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(en) New book on the "Anarchist women of the River Plate" (ca,it)

From Worker <a-infos-en@ainfos.ca>
Date Sat, 10 Jul 2004 15:16:00 +0200 (CEST)


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Local publishing company Orbis Press has just published the book "Las
anarquistas rioplatenses 1890-1990" [Anarchist Women of the River Plate
- tr.], an investigative essay on prominent women in the world of
activism and contemporary literature in Argentina. On reading this
book, the most surprising thing is to discover something which was
thought to be non-existant. This book, in fact, produces just that: the
surprise of discovering women who were remarkable for their revolutionary
capacity and the surprise of realizing we have forgotten what they did.
Thanks to the investigative work of Dr. Cristina Guzzo, who has delved
into archives and libraries and listened to the protagonists and the
voice of the people that never forgets, we now clearly know about the
activism and literature of anarchist women in the River Plate area,
whose work embraces the whole 20th century.

By using the theoretical framework of feminism with discretion and by
providing us with the necessary historical contexts, Guzzo puts the
role of these female libertarians into perspective and we see the
importance of their work amidst the Gaucho machoism, dictatorial
repression and the ignorance of their own ideological comrades.

With the whole patriarchal society and culture against them, they were
able to transmit their rebelliousness - No Gods, No Masters, No
Husbands! - not only through articles published in newspapers which
they themselves had founded, but also by means of real, passionate and
intense activism, also on the streets. We discover how it was Virginia
Bolten who was the first woman in the River Plate area to raise her
voice through her writings at the end of the 19th century.

With astonishment we learn that, from the early age of fifteen, Juana
Rouco Buela already stood out in the libertarian struggles, working as
an orator and one of the leaders of the tenants' strike in 1907. Guzzo
also introduces us to Salvadora Onrubia de Botana, a humanist anarchist
who stood against the social conventions, helping to educate the people
in the Buenos Aires area in the '20s.

The philospoher Luce Fabbri closes the cycle between the forced exiles
and words for the new millennium, notwithstanding the dominion of the
free market, the globalization of capital and the so-called end of
ideologies; a great optimist who lived to her nineties, Fabbri
maintained: "Utopia is the motor of reality and anarchy is its most
profound order".

These women, then, not only sought to establish economic justice and to
eliminate the differences between the sexes, they also looked for
honesty in inter-sex relationships, they questioned the family as an
authoritarian unit, they struggled for women to become the full owners
of their bodies and for the right to pleasure.

Plainly and simply, they dedicated their lives to the struggle for the
absolute freedom to love.


A word about the author: Cristina Guzzo

Born in Argentina, she is a Professor of Spanish in Ball State
University, Indiana, USA. She has taught in the University of Buenos
Aires, the National University in Salta, Albertson College in Idaho,
USA and Arizona State University where she obtained a doctorate in
Hispanic Literature.

She has published many articles regarding women's studies, Latin
American culture, literature and language in such journals as The
Americas Review, The Latinoamericanist, Alba de América, Revista
Chilena de Literatura, Fragmentos de Cultura and many more.


The publishers, Orbis Press, are situated at 4000 North 7th. Street
Suite 102 between Osborn and Indian School, Phoenix, Arizona, 85014
USA. Telephono (602) 264-5011, FAX (602) 604-8179. E-mail address:
editor@orbispress.com


This article first appeared on 8th July 2004 in "La Voz", a
Castillian-language weekly which is published in Phoenix, Arizona, U$A

[From the anarqlat mailing list; translation by ainfos]

Sender: "Nelson Méndez" <mendezn -A- camelot.rect.ucv.ve>


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