of the time condemned the Black Army of Nestor Makhno and the figure . The Makhno policy represented the resumption of anarchism as a revolutionary direction, as it was conceived by Bakuninists. She contrasted the anarcho-communist conception conceived anarchism as an auxiliary of the revolution personified position in Russia in the figure and work of Peter Kropotkin who was in constant dialogue with the Bolsheviks. Inside the Nabat was also hostile to maknovistas sectors, who rejected a theoretical and practical break with the anarcho-communist revisionism. But Fanya, Aaron, Volin, Arshinov, Olga Ruvinskaia and other militants Nabat always committed and politically acted together with Nestor Makhno. Because of this relationship have become prime targets of the Bolshevik secret police, the Checka.

In 1920 the Bolshevik party begins the hunt for Makhnovists and their supporters, anarchists in classifying the "ideological" (propagandists and educationalists, who posed no danger) and "false anarchists" or "bandits" (revolutionaries). Were frequent statements in newspapers such as Leon Trotsky:

"They were just thieves and robbers who tarnished the name of anarchism. Anarchism is an ideology, even being utopian should be respected, but vandalism is vandalism ... "

It is during this period that Fanya is arrested by the Cheka with other anarchists in a conference held in Kharkhov on November 25, 1920. She was sent to prison in Ryazan until July 10, 1921, where can escape by fleeing to Moscow, being welcomed by a clandestine anarchist network. Out came to engineer the escape of Aron Baron and eventually recaptured at Brother Aron, who was a member of the Bolshevik Party, on August 17, 1921. You never knew if he gave or had agents deployed in the clandestine anarchist network.

On September 29, 1921 Fanya Baron, the poet Lev Tcherny anarchists and nine were found guilty of being "complicit in anti-Soviet acts" and shot by Bolshevik political police. Fanya did not follow orders and resisted bravely during the path to implementation. What Fanya left anarchism was a legacy of endurance, strength and consistency, without having taken any step back in revolutionary struggle, which should not only be remembered but also be followed.

Do not forget and do not forgive!
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