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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #235 - Homonationalisme: Nationalism for all (fr, pt) [machine translation]

Date Wed, 05 Mar 2014 11:26:11 +0200


In 2007, Jasbir Puar conceptualizes homonationalisme. This discourse argues that the progressive LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bi and Trans) unien states would face the "delay" of Muslims. In Europe and especially in France, a similar speech starts last ten years to be heard. ---- Sexual nationalism is the process by which elites wear of gendered categories to make the national myth. We build a European tending towards greater freedom of manners also uses categories of gender and sexuality. To understand the history of nationalism, think about all the history of France as a city and as a colonial power. ---- The European masculine ideal of the nineteenth century is linked to nationalism. European nations embody the masculine and heterosexual metaphor used to think colonization with an active and a passive pole: Europe is a manly body, Africa is a land to penetrate.

Descriptions involve racialized gender and sexuality indistinct sexual characters among Africans, analyzed as a sign of inferiority (as low es hairy men and women, aggressive women genitals too large), unbridled sexuality that approaches animals, African animal heterosexuality against European domestic heterosexuality.

Colonial imaginary

The nineteenth-century Europe denies homosexuality in Africa: Africans and African, nature beings moved by instinct can not be heterosexual. Europeans and European normal accessed civilization which moralise sexuality. When civilization deviates, Europeans and European abnormal, but civilized perverted appear: homosexuals. These deviant inside should be treated.

Since the 1970s, there has been a movement of politicization and greater visibility of LGBT organizations. Visibility still asymmetric (the lesbians are less) affecting urban white middle class, cultivated. It becomes less legitimate to openly denounce homosexuality and homophobic language to mask. Therefore, the old discourse on the absence of homosexuals in Africa renews itself: there are no homosexuals in Africa because there is too much homophobia. European civilization itself being culturally homophile!

Ayatollahs within

Today, unlike in the nineteenth century, the other, non-Western, non-white, is not only home he is also with us. The homonationalisme is precisely this strategy to defend his stronghold: it requires migrants to Europe real test of civilization in which the homosexual question two women's issues. In France in 2011, the blue-white-red poster LGBT center for Pride March on which there is a rooster with the slogan "In 2011 I walk, I vote in 2012" is controversial. Lesbians of Color and Gay Muslims react France. The Chair of LGBT center replica by a letter entitled "Ayatollahs of the Interior," communalism taxing people who denounce the racism of this poster and according to her, despise the republican ideal. Lesbians of Color then criminalize ethnocentrism struggles gays in the text " Ni cockerel or laying hen . "

The criminalization of homosexuality is a concern in international forums when it comes to point non-Western countries. Bad students "progress" are stigmatized on behalf of gay rights.

Rhetoric between the struggles against sexual oppression anti-racist struggles develops. They are seen as competing or incompatible. The refusal of homophobia is instrumentalized as a western value, serving as a benchmark for "good integration" descendants of colonized-es, and any attempt at political denunciation of this mechanism remains inaudible and disqualified.

Gisèle (antiracist Commission)
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