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(en) France, Organisation Communiste Libertarie - International meetings anarchists Saint-Imier - August 2012 - Issues that raise questions ... not really surprise (fr) [machine translation]

Date Fri, 17 May 2013 21:13:42 +0300


An anarchist International Meeting (RIA) was held in August in Saint-Imier to commemorate the extraordinary congress of the Jura Federation which gave birth to the International Workers Association, here one hundred and forty years. ---- It gathered in the city for about five days 3000 people - came mainly from Western Europe, with a small presence in Latin America and the Maghreb, some Czechs, Kurds, Japanese ... - a great mix of "anarchists" organized es or not, of various styles. In view of the discussions that RIA has raised, we felt it important to analyze the ins and outs, and explain at the same time the position of the OCL about it - because we had already chosen to take part by hosting three debates. [1]

Let's input, anarchist gatherings generally have no meaning in relation to the political situation of the moment - we are not claiming anything in this, if not a founder and past history. It is not even intended to be a defense orientation, more or less political alternative to those parties, trade unions and other "internal opposition" to the system approach. And not just because that is their foundation (organizations, groups, magazines ...) is too heterogeneous to do this, but also, in large part because similar concern comes to mind for very little - on the idea that everything is set for a long time and is already written hundreds of books in the Great Library Anarchist International, is one of the "anarchy" is an individual choice among others, a way of life immediately with friends in the company's capital without fighting.
Such gatherings are therefore intended wholesale assert, as the song says: "Y is not one hundred and yet they exist ..." They have a picture of what the anarchists contemporary - or more accurately, those who recognize themselves in this type of initiative. And, at the same time, they seem incredibly disconnected from the current struggles of the crisis of capital, the need to invent collective practices of resistance and failure to counter the attack on the conditions of existence disconnected also attempts to raise capital by large destructive work and generating new dependencies and dominions. Consequently, people who are interested in these issues and put them at the center of their political approach is presented as a branch of the "family" anarchist among others, while there is in fact any kind unit within it.

Participate does not prevent to be critical

In OCL, we do not see more interest in maintaining a facade of unanimity that vain polemics. We have a process of our own - a way to understand political realities and social struggles to express ourselves above; trying to intervene in the real in the always questioning, seeking to reject the ideological simplifications, the repeating empty slogans, organizational or anti-organizational fetishism, striving to bring out issues and questions arising from the practice and interventions that we can have in the struggle.
Our general approach prevents us from confusing dynamic self -empowerment and movement, and their limits, with "Together" to protest the increasingly blurred, interclassist, opportunistic (when it is not the defense of the Republic and the social capitalism ... or green) content - the trailer of elected officials and community leaders, political or trade union or association that regularly made ââand unmade to "represent" the movement, the channel within institutional frameworks, and thus defuse their capacity for autonomy and their subversive potential fronts .

We do not have the will to represent or assimilate to the entire constellation anarchist, historical function of Anarchist Federation with the "Synthesis" (see box below), which serves as a reference constitutive.
We Nor does it have to organize in response in this "anarchist" a structured constellation current course of class struggle, but our taste too unionist and uncritical conventional modes of organization, intervention and design of political struggle. Nor to identify with the informal currents, movements "rhizomatic" to spontaneists nebulae, lifestyle ... variously influenced by the liberal conception of freedom, individualism and moral navel that goes with it, to connect the atoms together other and recreate the unit to another level. than the likeness of the duplication of the same egos
These distinctions exist, and others, and for a long long time probably. We place our priorities elsewhere.
Our motivation to participate in the Meeting of Saint-Imier therefore based primarily on the desire to meet people going in the same direction as what we do and say, or less likely to find interest , comrades that challenge us on what they are or what they thought, what they want or they realize it or carry it ... and besides, whatever the degree of political proximity.

This terrible concern for representation and entertainment

In the RIA, a hundred meetings were held in parallel in several places, along with a book fair, film screenings and concerts. These events have involved people of different ages, backgrounds and diverse political cultures, and if a lot of them preferred to stay outside in the beautiful sunshine, the audience discussion was large and attentive, despite the heaviness of operation imposed by the translation of interventions, which often blocked the expression of thoughts and formal presentations, sometimes leaving room for superficial and specific aspects. Some discussions addressed the situation in a country or region (Arab revolutions, Israel / Palestine, Mexico, Brazil, Japan, Belarus ...), but more focused on an ideological or timeless theme (education and libertarian pedagogy, Esperanto disobedience - with Xavier Renou - sport and anarchism ...) at the expense of social struggles. In addition, the "conference" style frequently winning at the expense of real exchanges.

