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(en) Cuba: GALSIC Bulletin No.1 - February 2004 (ca)

From Worker <a-infos-en@ainfos.ca>
Date Sat, 21 Feb 2004 09:44:13 +0100 (CET)


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INDEPENDENT LIBRARIES
>From the moment that Castrism began to confiscate the revolution,
establishing totalitarian power over society, there have arisen
dissenting voices throughout Cuba. Neither have attempts to restore
freedom ceased since then. Successive waves of repression have
destroyed these attempts, but Cubans have not given up their desire for
freedom, with the result that, in an ever more open way, internal
dissidence has continued to demonstrate its desire to obtain freedom.
This will has been expressed through non-violent initiatives and the
initiatives of various independent groups which are not recognized by
the Castro régime - from peasants' cooperatives, doctors', lawyers',
teachers', journalists' and syndicalist associations etc., to political
parties. One such initiative was the creation of independent libraries
so that Cubans could escape official censorship and this way satisfy
their intellectual and political curiosity.

The first "independent library" was established on 3rd March 1998 in
Las Tunas by the economist Berta del Carmen Mexidor Vázquez. After
hearing Fidel Castro's declaration at the International Havana
Bookfair, saying that "there are no forbidden books in Cuba, but rather
there is no money to buy them", Berta decided to open her house and her
library to "anyone interested in broadening their cultural and
investigative horizons". To counteract the interest awakened by this
new reading centre, the authorities opened up a new Library Building in
Las Tunas some months later.

After noticing that certain sectors of the population who had
traditionally not been part of the opposition movement were becoming
involved in the initiative, the promoters of the first independent
library then decided to create cultural centres to "promote reading not
as the mere act of receiving knowledge, but as a way to materialize and
form free individual opinions, without censorship or any obligation
towards a single belief". So it was that "independent libraries" were
opened up in other towns and even in the capital. It should be no
surprise that among the dissidents arrested during the latest wave of
repressive were several representatives of the "independent libraries".

For our part, considering that this initiative is contributing towards
breaking the cultural and information monopoly of the State and
trusting that its proponents will respect the plurality of opinion that
Castrism denies, we urge anyone who goes to Cuba to bring books dealing
with the history of the various struggles against exploitation and
domination to these libraries so that the Cuban people can find out for
themselves that which the Castrist régime does not want them to find
out.

Addresses of some independent libraries:

