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(en) Brazil, Sao Paulo, Final Declaration of the 2nd Forum of Organized Anarchism 2003 14 - 16 November 2003

From FdCA International Relations Office <internazionale@fdca.it>
Date Sat, 31 Jan 2004 22:32:09 +0100 (CET)

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This is an account of the discussions carried on in the workgroups during the
2nd FOA based on the agenda established during the preparatory plenaries.
These texts were approved by consensus during the plenary of November 16.
In the discussions on the first point of the FOA agenda, it was pointed
out that anarchism should organize itself politically and that, like
propaganda, this organization is a means for political practice and not
an end in itself. Programmatic unity is required in this organization,
owing to the existence of differing conceptions of anarchism, something
which could hinder the elaboration of strategies and compromise this unity.

Within that axis, it is important to point out the existence of two
basic methods, one specifically anarchist and political, the other of
social militancy, not necessarily anarchist.

On the political level, it was stressed that the organization needs to
develop strategies, to elaborate a programme of action and propaganda
whose aim is to encourage a revolutionary process to break with
capitalism and build a libertarian socialist society. It is part of
strategy to encourage the social movements towards a revolutionary
direction, preserving the autonomy of the movement and not taking it
over as most of the left does. The organization should reflect on its
militants' involvement in the social movements, taking care that the
winning of immediate demands does not fall into reformism and lose its
revolutionary nature. During the discussions, the possibility was
considered of an alliance on a political and social level with groups
having different ideas.


Regarding the methods of anarchist organization, it was agreed that it
is necessary to establish membership criteria at a political level:
personal commitment; the development of social practices; a progressive
increase in participation and responsibility; coherence in political
action and education (presentation and discussion of the programme,
documents and reference texts, all this accompanied by a militant). On
a social level the criteria are more flexible and contextualized to the

Regarding decisional methods, the search for consensus is a priority.
When there is no consensus, the method used is the vote, but always
noting the minority position for subsequent assessment, guaranteeing
unity in action.

Regular meetings of the organization should take place - something that
reflects on the organized nature of the group - and care should be
taken to observe punctuality, frequency, agenda-writing and
minute-taking, the delegation of tasks. As far as discipline is
concerned, the following should be guaranteed: the carrying out of
tasks, implementation of the group's policies, punctuality, collective
responsibility; it is the responsibility of each group to decide how it
will solve ethical and discipline problems.

An organization or group should have a financial policy with fixed
individual dues and/or the production of material and events, and
should maintain contact with other groups and establish security

The operations of an anarchist organization should be regulated through
federalism, which uses direct democracy and delegation in the basic
mechanisms of operation. Delegates defend the decisions of the group
and not their individual considerations; therefore the mandate is
momentary, revocable and should rotate in order to avoid overload and
centralization (imperative mandate).


Social militancy arises and is based in the society of classes - a
consequence of the capitalist system - and should therefore: stimulate
the development of class consciousness and of the struggle which exists
between them; combat bourgeois ideology; promote popular participation
in the process of rupture. This makes it possible to put political
ideas into practice in pre-existing social bodies, to create other
autonomously-regulated bodies, and to encourage the involvement of
people and direct action, besides eventually establishing alliances
with other actors in the social movement. Militants (including those
who have opted to fight for the exploited classes in the present
society, regardless of their origins) must not take on any centralizing
function within the movement they take part in, and must ensure the
real participation of the people. Because this participation stems from
the population's real needs, militants' work must be centred on
material demands without losing sight of the revolutionary project, and
must seek to increase the level of class war on all fronts, thereby
avoiding a fall into reformism.

Differently from activism, social militancy implies responsibility,
regularity, constancy, self-discipline and an absence of separation
between those who act in the social realm and those who act only at the
political level. In order to better define their strategies for action
and build their priorities for struggle, these militants should analyze
the current situation, recognize their means and establish goals and
priorities for the short term and medium term. Furthermore, they need
to promote political education within the social militancy in order to
complement practice and should, as far as possible, promote the
anarchist view of concepts which have been disfigured by other
ideologies such as liberty, social transformation, libertarian
education, self-management, the masses, revolution, and so on.

In conclusion, all the workgroups during the FOA pointed to the need to
give continuity to the debate, to create regional bodies that involve
social and political practice activities, for which common agendas can
be arranged.

The FOA affirms that anarchist practice is rooted in the class struggle
as a revolutionary practice.


Organizations present at the FOA Plenary: Luta Libertária (Sao Paulo),
União Popular (Goiânia, Goiás), Federação Anarquista Gaúcha (Rio Grande
do Sul), Federação Anarquista Insurreição (Rio de Janeiro), Rede
Libertária da Baixada Santista (Santos, Sao Paulo), AR-S26 (Mogi das
Cruzes, Sao Paulo), RNT-1936 (Guarulhos, Sao Paulo), CRL (Sao Paulo),
TEAR (Sao Paulo), Utopia Socialista (Sao Paulo), GARRA (Sao Paulo),
CCMA (Sao Paulo), CELMA (Sao Paulo) and various individuals.

Translation by FdCA International Relations Office



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