The "anarcha-feminist workshop," quickly became unmixed, is the only place for discussion that lasted throughout the meeting, and it has somehow been enhanced since it was scheduled each day at the same hours in the largest and the only room that could be a simultaneous translation. Women who are united among others have analyzed the assembly in which they were to point to certain realities (unfortunately classic in militant circles whatsoever) that people introducing debates were mostly men, and that the speeches were still quite unbalanced in their favor. This situation is partly explained by the fact that men are struggling to give them a place, of course, but also by the composition of the militant structures by gender (usually a female third - two-thirds male) by the preference of many women for a specific investment in the association or trade union sectors, rather than for ideological discussions and "experts" of the theory, for their less accustomed than men to speak in public, etc..
What In any case, the means available to show that this workshop was not seen as a threat by the organization (proposed in May by members of the Committee of the FA Women, the initiative committee was "committed by him" according to them), but rather as a "plus" in relation to the sought, in these times of "parity" touted in politicians spheres picture. And if, during the closing meeting, women intervened to emphasize the significance of male domination in these places collectively reading a text [2], the "ruckus" that resulted remained controlled by the organizational structure.

The municipality of Saint-Imier facilitated RIA: provision of processed campsites and main municipal building land. As for the police, it was remarkably quiet. In the streets, you could still notice the almost complete absence of the population (4700 inhabitants es): we could only see groups of black ants (more than other colors) is making an "anarchist space" to another. There are almost no incidents, in any case much less than in some local festivals seems. "Good behavior" which earned the Meet some positive feedback in the press. Journalists found "nice" these people altogether especially picturesque. We read an article in the declaration of an official of the FA (which is heavily involved in the organization work with the Swiss OSL): "The world of tomorrow might look like the Switzerland of today ' Today, that is a federal system where everyone has their own powers, while adhering to a global organization guarantees freedoms guidelines. " A misquote by the reporter, after their author, but did he seem officially denied.
Moreover, in the report that was done on the meeting, the organizers interviewed explained that it was possible to learn about a "movement rather misunderstood" by highlighting the ideas of pacifism, non-violence, ecology, anti-authoritarianism. Nothing on any desire to destroy the state and capitalism, nor any involvement in social struggles. [3] In short, it was apparently to make people calm, ideology poorly defined but rather lying "in the far left of the left" while maintaining their ecological pacifico-punk folklore! A choice that promotes their dissociation by the press of the possible future troublemakers, comparable to simple and offenders can not enter the "social struggles" if "anarchists" are kind, who fuck shit are thugs common law. [4]

As elsewhere, a taste for victimization

RIA Saint-Imier has thus included in the current "politically correct" drift and "alternative lifestyle" of anarchist circles where you can easily self-defined as the cream of Anarchy while being centered -e on his navel than the struggles. We could hear such praise waste collection in the trash, on the illusion of being outside doing the "system", as if it could be anything other than a means of survival ...
But if the movements This anarchism emerged in this RIA and disproportionate hegemonic position, and whether there is in the content of the debates this lack of real struggles, it is because a large number of comrades-are invested in to the daily have not felt or seen the interest to come here ... and have not been encouraged es by highlighting the "memorial" and ideological aspect. This is precisely the deliberate organizational choice that produced such a little ectoplasmic gathering where everyone could yell-e oppression when his desires were not realized. Witness the only "actions" that have taken place, led by vegans (see box below) in "internal" - a procedure much easier to achieve than the "outside", because it is well known, the "anarchist movement" is a soft underbelly which we can apply the famous "fittest" - so towards the "family", and in order to "educate" course.

In conclusion, for his escape gatherings such ruts, it would have the "movement" call into question a certain thirst for self-congratulation and staged appearances anchored on finding recognition, including the institutions of the capitalist society [5], and the strong identity and cultural dimensions that produce the desire to belong to a kind of against-society "anarchist" with its codes and signs of recognition, its folklore, its aesthetic ... But also, that are questioned its historical shortcuts and the timelessness of its proposals arising from the formation of a doctrinaire body become abstract - surely on the belief that it is possible only by the power of the word and the idea, give them substantial thickness, the undisputed power of truth, which transforms the anarchist discourse in a catechism, a series of pseudo-receipts and simplistic slogans in a rhetorical idling and decontextualized ... that new Internet technologies seem to expand and multiply to infinity.
Anyway, a healthy questioning but no less obvious.

