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(en) Brazil, Coletivo Mineiro Popular Anarquista - Occupation Guarani-Kaiowá: Action-Direct, Autonomy, Self-Management and Solidarity. Readings of an anarchist militancy (pt) [machine translation]

Date Fri, 29 Aug 2014 08:10:39 +0300

Encounter between indigenous Guarani-Kaiowá and residents of urban Occupation Guarani-Kaiowá -- August 2014, Front of the House Fight For COMPA ---- Since mid-October last year, COMPA follows the struggle of Occupation Guarani-Kaiowá, located in Count, Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte (MG). The Occupation has existed since March 9, 2013 and has 150 families who occupied a land which hitherto housed a huge scrub delivered to the flies land speculation. The land, which was pawned-whose proprietary company is tax debtor (Construction Muschioni), is in the Hangover region, an administrative area of the city that the Count has neighborhoods that, in general, do not have high income neighborhoods Profile city. ---- Contradictions PRINCIPLES AND SYSTEM OF STATE CAPITALIST ---- We are together to fight the occupation by Front Land and Autonomy, FTA, which is forward that builds our activists and residents along the more external supporters and there about seven months. The FTA consists of an independent front of ideologies and political organizations that revolves around certain principles to work in urban struggles of the city, currently focusing on housing struggle. Shared principles such as anti-capitalism, autonomy, self-management, direct-action, solidarity, mutual-aid, horizontality, self-discipline and political independence. The FTA is a very expensive joint to the militancy of COMPA, because it is a collective initiative of libertarian and anti-capitalist character which aims to insert into fights like housing, that for us, but a fight is a worthy potentially revolutionary struggle by directly challenging private property - and capitalism.

Not only the defense of private property, the struggle for housing in the current political, economic and social conditions, raise other important reflections on the contradictions of capitalism of our time. Real estate speculation, gentrification of cities, commercialization of public spaces, the neodesenvolvimentista federal government policy that guarantees the credit, but not for the housing of really poor people - and that either distributes wealth, and even the issue of mobility Urban are in evidence when the people is organized and meets with his own hands the arduous task of getting their own house these days.

Beyond economics, the criticism of the state and its role in society develops simple and practical way even when it has this profile of social struggle, just realize how the state and its authorities treat urban occupations. Police repression and lack of dialogue with the government the poor people occupying the idle land are postures that highlight the character class there - and that is inherent - in the state and which class it belongs. These and other questions that arise in the orbit of the struggle for housing are closely linked with the concepts that the principles of search and rescue FTA, which complement each other and constitute the day-to-day struggle.

Not intending to exhaust a thorough discussion on each principle, we in this paper an evaluation of how these principles are embedded in the housing struggle of those 150 families, in their collective and living spaces are the assemblies, activities, demonstrations or meetings spontaneous in the common areas of the community, although many maintain up unnoticed. The collective political practice that develops in the occupation is predominantly self-managed, autonomous, collectivist and direct-action. What is noticeable is that the general awareness of the assembly is guided by means of combativeness, direct-action and collective, even though in certain subjects are still guided by coordination, such as when you need to take more time on strategic measures that require caution and experience (as a negotiation with the government or some more elaborate act). Such coordination that is open and horizontal, being also composed of some residents and supporters with more experience in the intricacies of the struggle for housing.


The sense of community is very developed with residents of the occupation, which, in most cases, have lived in the region Hangover. The design of housing built in the course of fighting the occupation jumped, for many families, the individual level and today lies in the collective. There is a majoritarian understanding that housing is not simply having possession of a fenced lot, even though conquered by occupation; vision of housing as the entire environment that surrounds his conquest, defense and security of your home expands increasingly. Ie, there is an understanding that the interest, care and permanent construction of their housing environment, where the community, broad, horizontal and self-managed way, is the predominant factor for your roof is guaranteed, making it that the legitimate meaning of "dwelling". In this sense, the importance and necessity of the meeting, in decision making and collective work becomes real. This can be quite clear if we take into account the need to organize themselves to fight the eviction, for example, but the issue goes beyond that point, which is somewhat shortsighted way: there is an increase in awareness of the collective construction of living, having understanding this collective construction as the basis for the sense of what it means dwelling.

Thus, the community organization shall be guided as fundamental to the the daily process of occupation. This community organization can be translated as a practical expression of the People's Organization, which is vital for long-term strategy that proposes a more radical transformation of society, in the bowels of the organization of social relations (either in the environment of housing, work, study etc.). So in that aspect, narrow ties among residents over the collective decisions become more legitimate and elaborate the conditions of conquest are strengthened, individual and shared awareness of residents daily advances in pedagogy of struggle and a breeding ground for a new world is sown in now.

As a result of this subjective daily pedagogy fight, the villa, we can say, is to be understood as a space of self empowerment, mutual-aid and collective initiative, while not exactly a conclusion of a deep critical reflection of the residents. Understood as such, concern for the community space becomes common and natural, which explains the various mobilizations for the care, maintenance and the construction of collective spaces of occupation. And examples for such care and concern abound: the mobilization for the fencing of the green area; the decision and delimitation of street names; building a community space that welcomes plans, models, photos, texts, memories of the occupation itself and the struggle of housing in the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte, in addition to valuables and collective tools; concern with cleaning the Nelson Mandela Square (aka Foot Manga); and more recently, the construction of a stage and Social Centre, which, with external support of movements, organizations, students and architects today has been conducting joint effort in which many residents are participating, giving in practice the true meaning of the word "community ". All this, of note, proposed, criticized and decided in assemblies guided horizontality.


