A - I n f o s
a multi-lingual news service by, for, and about anarchists **

News in all languages
Last 40 posts (Homepage) Last two weeks' posts

The last 100 posts, according to language
Greek_ 中文 Chinese_ Castellano_ Català_ Deutsch_ Nederlands_ English_ Français_ Italiano_ Polski_ Português_ Russkyi_ Suomi_ Svenska_ Türkçe_ The.Supplement

The First Few Lines of The Last 10 posts in:
Greek_ 中文 Chinese_ Castellano_ Català_ Deutsch_ Nederlands_ English_ Français_ Italiano_ Polski_ Português_ Russkyi_ Suomi_ Svenska_ Türkçe
First few lines of all posts of last 24 hours || of past 30 days | of 2002 | of 2003 | of 2004 | of 2005 | of 2006 | of 2007 | of 2008 | of 2009 | of 2010 | of 2011 | of 2012 | of 2013 | of 2014

Syndication Of A-Infos - including RDF | How to Syndicate A-Infos
Subscribe to the a-infos newsgroups
{Info on A-Infos}

(en) France, Organisation Communiste Libertarie (OCL) - Between oblivion and obsession: European memory view from Gaza (fr) [machine translation]

Date Wed, 13 Aug 2014 07:30:23 +0300

In 1940, shortly before to end his own life, feeling hunted by the Nazis he fled, Walter Benjamin tries to cross the Pyrenees with a suitcase full of documents. He carried with him the text that later became famous under the title of Theses on the Philosophy of History. In this extraordinary text, he wrote a kind of political testament for future generations in the warning over the political meaning that memory - history and collective construction - could take. He felt that, on the ruins of the past, he would accumulate new, that time is not a continuum homogeneous and empty, but an explosives magazine. His thoughts come to mind in these days of violence and killings in the Gaza Strip. They come to mind because the bombs of Israel in the Gaza Strip were also massacres perpetrated memory. Massacres committed by the State of Israel with its memorial turned into political ideology of terror. Massacres with a Europe which, struck by a double amnesia, supported with an irresponsible attitude and criminal violence of Israel.

Just a word about it, even at the cost of repeating the obvious. The same Benjamin, preparatory to his notes PhD , stressed the importance of returning permanently to memory as the exegete with the sacred text. Unabated, with the awareness between the past and the present, there is a political link that should not stop fighting.

In different European state, the development of the memory of the extermination of European Jews followed different paths, largely because of the role played by various countries during World War II. To date, however, memorials discourse have largely standardized under the sign of the paradox: the institutionalization and ritualized memory of the Holocaust has been accompanied, indeed, deletion (when it is not camouflage revisionist) historical conditions under which a religious anti-Semitism rooted could turn into mass extermination of a people. This stems from the disjunction of anti-Semitism and fascism, and with it, the separation of the order of remembrance duty and the necessity of anti-fascism. If, in fact, it is true that antisemitism preceded European fascist ideologies and does not coincide with them, it is equally true that it is fascism (Nazism is fascism included here knowing the issue is complex and controversial) that turned antisemitism in a political machine of persecution and extermination. From this point of view, the dissolution of the historical relationship between the two phenomena - the extermination of European Jews and Fascism - meaningless injunction to remember and paves the way for the exploitation of the past as well as 'the real phenomena of mass hysteria.

So these days, for example, in France the specter of anti-Semitism was stirred by attributing anti-Semitic sentiments in the French population of Muslim faith or Arab origin (or, less crudely, from countries whose official language written is Arabic) to ban public demonstrations in support of Palestine. Event that takes an even more confusing character when you know that we are only two months of the electoral success of the National Front, whose ideological roots, despite the circus staged by Marine Le Pen, are directly rooted in history fascism and European anti-Semitism.
It's like an obsession and oblivion asserted simultaneously, one and the other, as political acts. But while the obsession reproduced at European level the memorial outline drafted by the State of Israel, which is a real ideology of memory with criminal purposes, forgetting is rather a European affair, certainly related to the alleged postideological exceeded past and affirmation of neo-liberal discourse as the new framework of institutional policy. But not only.
Obsession and forgetting - at least observed of France where, right now, the waters seem particularly disturbing about this - a second cross-political memorial plan for the colonial past. The so-called Arab anti-Semitism, in fact, looks like a kind of experience of "invention of tradition" which, on the one hand promotes erasing the actual historical development of relations between the Jewish and Muslim communities in the country Arab and the impact that colonialism has had on them and on the other hand, provides a tool of preventive delegitimize criticism of Israeli policies and criminalization of aprioristic sense of solidarity with Palestine.
Obviously, tabooing of critical toward Israel is not new. However, the intensification of its use for specific political purposes and located as in the French case, requires a conscious mobilization not only the present but also the past. Or, more precisely, of their relationship. In the manipulation of memory and selective memories, it is not useful to oppose a presentist attitude, but, if necessary, against a checklist that tries to stop the accumulation of ruins. The latter, however, does not coincide with the juxtaposition of "human memory" and sclerotic separated within a "paradigm of victimhood" but rather in the contextualization in the political explanation of the conditions and responsibilities.
The memory of the extermination of European Jewry and the massacre of Palestinians are not in conflict with each other. They are, if applicable, operation of an oversight in favor of the other.

Simona De Simoni (infoaut), July 29, 2014

Translation from Italian Francesco / OCLibertair
A - I N F O S N E W S S E R V I C E
By, For, and About Anarchists
Send news reports to A-infos-en mailing list
Subscribe/Unsubscribe http://lists.ainfos.ca/mailman/listinfo/a-infos-en
Archive: http://ainfos.ca/en

A-Infos Information Center