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(en) Russia, Kronstadt: black and red flags on the dam 19.07.05

Date Tue, 19 Jul 2005 18:33:48 +0300


http://www.avtonom.org/news/0505.html See photos.
A group of anarchist warriors from the Resistance Group Piotr Aleksevich
(Kropotkin - for the historically challenged) raised the black and red flags
on Kronstadt this July 17 to commemorate the 88th anniversary of the uprising.
Babel Fish Translation: Three red- black flags of revolutionary socialists
from amicably to us resistance movements im. Peter Alekseyev were raised on the
illuminating towers of the Kronstadt dam on 17 July. Action was timed to the
88 - summer anniversary of the July uprising, when workers and the soldiers of
Petrograd, and also the sailors of Kronstadt attempted to throw down the bourgeois
provisional government, whose policy conducted revolution into the blind alley.

If this attempt crowned by success, Russian revolution
would be developed along the way of the independent
activity of the workers of the masses: Kronstadt
dam - outstanding place for the surveys of film -antiutopii.
Unfinished bridge, the deserted bulldozers, tractors,
automobiles, granite stones, enormous sandy massifs, rusty
illuminating towers with height with 8-10 storeyed house.
Specifically, these towers, which stand along the motor road,
selected activists DSPA for the accomplishment of action.
Revolutionary banners appeared on them. They are well visible
with the highway. Hardly someone will risk to tear away them.
Look into the past: July explosion 88 years ago, 4 (18) July
1917 (let us recall that the old style lags behind the present to
two weeks), 10 thousand sailors of Kronstadt (eyewitness of
events Nikolai Sukhanov he speaks about 20 thousand) on 40
vessels of profit into Petrograd in order to participate in the
uprising against the provisional government, which did not
carry out the social requirements of masses, and to transmit
authority to working councils. the 1st machine-gun regiment,
where anarchist- Communists conquered the strong positions,
first decided to come out, him supported the workers Of the
putilovskeyeo plant, where the response of the proposal of
anarcho-syndicalists for the organization of production found.
3 (17) July the delegation of the 1st machine-gun regiment
arrived to revolutionary Kronstadt after the help. The meeting
began over the anchor area. Kronstadt sailors were ready to
here leave for Petrograd. But so that it is better to be prepared
for the events, output from Kronstadt they put off until
morning 4 (18) July. Vessels with kronshtadttsami moored to
The nikolayevskoy (now - university) embankment. Sailors
broke toward the forces and were directed to the center of city.
Them joyfully met workers soldiers. Provisional government
was paralyzed. Authority was dragged along on the street. But
the party leaders of social-Democrat- Bolsheviks decided to
zatormozit' the development of uprising. And this had sad
consequences, because Bolsheviks used the confidence of
workers. During April 1917, after Vladimir Lenin's arrival from
the emigration, the Bolsheviks forewent the old
social-democratic program and caught the slogans of socialist-
revolutionaries (' the Earth - to peasants!') and anarchists ('
factories - by worker!').

