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(en) France, Alternative Libertaire AL #230 - Read: From Self-Management (fr) [machine translation]

Date Fri, 04 Oct 2013 10:41:16 +0300

Certainly self-management issue is back in the political debate - at least on the far left for now - as evidenced by the last book released in editions CNT-RP. Of good quality, this collective work is mainly for contributions Aimé Marcellan and Gregory Chambat. ---- The first provides a history of the concept of self-management in the post-war period. The idea certainly existed before the word in the mind of Charles Fourier, the cooperative members, anarchists or syndicalists. But the term itself is relatively late: it would be a literal translation of the Serbo-Croatian, in 1957, when the Yugoslav socialist state has given a management role for workers' councils. The term will then make its way under the leadership of intellectuals like Georges Gurvitch, Daniel Guérin, Michel Raptis, or Henri Lefebvre Yvon Bourdet, all heterodox Marxist evolving towards anti-authoritarian ideas, but also magazines like Socialisme ou Barbarie and Black and Red.

It was not until May 68 and the adventure of LIP for the self becomes unavoidable. Marcellan then refers to the " tactics "of the direction of the CFDT, between 1968 and 1978, captured a flag that denies self-management at the earliest opportunity. However, a little too smooth history, reducing the self-management CFDT a " huge decoy . " In fact, a dual reality there coexisted. Beside opportunistic confederal bureaucracy, tens of thousands of base cédétistes have sincerely vibrated for self, and brought it in their struggles. Many libertarians - ORA UTCL, unionist Alliance - played a leading role in this left CFDT faithful to "the spirit of May." Marcellan the barely mentions, preferring to dwell on an admittedly friendly group - TAC - but much anecdotal role.

Another valuable contribution is due to Gregory Chambat, which examines the "ways" and thus including self-management social movement organizations. It will be understood, the issue is the question of permanentat in trade unionism, and the risk of bureaucracy that entails. Is there an alternative to union officials? Chambat responds essentially that yes, "the activist efforts," facilitated by advances in information technology, leisure time, social law. It is however exempts-examine some arguments against - including inequality in the free time, and the randomness of pure volunteer for the administration of large organizations. A little later, his studies on the "reappropriation of the working floor" in the proletarian literature and the experience of Kanak popular schools (EPK) between 1984 and 1989 are remarkable.

William Davranche (AL Montreuil)

• Collective, From the self-management. Theories and practices , Editions CNT-RP, 2013, 15 euros.
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