- Biblioteca "Félix Varela", Calle 35 # 2ª, between Rubén Batista and
Saturnino Aneiro, Nuevo Amancio, Amancio Rodríguez, Las Tunas.
Director: Berta Mexidor Vazquez
- Biblioteca "Eduardo René Chibás", Calle Hermanos Villazana #20,
between Prolongación de Corona and Calle 3, Rpto. Veguita de Galo,
Santiago de Cuba, CP 90200. Director: Yassera Sessín Herrero.
- Biblioteca "Mahatma Gandhi", Paraíso # 69 between Cayamo and
Cisneros, Palma Soriano, Santiago de Cuba. Director: Rafael Ibañez
Isaac. Tel: (225) 3124
- Biblioteca "Reyes Magos", Adela Azcuy #19, between Gerardo Medina and
1ro de Mayo, Pinar del Río. Director: Elsa González Padrón. Tel: (82)
4241
- Biblioteca "20 de Octubre", Entronque de Bueycito, Bayamo, Granma.
Director: Juvencio Corrales.
- Biblioteca Viñales, Calle # 21, Edificio 22, apto 9, Herradura, Pinar
del Río CP 24500. Director: Lázaro Raúl González Gómez
- Biblioteca "Martin Luther King", Calle Israel Marrero, Apto. 68A.J,
Reparto La Victoria, Tunas, Las Tunas. Director: Angel Cantero
Castellanos
- Biblioteca "Juana Alonso Rodríguez I", Falguera # 324 Altos, between
San Pedro and Domínguez, El Cerro, Ciudad Habana. Director: Rogelio
Travieso Pérez. Tel: (7) 78-4010
- Biblioteca "Rafael María Mendive", Edificio 56, apt. 7, Reparto Los
Cocos, Baracoa, Provincia Habana. Director: Pablo Silva Cabrera
Biblioteca "Vaclac Havel", Calle 367 # 16646, apt 14, between 166 and
178, Reparto Mulgoba, Ciudad Habana. Director: Rubén Camallery. Tel:
(6) 83-4741
- Biblioteca "Jorge Mañach", Calle 86 # 719 e/ 7ma y 9na, Playa, Ciudad
Habana. Director: Ricardo González. Tel: (7) 29-4818
- Biblioteca Dulce María Loynaz, Calle 25 # 866, apt. 3, between A and
B. Vedado, Ciudad Habana. Director: Gisela Delgado Sablón. Tel: (7)
30-2103
- Biblioteca "Fernando Ortiz", Calle Espada # 404, between San Rafael
and San Miguel, Centro Habana, Ciudad Habana. Director: Vicente Escobal
Rabeiro. Tel: (7) 78-3555
- Biblioteca "Enrique José Varona", Hermanos Cárdenas # 26, between
Demetrio Brito and Valeriano López, Camajuaní, Villa Clara. Director:
Joaquín Cabezas de León
- Biblioteca "José Martí", Calle C #4005 Altos, between 6 and 8, Nueva
Gerona, Isla de la Juventud. Director: Ibrahim Varela Savón
- Biblioteca "Ignacio Agramonte", Honorato del Castillo #154, between
República and Cuba, Ciego de Avila, Ciego de Avila. Director: Juan
Carlos González Leyva. Tel: (33) 22235
- Biblioteca "Dr. Evelio Rodríguez del Aya", Celso Maragoto #143,
between Coronel Pozo y Avellaneda, Pinar del Río. Responsable: José
Hidalgo Gato
- Biblioteca Edificio C -41 Apt. 3, Distrito José Martí, Santiago de
Cuba. Director: Edel Jiménez Cintra. Tel: (226)34748
- Biblioteca "Leopoldo Pita" (Temas Sindicales), Amado Jiménez #122,
Rpto. La Aurora, Amancio Rodríguez, Las Tunas. Director: Gustavo Colás
Castillo
- Biblioteca "Pedro R. Someillán", Avenida 19 #30833, Playa Santa Fe,
Municipio Playa, Ciudad Habana. Tel: (7) 29-8569
- Biblioteca "13 de Julio", Calle A #47, between Carretera and Central,
Santa Cruz del Sur, Camagüey. Director: Rolando Alvarez Tendero. Tel:
(322) 2948
- Biblioteca "Dr. Pedro Urquisa Estorino", San Fernando #29805, between
San Luis and Línea, Pueblo Nuevo, Matanzas. Director: Jorge Berrier
Rodríguez. Tel: (5) 24-4887
- Biblioteca "Pedro Junco", Virtudes #158, between Galiano and Luz
Zaldívar, Pinar del Río, CP 20100. Director: Gerardo Redonet Gómez.
- Biblioteca "Roberto Avalos", Calle A #33, between Central and Línea,
Santa Cruz del Sur, Camagüey. Director: Mayra Sánchez Surtí. Tel: (32)
2033.