Activists of the far-OCL are in Saint-Imier

(This article was originally published in No. 223 of Alternating Current, October 2012)

___

Notes:

[1]. View the presentation and assessment at the end of this text.

[2]. They also announced the creation of an anarcha-feminist network (which should run from October on a joint basis and not by appointment) and a website and anarcha-feminist international meeting unmixed in two years .

[3]. Two "international" held at the same time their conference or meeting in Saint-Imier: International of Anarchist Federations and Anarkismo. Being no because not affiliated with them, we can not refer us to their final resolutions. And it is clear that they are more Anarkismo anchored in the concrete of the class struggle as the IFA, which remain (unsurprisingly) very general and timeless perspective.

[4]. Shortly before the RIA, the organizing committee had already set the stage by issuing a statement which read: "The expression and manifestation (...) of all forms of violence (...) will not be tolerated. "

[5]. This constant concern throughout the anarchist demonstrations, saying ultimately one and the same thing: "We're here," "It is actually part of history" emerged during the recent commemoration of the liberation of Paris: anarchist wanted to participate in the ceremony on August 25 at the City Hall by displaying flags, and fifteen of them were kept for a few hours in both offices. A statement from the FA said on this subject: "It is time to recognize that many anarchists have played a role in the fight against Nazism and contributed to the liberation of our country" (sic) - but what it is claimed here? The black and red flag is associated with the French flag, that are invited to the ceremonies of the Republic "anarchists representatives" ...?

Synthesis and Platform

The Anarchist Synthesis written by SÃbastien Faure in 1928 seeking to hold together the three main currents of the time - anarchist-communists, anarchists, syndicalists and anarchists individualists. There is there actually a minimal organizational synthesis, flexible, Federal, and not looking for a summary of the political content, exceeding the "current". This is the kind of cohabitation in a common house which aims to keep afloat an ideological core of a propaganda activity to a body of ideas common assumed. As his sister enemy's called Archinov Platform (1926), Synthesis was written in a period marked by the Leninist-against-bureaucratic revolution in Russia and the reflux period of class struggle and revolutionary labor movement in Eastern Europe west.
Both options bear traces of the specific context that gave it birth. For one, the influence of the liberal ideas of the Enlightenment, humanism and various currents "rationalists" and for another, the primacy of organizational effectiveness compared to the one demonstrated the Bolshevik Party (and the Red Army) during the Russian revolution.

The "anarchist society", a Swiss who eat vegan?
Help, flee!

The Organizing Committee Meetings Saint-Imier had agreed to as canteens vegan are only there to provide food - except for a "snack area" with a barbecue and a plate to make pancakes. But this quasi-monopoly vegan was not enough to es-some who saw it as an issue in a "fight" between the "animal liberation" and women! Three nights in a row, the barbecue has been shit, cigarette butts and water. The last evening, a group of people made ââthe chain around this place "cursed" to prevent any approach shouting: "Non-violence! "Accusing" viandards "to be criminals or fascists, or claiming that the" real "anarchists do not eat meat ...
What could seem so far a marginal phenomenon is not worth the trouble of fighting is and appeared to be carrying a hegemonic control. The usual arguments about the ease with cooking vegan , to food for tou-te-s, their support for the power that would deprive other heavy task ... were unveiled to reveal the desire to impose an ideology by both physical strength and a speech referred to guilt.

This is only a reflection of Puritanism which is expressed more clearly advocating a "politically correct" language and dress in the current "lifestyle" anarchist. Of course, most of those present at Saint-Imier did not dare respond to this attack based on the guilt of eating the meat - such as drinking alcohol, be a man and man, of be white, to be North to be straight or just gay - ... and the barbecue was not defended.

However, it is not difficult to point his striker es "poor whites" and European citizens are struggling to see the world except through their own culture and ignore both the nature and the social struggles. They they have apparently claimed es of the Animal Liberation Front - ie including Walter Bond, which is ProLife among other things - and the Swiss episode gives a glimpse of the drifts in which veganism may fall, not to mention of ethnocentrism and even racism, leading to condemn people who eat meat for thousands of years and survive through this while respecting nature, such as the Inuit.

