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(en) Venezuela, EL LIBERTARIO - GLOBALIZATION TO PASSAGE OF WINNERS - by Rafael Uzcátegui

From Worker <a-infos-en@ainfos.ca>
Date Mon, 16 Aug 2004 06:29:00 +0200 (CEST)


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In our country the agenda of the movement is fulfilled
antiglobalization by those who before the world says leaders of the
fight against the neoliberalism. When Chávez and the rest of their
civil employees make incendiary proclamations against the
"Empire" and the "Neoliberalism", to the few days they sign
generous contracts with directors of multinationals. In a Caribbean
country called Venezuela, the coherence between which it says and
what it becomes surpasses the revelations of Ripley. The 27 of
February of 1989 the first scrambled one of spread against the
application of the neoliberalism policies was made in Venezuela.
That was not product of the chance, was the result of an increasing
conscience between ample layers of the population that a way to
order the society was arriving at its aim. That went a rejection to the
results of the friendship agreement and governability made between
the political parties of the status, the Armed Forces and the Church
made specific in the call Pacto de Punto Fijo, after the fall of the
dictatorship of Marcos Perez Jiménez in 1958. The democratic
formalities could sustain during four decades thanks to the
operation of the wealth of the country and the restoration of
networks friendship between the governing party and the rest of the
population. The promise "to seed petroleum" only served to fatten
the pockets of minority sectors of the nation.

Chávez managed to capitalize those yearnings of change of the
Venezuelan society to its favor, being elect president with a heavy
margin from the electorate who endorsed in him a "check in target"
to remove above from the unfortunate bipartisanism of Accion
Democratica and COPEI. In spite of its military origin and its
leftwing speech, its millionaire electoral campaign was paid for by
local and international capitalist sectors that saw in him, the
opportunity to assure the governability and to continue its
businesses in the territory. They were not mistaken in its
prognoses. After five years of government the chavismo has
declared him a war without quarter to the traditional sectors of the
Venezuelan bourgeoisie - Fedecamaras -, recovering the agendas of
the social movements agglutinated to his around to wear away them
in rounds of shade against the ghosts of the puntofijismo. Next to
this, the mediatic amplification of the most preservative sectors of
the country and its reiterating - and more and more solitary -, called
to the coup d'etat have served the government to distract the
attention of the true problems of the country and to disguise the
millionaire businesses done by the multinational companies in
Venezuela, contracts that, and this have to a separate analysis, has
been viable by the disarticulation of good part of the qualitative
hardened a soldier to fire social movement and quantitatively after
the experience of the "Caracazo".

The true "foreign intervention"
Ample sectors of the Venezuelan and world-wide left have been
represented by the fluid and generous verb of Chávez commander,
verbal his top guy and his repetition of the common places of the
own revolutionary speech of the Cold War. It is pitiful speech
supposedly "critics" in the world have been let enchant by the songs
of siren of the self-appointed "Bolivarian Revolution", whereas in
the reality - small detail anticipated by the Hugo rhetoric Rafael
Chávez has not deepened the relation of Venezuela with the
economics tendencies of the globalization to the Latin American
nation in its paper of safe supplier of energy and resources to the
buyers of the first world, beginning of course with the United
States. While the project of country of the "left-handed person of
Sabaneta" is a question mark, the denominated "Process" needs
ample flows of foreign investment to pay for the millionaire
programs Populists and friendship relation that assures their
permanence in the power. We understand that these words are
impossible to understand for those who have believed without the
fiction of a revolution in Venezuela. We enumerated data,
completely verifiable by the peculiar ones in the subject, of how the
economic Globalization advances to passage of winners in the today
key sectors of the world-wide economy.

