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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #235 - Pecresse laws and Fioraso: Faculties in dèche (fr, pt) [machine translation]

Date Mon, 03 Mar 2014 16:41:41 +0200


The financial situation of Higher Education and Research (ESR) is alarming. This is due to a policy of destruction of Higher Education under Sarkozy accelerated and aggravated by the current government public. ---- Since 2007, with the law on the freedoms and responsibilities of universities (LRU), universities have become "autonomous". This could be a good thing, autonomy was indeed a claim to the academic community for a long time, with the aim of having an independent university or any organization, including the state. However, with the LRU, the university is dependent, in addition to the state, regions and companies. Universities must manage their budgets with an endowment of operation of the non-extensible State (previously when a university was in bad shape the state filled the deficit). And the more they try to get financing "local socio-economic power", adapting their research for companies and regions (universities should be attractive).

Behind the autonomy ...

The effects of this legislation are felt today. The year 2013 ended with austerity measures in all universities and more than a dozen are bankrupt. Budgetary constraints translate eg gels posts (more than a thousand in a year), or job cuts which degrade the personal supervision of students; deletions language options such courses or are not deemed profitable as the classics at Rennes; increased selective entry pathways (draw in Staps in many cities, sociology Pau or move to folder selection in the majority of art courses, letters ) suppression of personal leave for Toulouse. While at the same time it creates management options in all our sectors. The problem is not only economic but political!

Budget deficits ...

At the last moment, under pressure from stakeholders in higher education, the state has reached 40 million to avoid measures such as Spain or Greece (closure of universities, cessation of payment of wages). This does not solve the problems today is the University of Versailles Saint-Quentin considering closing. Montpellier had also considered closing the antenna Béziers, to avoid cut jobs and establish the selection. This was denounced by the student movement, unions and staff of teachers, many of the boards of universities, but the state does nothing to change its policy. Amplification of the mobilization in the second half seems necessary to save and defend a public university open to all and all education.

Rémi (Student Solidarity es)
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