The militant vegan is focused on the exploitation of animals and their attitude is part of a scene, an alternative lifestyle. They and they were "assaulted es by the smell of sausages," we were told in their anti-barbecue chain that evening. And also: "Tolerating there are places where one eats meat, it is tolerated as there is a place where we can beat women. "Or," I'm not vegan, but I solidarity with because they are victims - such as women! "In short, women in the Middle Ages were considered inferior to men on the argument that they were not provided with soul, making them animals, see men join in the animal world - small consolation.

Presentation of debates organized by the OCL

Environmental struggles and Planning

Constantly looking for new markets and efficiency gains, capitalism seeks to invest the most remote places on the planet, as the most trivial aspects of our lives. Today, this leak before pushing productivist capitalism outsource production to lower wages in profitable sectors such as water, health, education, housing, etc.. through privatization and the scarce, but also by creating new infrastructure, transport (people and goods), energy, mining, food ...
The two most visible consequences of these Major projects are a growing casualization and dispossession of the population, and accelerated destruction of the territories on the planet: deforestation, desertification, pollution, depletion definitive 'resources' ...

Worldwide, in Europe and in France, large industrial and commercial projects were launched: dams, deep water ports, open pit mining, oil and gas, highways and freeways, airports ...
They just add up previous installations and further exacerbate pollution.
For example, high-speed rail line (HSL) must engulf billion for fewer passengers, fewer stations served, continuous consumption and increasing energy, thousands hectares of farmland removed and trenches slashing the country for a few minutes and won passage for a few large groups of new construction can pocket profits.
Thus, an additional airport - and unnecessary - to Notre Dame des Landes or gigantic underground station in Stuttgart and several tunnels (one of 58 km) in the Alps between the Val di Susa (Italy) and the Maurienne Valley (France) as a current or imminent start of gigantic projects imposed devastating to the people of Basque Country for the TAV can move (in some years) between regional and national cities in this part of Europe. Or a nuclear reactor at Flamanville EPR oversized, new LNG terminals in the Channel and the Mediterranean, not to mention the exploitation of shale gas, creating huge wind farms and sustainability of nuclear power, especially in France .. .

What was once referred to as the Progress and its benefits by the Left and many revolutionaries, turns out to be so blatant a true collective suicide for the human species and the planet, as the last episode of Fukushima has recalled or . the increasing scarcity of fresh water available
These projects are supported by the central myth of endless growth, the GDP of the "wealth" of jobs, but this mythology hill on an insurmountable contradiction: the planet is finite and reproduction of the conditions of life on the earth is gradually jeopardized if it does not break with the capitalist logic of accumulation by dispossession and destruction.

This is what does not want to see those who benefit and shaping the "opinion" by making new "needs": the wealthy who live a bit in another world and see in this "progress" achievements that will further enhance their lifestyle. Fly where you want, when you want, deliver the plundered goods produced elsewhere or at low cost as soon as possible and throughout the year, to move quickly throughout the country in almost TGV reserved to their class, and continue to consume power without risk of shortages, this is what they want. The consequences of the "other" (which are the majority) are for them as collateral damage, to store in the profit and loss somehow.
Unlike some environmentalists that reduce the commitment to a series of small "gestures" and pure ethics and individual sobriety and simplicity of choice, we believe that there is in these so-called socio-environmental issues of collective struggles, issues of class and society: where exactly coincide ways of living, ways to satisfy that provides a certain social position, and a certain social organization related to configuration of the economy that make them possible.
Therefore, this ruling class, it is necessary to take away the power to decide that because it it decides by itself, it does so primarily for itself, what we can do as well, what we do, but with the difference that we are more numerous and neither needs nor our ways to satisfy are the same!
Continued major operating and infrastructure projects also causes changes that are presented as natural and irreversible: metropolisation urbanization and territories (and "shantytowns" world), disappearance of the subsistence agriculture to agro-industry in a globalized market, the rise of new forms of poverty and dependency (access to water, food and health matters).

This "developmentalism" capitalist tends to expand even further the blindness of consumerism, to disconnect more the sphere of "needs" (capitalism of seduction) those human capabilities and the use of available resources. Moreover, not content with destroying territories, mega projects, including transport, aim to submit our lives to the rhythms and temporal movements of capital and its logic of immediacy, optimization, competition and speed .
Despite the "crisis" and attempts to discipline ourselves under the "debt", profitability and commercialization seem to know no limits ... except those imposed on them mobilized people and power relations that these resistance movements and social rebellion able to establish with the states and the large capitalist groups directly involved in these projects.

