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(en) Anarkismo.net: The civil war in Syria and new conformations in the Arab and Islamic world by Bruno Lima Rocha (en , fr )[machine translation]

Date Tue, 03 Sep 2013 12:12:37 +0300


If the Syrian government 's defenses are seriously affected , the trend is that the Assad regime falls , transforming the Syrian territory in a new Iraq , with the escalation of sectarian war reaching absurd levels . ---- Initial Comment : On the eve of a U.S. Navy attack against the positions of the government of Hafez al - Assad , bring back the text written for the first half of July , forthcoming in the portal . As I explain below , unfortunately the Arab Cause and anti - imperialist intentions in the region found themselves subordinated to the logic of geopolitical pivots of states such as Turkey , Iran and Saudi Arabia . The end of a dictatorial regime ends as the beginning of a civil war between Sunnis and Shiites in large scale. The next decade is pure uncertainty in the harshest theaters of the board of Eurasia .

The Syrian state had been ruled for decades by a triad . The top officers career linked to Baath Party ( Arab National ) , a legacy nonprogrammatic the times of pan- Arabism under Nasser inspiration , the clan of al - Assad - the current , Bashar , like his father Hafez , acting almost as a secular dictators despots , and , not least , by Alawites , an offshoot of Shiite Islam origin settled in the region .

It is from these relationships that conform alliances both blocks to support challenged Baath regime and Assad , as groups that this power against established and institutionalized - mingling with the state - are formed . Without falling into illusions typical of a more targeted on the western region, the first exclusion is that the sector liberal, democratic and secular practically nonexistent in the Syrian rebellion . Therefore , the revolt is also fundamental rights does not imply building a stable democracy but the rise to power of groups excluded from it by Assad . If there is no radical or liberal Democrats believe , still less socialist ideas of any kind are present there .

The scheme is supported internally by Assad clan and the Alawite magnified by the high officers still loyal and urban middle class tied to the state. Externally , it has support for a regional power , Iran and Lebanese armed and theocratic party that this country is satellite, Hizbalah . The latter tax is Iran's Khomeini , whose intelligence network was Syria's your sanctuary hall and in the fight against the Zionist presence in southern Lebanon . In addition to Iran and set Shiites in the region - especially the Iraqis , that there are government - yet the Syrian government in Putin's Russia is a strategic ally and receives this global power supply weapons and currency , as well as diplomatic pressure and media .

The opposition , with the exception of the Kurds in Syria established , organized in the United Democratic Party ( PYD ) , which have links to the Kurdistan Workers Party ( PKK ) , is composed of Sunnis and supported , directly or indirectly, for two regional powers . Opponents are dissident armed forces , establishing the Free Syrian Army , irregular force that the western media mistakenly lists as organic Syrian National Council . This is unreal and is more of a distorted mirror than a given situation . In the first line of the clashes are militias of all kinds, notably line Wahhabi jihadists , the same Saudi Arabia - which supports - including groups from Al - Qaeda . Beside these , fundamentalist Salafis also irreconcilable with any proposal secular . The other regional power that supports the opposition is Turkey, and it included the refugee camps and certain mobility for dissidents in the long common border . Indirectly , the insurgency ends up getting support of Israel , through the exercise of air supremacy and followed bombings against Syria .

Although the Assad regime is a dictatorship bloodless and inhuman , the same methods can and should be attributed to their opponents . The suspected use of Sarin gas fell first about the Baath forces and , by April 2013, UN investigators revealed evidence of the use by the fundamentalist Sunni militias . Recently tenebrous images of a fundamentalist Sunni fighters withdrawing the heart of a fallen enemy on the battlefield embody the kind of motivation and involvement of irregular anti - Assad militiamen .

The expectations for the expansion of democracy and secular thought are today far from the Arab Spring and the Syrian Insurgency and Civil War . This space is occupied primarily by Sunni jihadist creed , both wahabistas as Salafis . I emphasize that these two lines of thought political- religious societies organize Islamized reinforcing behaviors more conservative .
Bruno Lima Rocha

This text was originally published on Journalism B , printed fortnightly independent biweekly Porto Alegre Area .
Related Link : http://estrategiaeanalise.com.br/
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