But the notion of community even goes beyond the care of the Community. Mediation of conflicts that arise between residents also occurs in assembly. Interesting that in common practices such neighborhoods often do not exist. By the way, non-assemblies common in most neighborhoods are performed. This fact is a simple example of the difference in organization and proposal of experience between the current prevailing model - capitalist, individualistic, competitive and equipped with prejudices - and the model constructed by the occupation - which tends more to collectivism, solidarity, mutual-aid and that, although there are still many prejudices, takes a few steps toward deconstruction, slow or instantaneous. It is an advance awareness of resolving conflicts, disputes and any other demands in your place of residence, which has targeted a new way of doing politics and organize society.

Highlight these issues Occupation Guarani-Kaiowá not mean it's different in other urban occupations. The meaning of this text is precisely to highlight these positive aspects of organized urban occupations that support, it might not have this particular goal, some of the pillars of new proposals of social organization based on collective, not the individual; based on solidarity, not competition; self-management, direct-action and independence, not dependence on the state and the private sector; by the people, and not imposed on the people.


The issue of solidarity is always a very important factor, but not only in this occupation. Poor people, in general, is much more supportive than the handful of rich people who raise their strongholds in Mangabeiras, Belvedere or Nova Lima. This is evident: while the poor feel the pain and the need of others as if it were his (because most of the time is yours), and thus seeks to help as you can, with just a little more than necessary to survive, while the rich, his wealth and his greed, is guided by the opposite side and tends to be more closed, ambitious, selfish, putting into question the models of society proposed and encouraged by capitalism. There may even be philanthropy, but she is far from being compared with the solidarity of oppressed people toward himself. If there is no class consciousness among our constituted, which prevents more strides in the fight against exploitation and domination, there is still a solidarity that is often beautiful to behold and is to be rescued, claimed and strengthened to the advancement of this class consciousness.

So, just that some companion with their several children come in and ask for some support assembly, residents readily disrupt the agenda that may be discussing and seeking support her as best as possible. Being a partner with your children, or any resident who lost her home for some reason (fire, rain etc.) or anyone else who needs help, the assembly does not hesitate to embrace it, and practicing saying here and there in loud and clear, words like "solidarity" and "community."

And solidarity is not limited to the territorial aspect of the occupation, the internal relationships of families. By having an awareness of struggle, family solidarity turn to other popular struggles of the city, which were for housing or not. The expressions of solidarity with Occupations Isidoro exemplify this very well: currently three urban occupations in the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte suffer a real threat of being evicted. They are formed by 8000 families and are located in the forest of Isidoro, north of the capital, known as "Granja Werneck" region. On the day there was the imminent eviction, in which there was a certainty that would be held the police operation, occupancy rose at 5am and did an act in Piazza San Vincente, a cross with a huge traffic flow, evidenced the danger of massacre that announcing and demonstrating, through-direct action and militancy, solidarity to all occupations. There was no eviction action by prosecutors and by mobilizing support occupations Isidoro, and the Occupation Guarani-Kaiowá had a prominent role in this scenario.

Another example of solidarity with other struggles and underneath was the reception of the Indians of the Guarani-Kaiowá occupation. The activity has put the city and fight the fight of the field together in a circle of debate that featured a broad participation of the residents of the occupation, which torcaram experiences of struggle and resistance with indigenous fellows who historically have been harassed and attacked in the region Mato Grosso do Sul. Contact was constructive to the occupation, which has once again demonstrated their solidarity with the cause indígina, reaffirming the choice of origin of its name.


Added to such expressions of solidarity and mutual support-a regular direct-action advocacy and combativeness as tools for the fight. Recognition of the importance of the demonstrations, vigils, direct confrontation, the rallying cheer and the combatant positioning are fruits of this struggle. Know that your house will be guaranteed with the political struggle, facing the executive, judiciary and the capital is a step towards understanding social problems more broadly, getting the ability to perceive the common problem, the root of inequality and oppression, What is capitalism and its power structures. In this sense, appears a real possibility to sharpen the criticism and understand the importance of unity of popular struggles, since between urban occupations through among other social movements, because they are struggles arising from the contradictions of capitalism and its domains. Residents therefore come to realize the need to organize to fight beyond the struggle for housing, but for larger changes in society from the grassroots organization.

In this context, there is also a personal breakthrough of some residents that engage in both spaces of organization and mobilization of the community become more engaged with a higher capacity for social criticism and a less blurry and shortsighted political vision. Stands out at this point, the amount of women who get up and have as such. Strong by the reality that lies, because they need to work harder, resist more, because of the machismo that sometimes physically violent to them, let alone with so many children to raise them now, they are what are most people who build the occupation since the beginning, raise the barracks and take firmer and forceful occupation by attitudes. Even with the machismo, that too affects poor black women, has built up and some become these community leaders. In the case of this female community leadership, there is still one more positive outlook with regard to the example of strength and willingness to other women, both in the housing struggle, as in the fight against sexism.


These are some elements raised by the political practice of the occupation Guarani-Kaiowá with links to principles of FTA, which also shares the COMPA. Some of them have a close bond with the families of those everyday, while others, the FTA seeks to forge the day-to-day of his fight with the occupation. Attention, dialogue, debates, proposals, activities, ethical (and listening quietar the ego, be a companion and not pretentious, vain), are crucial points for the continuous and necessary absorption of the reality of occupation and for example, fostering and encouragement of what we propose to share with the community.

Guided by such libertarian ethic that guides us through the base, in the autonomous, supportive and anti-capitalist route, follow companion / the afflictions, conflicts, confrontations, victories and proposals alongside the occupation, not stealing us of being anarchists, revolutionary / the but without abandoning our principles so expensive paddling against the rigging of the ideological and social movement. Building People's Power is given by the base, the organized and independent popular struggle: thus understand the strategy of Creating a Strong People to walk conscious towards social transformation, against capital and the cultures of oppression imposed by capitalism in the day to -day.
Posted by COMPA
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