Fight against developmentalism , against large destructive and unnecessary to the four corners of the world works, but also where you are, is a fundamental part of the anticapitalist struggle today put these struggles inextricably involved, and report lifestyles and social organization, ways to produce and identify needs socially useful social reproduction and forms of political decision. They lay bare the foundations and mechanisms of the main forms of oppression and domination, and correspondingly can ask concrete evidence that another world that capitalism is possible. Starting - and beyond - their news, they define the essentials of a project of emancipation for the XXIst century elements.

That's all we want to discuss with peers interested in also insisting on more immediate issues. These industrial and commercial projects cause almost all popular resistance, sometimes massive, often determined, always repressed. However, some projects have been abandoned under duress actions and mobilizations of their opponents. It is possible to stop those who continue, even those whose work is about to begin.
What can our presence in these fights? How can we help reverse the balance of power, making it impossible to continue these projects by paying a cost (political and economic) to their exorbitant developers and investors? What can be our ability to weigh to connect struggles with each other and thus strengthen quantitatively and qualitatively by placing them in a global issue? How can we build the capacity of social self-determination and political autonomy of the wrestling moves vis-Ã-vis mediation and existing institutions? How can we contribute to the development and dissemination of an anti-capitalist and anti-productivist imagination without which any self empowerment perspective will long remain a dead letter?
___

The national liberation struggles

While capitalism is increasingly internationalized and tends to homogenize lifestyles, to commodify all human activities, men and women tend to reverse the move towards a rediscovery of their constituent identities (fictitious or real, or both).
's national liberation movements that emerge in recent years are often accused of reactionaries. They indicate a return of humanity to a kind of barbarism where nationalist clashes damn themselves the token to all hopes of peace, equality, socialism or otherwise they are carrying great hopes of seeing redefine world according contrary to those of dynamic capitalism and exploitation of man by man? Neither one nor the other likely.

The concept of nation can not be reduced either to a legal concept, not a limited space, let alone a state. The Nation is a group of people who identify themselves as belonging to them. The components that are self-recognition in a broad sense, culture. They are very diverse and range from the simple social organization habits, the language of religion, lifestyle mode of production, historical references to the recognition of a geographical area ... It is composed of a collective reference to all or only a portion thereof. It is a community of individuals with a number of common points at one point, but that is also simultaneously in time (past, present, past and future) and space.
Often we are aware of belonging when it is attacked or denied and the national liberation struggles express rebellion against the situation experienced by people exploited, dominated, colonized.

The national liberation struggles are immediately global and political dimension, since the people involved are fighting not only against what is imposed by the central government (or their representatives), namely the State General but also for the appropriation of a collective power in the actual space where they live, they are struggles for sovereignty. This implies that every struggle on an apparently partial or specific field immediately takes a broader dimension, which is also the struggles "against" something naturally call for reflection on "what do we want? any other company? "And often cause even the establishment of concrete alternatives.
's national liberation struggles are obviously not without contradictions (interclassism with the notion of "people", frontism) and like all other struggles they are crossed by the struggle classes. They can carry forward social and egalitarian project, but they are also frequently the running for the accession to power of a local bourgeoisie hitherto deprived of its powers by the colonizer. They also carry the risk of crossing a boundary point beyond which the assertion of ownership turns into a logic of exclusion.
therefore support certain national liberation struggles can not be unconditional. He must be careful to distinguish between directions and movements between states and peoples, between a people and social classes, and be careful in the first place the content of these struggles in the field of social emancipation and not . only national
We propose to discuss the following points:

What aspects of national liberation struggles that seem interesting and capable of enriching other struggles? What valuable lessons can be learned from these struggles?
As libertarian communists, what do we defend strategic areas in a national liberation struggle or part of its support?
___

Social demands, integration or autonomy?

When the proletariat still seemed about history coming social demands were both willing to immediate improvement of living conditions, but also the steps of a long walk to the accumulation of forces, of experiences, developing strategies to lead to a favorable report strengths and overthrow capitalism ... Social demands aimed at both better integration of capitalist society (now we're talking about access to consumption and services) and camp construction workers, with mutual and its associations, cooperatives, its unions and parties.
If different capitalism fought initially these organizations (see here all bloody episodes of repression and periods of war or dictatorship), facing the balance of power they finally legalized, normalized, in trying to promote the most conciliatory components. Capitalism has managed to escape or bypass events forces when they were unfavorable to him, then back to what had been granted, and establish control mechanisms.

