A - I n f o s
a multi-lingual news service by, for, and about anarchists **

News in all languages
Last 40 posts (Homepage) Last two weeks' posts

The last 100 posts, according to language
Greek_ 中文 Chinese_ Castellano_ Català_ Deutsch_ Nederlands_ English_ Français_ Italiano_ Polski_ Português_ Russkyi_ Suomi_ Svenska_ Türkçe_ The.Supplement

The First Few Lines of The Last 10 posts in:
Greek_ 中文 Chinese_ Castellano_ Català_ Deutsch_ Nederlands_ English_ Français_ Italiano_ Polski_ Português_ Russkyi_ Suomi_ Svenska_ Türkçe
First few lines of all posts of last 24 hours || of past 30 days | of 2002 | of 2003 | of 2004 | of 2005 | of 2006 | of 2007 | of 2008 | of 2009 | of 2010 | of 2011 | of 2012 | of 2013 | of 2014

Syndication Of A-Infos - including RDF | How to Syndicate A-Infos
Subscribe to the a-infos newsgroups
{Info on A-Infos}

(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #234 - Agustin Gomez Acosta (CGT-E): "Morocco is dotted with struggles violently suppressed" (fr, pt) [machine translation]

Date Sat, 15 Feb 2014 14:53:20 +0200

Agustin Gomez Acosta, activist of the Spanish CGT, including the Maghreb anime commission. A brief overview with him news of social and union resistance to Morocco. ---- Libertarian Alternative: Why Morocco that popular mobilization has never reached the level of Tunisia or Egypt? ---- Agustin: First, the Alawite monarchy is the main and most loyal ally of the United States, France and the European Union in the area. While Mubarak and Ben Ali had been in the past Tunisia and especially Egypt have gone through phases of nationalism in open conflict with the West at the time of Nasser in particular. This has left the collective consciousness of the people of these countries an important anti imperialist sentiment. Morocco, on the contrary, has always been a faithful ally.

Second, the Moroccan government has cultivated ignorance, illiteracy and marginalization of Amazigh identity, yet majority in the Moroccan population. The cultural level of the Egyptian and Tunisian peoples is substantially higher than that.

Thirdly, the February 20 Movement has not had sufficient strength to overthrow the Alawite monarchy. In Morocco, the social demands were the same as in Tunisia and Egypt, but did not ask the fall of the monarchy.


Agustin: The Moroccan state has specific characteristics which enable the margins of larger maneuvers. Its support base, unlike dictatorships of Ben Ali and Mubarak is not only the fact of a modern centralized state with its excessively repressive institutions (police, justice, army, bureaucracy). The Moroccan regime based on the permanence of inherited customs of the Sultanate, its feudal relations and vassalage.

These practices penetrate the whole society through a wide network of "young wrens" the orders of the monarch. It is this concept of blind loyalty and unwavering as Makhzen is called. In Morocco, there are many formal parties, unions, associations. Elections are held regularly. A whole sham democracy, by Western standards, prevail. At the same time, the Makhzen hybrid between the modern state inherited from colonialism, and the sultanate, based on a theocratic power and vassalage, is an absolute power with a king above the law and any constitution. Mohamed VI is the prince of believers and its power can not be questioned.

These factors explain the response of the king against the February 20 Movement has been repression. At the same time, by enacting a constitutional reform, the king secured the image of an enlightened monarch, listening to the demands of the people. Through this new constitution more "liberal" (at least in appearance), he managed to divide the opposition and win over number of "left." An example: the head of the recent National Council for Human Rights has appointed a former political prisoner of Hassan II and the "years of lead". The message is very clear in all cases: the democratic spaces in Morocco are those whom the king tolerated. Another example symptomatic of this fact: in Morocco, you can attend a violent crackdown on protests, as was the case this summer, on the occasion of the release of pedophile Spanish Diego Galan. A few days after, the king having recognized that this was a mistake (obviously not his but that of his subjects, namely the Minister of Justice), the events on the same topic were suddenly encouraged.

To summarize, it is clear that nothing moves in Morocco without royal assent. Makhzen is not challenged by the active collaboration of the vast majority of parties, unions, associations, but also chiefs, police informers in the neighborhoods. A network that is present throughout the country and the only one to serve the king.

Despite this reality, no one can silence the struggles of the people. Struggles that led Mohamed VI to vote via a referendum, the new constitution. A constitution without any legitimacy, with a record abstention rate of 70%. The February 20 Movement continues to work in the street, to mobilize. The invariable response Makhzen against him, intimidation, terror and repression, put bare its true nature and its dictatorial character.

