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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #236 - The anti-repressive Dico: What is censorship? (fr, pt)[machine translation]

Date Fri, 14 Mar 2014 19:48:32 +0200


Censorship seeks to prevent public expression (books, films, plays, speeches, port symbols ...). It may be the work of all power: thus, before the State, the Church has long been the first censor. Economic power through the control of the press and broadcasting, is without doubt the most effective today. ---- However, in a liberal regime, censorship is not supposed to exist: it is defined as the a priori control of public expression, which no longer exists in France since 1830 (except during the Second Empire, in time war and the theater until 1905). Note that the law of press control passed in 1955 with the state of emergency during the war in Algeria, has never been repealed. A democracy is normally merely a posteriori control the effects of freedom of expression. It can therefore condemn for disturbing public order, but also for the crime of "gross indecency."

Without being called "censorship", this verification is equally draconian or more a priori censorship is often ineffective. During the First World War, control of the press was so strict that the soldiers did not believe all the communication of the authorities. The indecency and the accusation of "pornography" helped convict writers (including the naturalist movement), but also publications explaining contraceptive methods. The effect is to cause fear among authors they censor themselves, but also among broadcasters (Radio France decided in 1975 not to publish the title "Hexagone" Renaud ...)

In the name of "disturbing public order" that "rogue" laws of 1893 and 1894 are voted against the anarchists conviction provocations "indirect" to illegal acts, can charge for "conspiracy "people who have verbally approved illegal and ban any expression deemed" anarchist "(the latter being the only law to be repealed in 1992 ...). If these laws have been effective in closing the then existing anarchist papers, it has failed to halt the development of a libertarian expression in the next twenty years. During the war in Algeria, the convictions of the press, particularly for "undermining the morale of the army," also aimed to bankrupt this release: Libertarian, organ of the libertarian communist Federation, had to cease publication in 1956 .

Renaud (AL Alsace)
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