Many activists OF RSDRP - RUSSIAN SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC WORKERS' PARTY (b)
were their in the working and soldier associations. For
example, in the working medium enjoyed large popularity
Bolshevik Aleksandr shlyapnikov, who in the years of the First
World War worked as turner at the plants of Petrograd, and in
the chapter of kronshtadttsev stood Bolsheviks Fedor
raskol'nikov the seeds Of roshal'. However, already then they
acted on the directives on top. ' there was a very good custom,
according to which I daily rang in Pieter and, after causing to
the telephone of Lenin, Zinovev or Kameneva, it reported to
them about entire proceeding in Kronstadt and obtained the
instructions, necessary for the current work ', writes Fedor
raskol'nikov in the memoirs "Kronstadt and Pieter in 1917 '
(publ. 1989. S.y'0). Specifically, this telephone right forced it '
from the considerations of the expediency to resort to the
diplomacy ' - to hide from the sailors, that the 1st
machine-gun regiment finally persuaded by anarchists already
appeared in Petrograd, about which itself of dissenters learned
from Leo kamenev. Directly let us say, this act will agree
poorly with the winged words of Lenin: "our force in the
statement of truth '. 4 (on 18 July) dissenters and Roshal' led
seamen to the palace Of kshesinskoy, where the staff of
Bolsheviks was located. ' Lenin from the balcony pronounced
by them the speech of the very ambiguous content, recalls the
independent social democrat Nikolai Sukhanov. - from
standing before it, it would seem, imposing force Lenin
required no concrete actions, he did not call his even audience
to continue street demonstrations, although this audience
recently proved its readiness for the battle by bulky journey
from Kronstadt to Petersburg ' (notes about the revolution.
Publ. 1991. T.2. Of s.ee0). Lenin was finished by the general
phrases: it called names provisional government, expressed
confidence that the slogan is "entire Soviet form of
government!' compulsorily it will conquer and called to the
vigilance (see PSS. T.eya. s. 23-24). Kronshtadttsy, machine
gunners and workers -putilovqy surrounded The tavricheskiy
palace, where sat conciliating It petrosovet, and even they
arrested "selyanskogo minister ', right socialist revolutionary of
Victor Chernov, who 1917- m far went away from the
revolutionary program of his party. From it they awaited the
project of full-scale agarnoy reform, and it proposed measly
half-measures. To help out Chernov hurried social democrat
Leo trotskiy, who then worked in one bond with the
Bolsheviks. ' Trotsky it knew and to it, it would seem, believed
entire Kronstadt. But Trotsky beginnings, but crowd was not
stopped, recalls Sukhanov. - just barely Trotsky, agitated and
who did not find words in the wild situation, forced to listen to
himself the nearest numbers but that he spoke he!'. Trotsky
"included ' pathos-arousing eloquence, named the sailors of
Kronstadt Of" krasoy and prides of revolution ' and asked them
to let go Chernov. ' I me it seemed that sailor, repeatedly who
heard Trotsky in Kronstadt, the impression of the treason of
Trotsky now is experienced: it remembers its previous
speeches:, - continues Sukhanov. - without knowing that to
make, kronshtadttsy let go Chernov. Trotsky took it as the
hand and in haste he took away inside the palace: Moment was
missed, mood is biased, psyche was tangled ' (notes about the
revolution. T.2. Of s.eee-eeya). The indecision of the Leninists
and Trotsky was wrapped up by bloody bath - the shooting of
the demonstration of workers and soldiers on Nevsky Prospekt.
The leaders of Bolsheviks proved to be in the prison (Trotsky,
Kamenev, dissenters and other.) or send to the illegal position
(Lenin, Zinov'ev, Stalin). During the July days the behavior of
Bolshevik elite was dictated not by tactical error as, let us say,
the behavior of the left socialist revolutionaries, who then acted
jointly with the Bolsheviks, but it escaped from their strategic
vision of revolutionary process. In the Bolshevik understanding
"dictatorship of the proletariat ', this - not the transfer of full
weight of the authority of the developed network of working
organizations, but the dictatorship of party, which best
anything realizes the objective interests of working class. To
July 1917 entire Russia was already covered with the network
of working independent activity. Conditions for the social
revolution and the scrap of old government machine matured
completely. But in the Bolshevik understanding councils - not
the organs of people self-organizing, but arena for the political
contest between the parties. Leninists strove for predominance
councils in order to subordinate them to themselves, to make
by drive belts of party dictatorship. To July the Bolsheviks yet
did not have time to completely conquer councils and factory
committees, to press of them anarchists, socialist
revolutionaries, maximalists, sindikalistov.

They understood, that the success of uprising will not lead to the
establishment of their party dictatorship; therefore the position
OF RSDRP - RUSSIAN SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC WORKERS' PARTY (b)
during the July days was capitulatory. Despite not on what the
July days they entered into the history as the explosion of
people initiative as the materialized desire of the workers of
masses to attain the realization of age long Russian dream
about the earth and the will. And Kronstadt sailors dispatch in
the advance guard of this motion.

Our information:
The building of kronshtadskoy dam is conducted azh since 1979.
In the Soviet years - with 1979- GO on 1989 - into the building
of dam there was vbukhano of 30 billion rubles. 2000- m the
building of dam was defrosted, and each yr to the realization
of project enormous sums are separated. For example, 2004 - m
to it are shrewd 750 mln. rubles from the budget RF, and 40
million dollars gave out the European bank of reconstruction
and development (YEBRR). In 2005 the dam will gorge 600 mln.
rubles from the budget RF and 93 million dollars from YEBRR.
However, in spite of abundant financial infusions, the building
of dam barely is conducted. Rust the deserted technology, metal
structures, some enormous aggregates. Road on the dam to
Kronstadt and vice versa - the present road of risk. Twisting,
with pits and bumps, by pits. Building of dam - scandalous
example of the embezzlement of officials. according to the
communication of press - service DSPA

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