Can you please provide an overview of the Moroccan social and trade union movement?

Agustin: First, we must keep in mind that most of the popular struggles in Morocco are spontaneous, self-organized local and foremost. The February 20 Movement was the most important change in the Moroccan political situation for decades. Mass mobilizations in over a hundred cities, coordinated actions and creating support committees in neighborhoods. The Moroccan people expressed, despite the repression, his desire for change, freedom, dignity and social justice. Although the crackdown has made a number of deaths (eg Safi or Ait Bouayach), power has been careful to avoid a bloodbath. Power, by a new constitution, tried to politically respond to anger. It also facilitated the accession to power of moderate Party for Justice and Democracy (PJD) Islamists to defuse one of the components of the Moroccan social movement. These factors explain the slowing of the February 20 Movement. Nevertheless, the groundswell of this mobilization persists. And on February 22 a day of action throughout the territory, was proposed.

In social movements, ANDCM (National Association of Unemployed Graduates of Morocco) continues to resist and maintains an active local activism. AMDH (Moroccan Association for Human Rights) continues on his side, his tireless work exposing continuing violations of human rights and supports the social struggles and popular.

Within the labor movement, the consolidation of bureaucratic and anti combative sectors within the majority union, the UMT (Moroccan Labour Union) was true especially in education, agriculture and public administration. Struggles in defense of agrarian reform and against the marginalization of the so-called "forgotten Morocco" (areas of the East mainly) are permanent. Universities also held strikes but divisions within the student movement, because of the sectarianism of some sectors, it has lacked coordination.

Resistance Amazigh (Berber), very diverse and divided, lost its intensity, particularly due to the recognition of their identity and language in the new constitution.

In summary, the struggles and resistances are primarily spontaneous scattered. This situation is primarily due to the nature of trade, social and political organizations characterized by its allegiance to the Alawite regime and the fact that they remain largely authoritarian, bureaucratic and corrupt.

Can you come back in more detail on the significant struggles in recent months?

Agustin: Despite the gravity of the union apparatus, which is positive is that the social struggles and labor are constant. They end here, they start elsewhere. In recent months, revolts took place in Targuist in the province of Al Hoceima or Demnate, Khenifra or Taza. In Ouarzazate, the miners went on strike. In 2012, it was the popular district of Sidi Youssef Ben Ali Marrakesh heaved. All territory is dotted with these struggles violently suppressed whenever the power.

The problem is that these struggles are uncoordinated and do not extend because of union bureaucracies that do everything to stop the movement. In Ouarzazate, for example, instances of the CDT (Democratic Confederation of Labour) intervened directly in the conflict to paralyze the miners' strike and negotiated with employers instead of the local CDT too offensive.

Another significant fight was one of the people and inhabitants of Imider against the pollution of groundwater by the Metallurgical Society Imider (SMI), which belongs to Managem (Royal holding) and operates a silver mine. This struggle, long years, is exemplary in many respects: assembléiste operation, solidarity and active involvement of women.

A final example of struggle, one led by the agricultural sector of the UMT has succeeded in recent months to impose patterns of holdings new rights for workers and agricultural workers (wage increases, enrollment in social security rights union).

In this fight in Morocco, there are organizations claiming libertarian movement and its practices?

Agustin: It does not exist in actual organization at national level. By cons, here and there, libertarians do things. There have been many attempts, for example, establishment of libertarian cultural centers. Lately, Casablanca and Rabat were created libertarian collectives acting on cultural and musical field, and art in general. A collective "Guerrilla Cinema" is relevant things. More generally, what is interesting is that among the youth advance the ideas of autonomy, self-organization, reflexes horizontal operation and rejection of logic parties.

In the Berber areas (especially in the Rif), and finally, the practices of federalism and assemblyism an integral part of the folk tradition. Concepts such as parliamentarism, parties, trade unions are perceived as foreigners because artificially legacy of colonialism.

Interview by Jeremiah Berthuin (AL Gard)

For more information about the February 20 Movement, a video about it was made here
A - I N F O S N E W S S E R V I C E
By, For, and About Anarchists
Send news reports to A-infos-en mailing list
Subscribe/Unsubscribe http://ainfos.ca/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo/a-infos-en
Archive: http://ainfos.ca/en

A-Infos Information Center