Directors of Independent Libraries who have been sentenced to prison:
* Guillermo Periñas Hernández (Biblioteca "Dr. Roberto Avalos", Villa
Clara): 7 years
* Victor Rolando Arroyo (Biblioteca "Reyes Magos", Pinar del Río): 26
years
* Yván Hernández Carrillo (Biblioteca "Juan Gualberto Gómez II",
Matanzas): 25 years
* José Luis García Paneque (Biblioteca "Carlos J. Finlay", Las Tunas):
24 years
* Ricardo González Alfonso (Biblioteca "Jorge Mañach", Ciudad Habana):
20 years
* Roberto de Miranda (Biblioteca "Padre Félix Varela", Ciudad Habana):
20 years
* Raúl Rivero Castañeda (Biblioteca "Dulce Maria Loynaz 2", Ciudad
Habana): 20 years
* Miguel Sigler Amaya (Biblioteca "Gral. Pedro Betancour Avalos",
Matanzas): 26 years
* Blas Giraldo Rodríguez Reyes (Biblioteca "20 de Mayo", Sancti
Spiritus): 25 years
* Omar Pernet Hernández (Biblioteca "20 de Mayo 2", Villa Clara): 25
years
* Leonel Grace de Peralta (Biblioteca "Bartolomé Masó", Santiago de
Cuba): 20 years.


THE "TRANSITION" TO DEMOCRACY IN CUBA

"I cannot abandon the island of Cuba nor its numerous exiles. Like so
many other Spaniards I come from a family with connections in Cuba. The
Caribbean island is one of the last historical anomalies, not just in
the Americas, but in the whole world. I want to reiterate here my
desire and hope that we can soon welcome Cuba into the community of
free nations." - José María Aznar

Beyond the rhetorics of the head of the Spanish government in his
speech to the US Congress, referring to the tragedy that is affecting
the Cuban people, what really matters is to highlight why the
democratic-fascist Aznar emphasized this "hope" in this way and at this
time.

For some years now, and considering that Fidel Castro seems to be
coming closer to the end of his existence or his physical ability,
régime change in Cuba has begun to worry all the Parties and States
that have an interest in the island. Adopt critical positions toward
the Castro régime in the light of that change has therefore become
commonplace, also among politicians and heads of State who until
recently had no scruples in being photographed with "the Comandante".
Such is also the case with Aznar and the Spanish king himself. The
reasons are evident and the aim is obvious, since everyone realizes
that change is inevitable and that what these politicians and
governments want is to press for the "transition" to go in the
direction of their interests.

For Aznar, like for all the European, North American and Latin American
democratic-fascists, the hope is that Cuba, after ceasing to be a
"historical anomaly", can openly take on full capitalist administration
of the economy. That is the hope, that it is the objective, because the
last thing they care about is the fate of the Cuban people - exploited
and dominated by the Castrist State and the multi-nationals (many of
them Spanish) now, and destined to be so by the bureaucratic mafias of
recycled Castrists, the capitalist Cuban exiles and the international
capitalist community in the future.

This is the "freedom" that the democratic-fascists want now for the
Cuban people, the ones they forgot and abandoned for so many years
while they negotiated with the revolutionary populism that so
splendidly served their interests, controlling the people and
destroying the emancipating workers' movement in Cuba and in other
countries.

In reality, Aznar's tardy, hypocritical declarations, like those of the
other democratic-fascists who are now pretending to condemn the Castro
dictatorship so ostentatiously, are solely aimed at making the Cuban
people believe that they are their friends and that there is no other
alternative to capitalism. What they fear most, in fact, is that Cubans
really attempt another change, an alternative between revolutionary
populism and capitalism - the self-management of the economy and
society by the workers.


GALSIC:
"Support Groups for Libertarians and Independent Syndicalists in Cuba"

Addresses for contact and information:

MLC: movimientolibertariocubano@yahoo.com.mx
Solidaridad con Cuba: cubava2OO3@yahoo.com.mx
El Libertario (Venezuela): ellibertario@hotmail.com
GALSIC - France: cesamepop@noos.fr

Web pages with information on Cuba:

Cubanet: http://www.cubanet.org
El Libertario: http://www.nodo50.org/ellibertario
A-infos: http://www.ainfos.ca and www.infoshop.org

Our address:
GALSIC, Tribuna latinoamericana,
145 rue Amelot, 75011 Paris
France

Join the "Send a Book to Cuba" Campaign!

translation by nestor mcnab/ainfos


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