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(en) US, The nature of the 'communist' states - An anarchist analysis of the Soviet Union by Wayne Price

Date Wed, 28 Jun 2006 07:36:08 +0300

The most important reason for studying the nature of the Soviet
Union and similar states is the light it sheds on what we mean by
anti-capitalism and socialism. . Whether we regard these states as
socialist determines what we think is the alternative to capitalism.
There are a great many radicals who are attracted to the model of the
old Soviet Union or of Maoist China, who are impressed by Cuba
today or by the Nepalese Maoists. Conversely, the establishments of
Western capitalism have been glad to agree that the Soviet Union,
China, Cuba, etc. are/were “socialist” and “communist.” They say,
capitalism may have faults, but this is the only “anti-capitalist”
alternative which ever was or ever could be.

These three essays published on Anarkismo over the last three
months by Wayne Price look at the true nature of these states.

Part 1 What Do We Mean By Anti-Capitalism?
If anti-capitalists want an alternative to capitalism, we need to
examine the nature of countries of the type of the Soviet Union.
There are three groups of theories about them. One is the idea that
these societies are socialist or “workers’ states.” This
will be compared with the original libertarian goals of classless
socialism. - http://www.anarkismo.net/newswire.php?story_id=2925

Part 2 The Bureaucratic Ruling Class vs. Democratic
This part goes over the theories that Communist Party-ruled
societies are neither pro-socialist nor capitalist but are a new kind of
class society. These theories are correct in believing that the
collective bureaucracy is a new ruling class but wrong in denying
that these societies are a variety of capitalism. They raised questions
about the nature of Fascism. Such theories bring out the need for
participatory democracy and workers’ self-management. -

Part 3 State Capitalism vs. Libertarian Socialism

The Soviet Union and similar states are analyzed as State Capitalist.
These states had commodity production, the exploitation of the
workers, and internal competition. It is not enough to collectivize
property; it is necessary to abolish the capital-labor relationship. The
program of state socialism invariably produces state capitalism in
practice. - http://www.anarkismo.net/newswire.php?story_id=3304
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