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(en) Anarkismo.net - Palestinian Parliamentary Elections: The Hamas Victory* - The Machiavellian NaZionist scheme backfires by Ilan Shalif (tr, ca, it)

Date Fri, 03 Feb 2006 19:18:59 +0200


The Israeli ruling elite, who counted on the willingness of the PLO
and Fatah to compromise in order to let them keep some of the territories
occupied during the 1967 war (if pressed long enough), made a miscalculation.
Part of these weakening efforts involved leniency towards the fundamentalist
Hamas, that was supposed to substitute the nationalist tendency with a religious
agenda. The effects of this strategy led simply to a weakening of the corrupt
Palestinian authority to levels that became too high to control, giving the
Israelis in return a more fundamentalist and less corrupt/bribable Hamas
governmentthat has taken on itself both fundamentalism and the active struggle
against the occupation from the religious point of view (the extreme nationalist
aspect of the religious is not restricted to the Jewish religion...).

The modern Capitalist system is dependent on a capitalist class that
dominates the State bureaucracy. When the capitalist system is
imposed by ex-colonial rulers without a strong enough capitalist
class, the State bureaucracy or the military elite take control. In the
case of the Palestinian territories handed over to the rule of the
returning PLO military and bureaucracy, there was no restraining
influence from a strong, local capitalist class. Thus, the higher-level
personnel among the returnees used corruption to enrich themselves
and bribed the lower-level personnel to ensure their loyalty.

The working class and the peasants could only envy the new corrupt
ruling elite. This system could not function properly as it was not
independent of the Israeli occupation forces, who encouraged the
growth of the fundamentalist Hamas.

Thus Hamas, who have distributed a lot of charity to the most
needy, also through their NGO-like facilities in areas such as
medical care, education and social services, behaved in what seemed
to be a non-corrupt way, thereby managing to get plenty of sympathy
votes, even from people who could not be considered as
fundamentalists.

From the polls it seems that the voters of Fatah and Hamas did not
differ so much where their level of religious fervour was concerned.
But there were two other reasons not connected with religion that
made people vote for Hamas: first, as a form of punishment of the
corrupt Fatah group, and second, in support of their more systematic
fight with Israel.

In addition, Fatah was so disorganized as a result of internal conflicts
and the persistent assaults by Israeli forces, and was plagued with so
many internal rivalries, that Hamas was able to increase the number
of its MPs beyond that which its core of voters would normally
allow.

Hamas itself is not monolithic. The main motivation of its core
activists is to promote the Islamic religion, so they did use extreme
national militancy for several years. However, there are many of
them who would be willing to compromise with Israel and the
imperial powers in order to keep themselves on top, or as an
important factor.

It is not by chance that in one municipality in which Hamas won
control the council a year ago, only Fatah candidates were elected, or
that in the small village of Bil'in in which the nationalist popular
committee for the struggle against the fence is doing such good
work, Fatah obtained 20 votes more than Hamas.

Hamas achieved about 42.9% of the total votes in the present
Palestinian elections. However, due to the disorganization of Fatah,
and the election procedure - half (66 seats) elected in the
proportional vote and half in the regional constituency vote (66) -
they obtained 56% of the seats in the PNA parliament. Now they will
have to decide (or split) if they want to use their new power to
promote their fundamentalism using the Palestinian Authority
system and stop the military resistance in return for legitimacy in the
eyes of the main capitalist states.

Ilan S.

* An Israeli anarchist communist briefly examines the results of the
elections to the Palestinian parliament which saw the defeat of the
previous majority party, Fatah, in favour of the fundamentalist
Hamas, running under the name of "Change and Reform".


Article written for Anarki

by Ilan Shalif - AATW (personal capacity)
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