150 years after the creation of the international anti-authoritarian, anarchist and anti-state revolutionary proposals have been marginalized and opposed by the Stalinist and social democratic options at major social crises of the twentieth century options, which in turn were reduced to a vague social liberalism, brother enemy of neo-liberalism, the politician scene at the beginning of XXI century.

Conditions of capitalist operation have changed substantially over time and space. Technical innovation and mass production have shifted the balance of power. Today, even if productive work is the core of the creation of wealth below a financial capitalism in the runaway, the flexibility of its development greatly complicates the construction of militant groups to ask another perspective that reproduction of capitalism in its sustainable and other green options.

It seems necessary, keeping in mind all these steps, these successes and these impasses, questioning the social claims and their ultimate consequences. To what extent are they integrated by capitalism or rather they promote the autonomy of labor relative to capital?

Is not this the same time of the claim that is the space where the self exist in a grid world and compartmentalized by the laws and rules can capitalists?

The illegality is it a decisive criterion for the methods of struggle against the institutionalization of structures and claims?



(Published in No. 222 of Alternating Current, summer 2012)

------

SUMMARY OF PROPOSED BY THE DEBATES OCL

Environmental struggles and land

The debate on major useless projects that OCL had proposed to lead has been linked to two other proposed that the Italian FA (the fight No Tav) and Libertarian Alternative (ecology and consumption), which was forced to limit strictly in time their presentations, under penalty of "drunk" the audience.
For us, the term used in the conference program meetings came more in contradiction with the spirit in which we wanted to share. And, although taking place in the largest room, with simultaneous translation, this debate has touched on the proposed issues. But it was perhaps too ambitious to wait more than a communication 'anarchist' struggles on site. Yet they raise in their practical issues of the avant-garde, the democratic process at the grassroots struggle and in the society, the real usefulness of social projects fought for what interests - private or state .. .
Anyway, these are struggles that clearly illustrate the social question in all its breadth and complexity. Nevertheless, a number of interesting discussions on the subject have been conducted outside of these times too short.
___

The national liberation struggles

Initiate a debate on this issue in an anarchist community at large fairly open or interested in these struggles considered automatically nationalists was an opportunity for us, from there, to reaffirm and clarify what we mean in general by "movement "that is to say something that contours and positions are not fixed, and can only afford a collective approach to the possibility of changing the world. It was also an opportunity to reaffirm a staunch anti-colonialist and anti-imperialist position.
A hundred people attended the debate, much of which occurred in an open atmosphere without anyone, including the most hostile to the subject, simply recite a catechism timeless. Obviously, the problem of translation, as in most other forums, has dramatically slowed discussions, obliterating any possibility to go further and especially limiting the number of participants, lack of time. Probably would have been better, in the absence of good simultaneous translators, to some debate in one language and then write a report, thus most searched for other speakers involved. Each other and would have found their account, but it would probably hit the politically correct who reigned in Saint-Imier and wanted no one feels left out - at least in the forms!

___

Social demands, integration or autonomy?

A hundred people here too, despite the sweltering heat that reigned in the room - the external sound and music settings for the evening concert forced to keep windows closed. Again, there was the problem of the time required for translation (thank you to the volunteers in the room), what our limitations introduction braked and the exchange dynamics. It was said that if input officially OCL animated debate was not a debate of the OCL, but a discussion on what was left as spaces of autonomy (class for us) in both places control in the claims developed by the actors in these struggles.
Unfortunately, despite the history that was made ââthen this class autonomy (the first unions, labor exchanges and others, until its liquidation or integration into the workings of the state over the struggles) and a reminder of the power relations and the development of capitalism, private or state, in trade which followed some people started rather prominently collective alternative places: squats, administered social spaces, etc.. For another, autonomy was his way of living and individual, refusing wage labor, it accommodated well in the lifestyle of the surplus that our affluent society allowed him to recover.
Thus, despite the wealth of testimonies and experiences of each other, the notion of independent facilities was highlighted aclassiste and was especially favored modes of cultural life (only one speaker explained CNT collective work in the exchange and solidarity between producers and workers or nearby residents to promote collective social dynamics). And they said they are certainly anti-capitalist, anti-authoritarian and self-management, as "anarchists", but had little or no connection with the world of work - something that we mattered most.

(Originally published in No. 223 of Alternating Current, October 2012)
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