Petroleum
Although the state petroleum company appears like "the New
Pdvsa", their deals do not differ substantially from the strategy
assumed by previous administrations, which assured in the best
terms for the masters of the North the hydrocarbon flow. Not even
during the last war of Iraq, when some social sectors of the country
suggested their cease like measurement of protest by the invasion,
the petroleum spurt let provide to the ports with the Uncle Sam.
This way Alí Rodriguez Araque, president of the state petroleum
company, announced that according to numbers confirmed by the
Department of Commerce of the United States in the year 2003
PDVSA were the second world-wide company in positioning of
crude in the U.S.A. This means more than 47 million sold barrels of
crude Venezuelan to the United States, with a value of thousand
333 million dollars. Venezuela is and will be a reliable supplier of
energy for its main buyer. The sentence comes from the own
Chávez which declared 9 of March the past "we do not have nor
picks to damage it - the relation with the USA -, in 5 years we have
been supplying of constant and safe way, every day of those 365
years from petroleum to the United States". The individual of this
declaration is that it takes place 9 days after, presiding over a
"anti-imperialist march" (worthy of Ripley, we repeated) the same
Chávez affirmed the opposite: "Mr. Bush Must know who if it
happens oneself to him madness (...) to invade to Venezuela (...)
knows the town of the United States that lamentably nor a drop of
petroleum will arrive to them from Venezuela". According to the
informed bulletin of the own Pdvsa, "Outstanding personalities of
the Department of Energy and the Agency of Power Information, as
well as of the Corporation for the Private Investment the
International, Exim Bank, World Bank, IFC, International
Monetary Fund, Inter-American Development Bank and advisory
companies of governmental organisms, investors and industrialists
received, with noticeable interest, information of first hand on the
operational, commercial and financial present time of PDVSA, as
well as on their direction of businesses towards the medium term".
The search of foreign investment has shown its fruits. Shell and
Exxon Mobil will participate in the projects of crude operation and
exploration of heavy that are in Petroliferous Faja of the Orinoco
where the greater concentration of resources of the hemisphere
exists, because reserves of 275 billion barrels are considered.
Petroleum of Venezuela and the Italian company ENI (Ente
Nazionale Indrocarburi) subscribed an understanding
memorandum to develop and to operate outposts of extra-heavy
crude gas and technologies processing.

Gas
Minister of Energy and Minas Rafael Ramirez announced that
Venezuela will begin to place natural gas in the American market in
2008, like part of his plans to fortify his image of "reliable power
source". In order to fulfill the objective the present gas production
of 7 billion cubical feet to the day will be increased in 60%. This
way the projects in march by Pdvsa are the following ones: Jose 250
(450 million $), Gas Anaco, Gasoducto of Guajira (255 million $) in
the Colombia-Venezuela Interconnection; ICO (510 million $),
Group Yucal Trio to please (TotalFinalElf, Repsol, Inepetrol,
Otepi), investments considered in 400 million $ and Repsol-Area
Ravines (225 million $). Between the investments opportunities
count, among others, the Project Marshal Sucre. Deltana Platform:
Chevron-Texaco received the concession to make workings of
exploration and gas operation in the third block of the Platform
Deltana, area located in the bordering marine areas with Trinidad
and Tobago with reserves considered in 38 trillions of cubical
natural gas feet. Ramirez informed that the Chevron will initiate in
June of 2004 the perforations with a considered investment of 170
million dollars. The company has three of the five segments of the
Deltana Platform and in its operation Pdvsa will work along with
and the international partnerships British Petroleum, Totalfinalelf
and Statoil, which according to the estimations began to produce
the gas as of the 2009.

Project Gas Anaco: Pdvsa received from the Society General and
ING. Bank an additional loan of 125 million dollars for the
financing of the project Gas Anaco. The same one was contracted
under favorable terms by means of Citibank like bank leader of the
union, amortizable every six months, in a lapse of five years and to
an interest rate of around 1, 72%.

Marshal Sucre: Venezuela will sign an agreement with the
Anglo-Dutch giant Royal Dutch/Shell to develop natural the gas
project liquefied (GNL) Marshal Sucre. Royal Dutch/Shell would
head the development of Marshal Sucre, a project of 2.7 milliards of
dollars that includes perforation outside coast for natural gas
extraction, a liquefied natural gas pipe line and plant in the
Peninsula of Pariah to the east of the country. On the other hand,
Pdvsa, Shell and Mitsubishi, reaffirmed the commitments
subscribed in November of 2002 for this project.

Petrochemical
Pequiven - filial of Pdvsa- and Exxon Mobil they project to
construct a plant of oleo fines altogether - raw material for the
industry of plastic-in the industrial complex of Jose, Anzoátegui
state. According to commentaries of the authorities of the MEM so
project will become the angular stone of the development plan of
the national petrochemical sector, creating 200,000 jobs in a lapse
of between four and five years. The global investment to carry out
the development ascends to 2.65 milliards of dollars and will have
like objective to feed the market of the national and international
plastic, reaching according to the projections annual productions of
1 million tons of ethylene, 780,000 tons of polyethylene’s and
400,000 tons of glycols. In year 2000 the company/signature in the
agreement for the construction of the plant of olefins announced.
The execution chronogram underwent a delay due to the process of
fusion of the oil Americans Exxon and Mobil. In order to initiate
the project it was needed to be able 60% of the resources by interval
of international the banking financing, approximately 1.5 milliards
of dollars. After as much time, according to the valuation of the
economic magazine Venezuelan Quantum (paradoxically of
pro-government tendency), "the concretion of this project could
interpret like the intention of the Ministry of Energy and Mines" to
compensate "to Exxon Mobil, after it to have disqualified like
partner of natural the gas project liquefied Marshal Sucre, and after
this company decided not to actively participate in the licitation of
the areas for the exploration and advantage of natural gas reserves
the existing in the Deltana Platform".

Coal
The 13 of November of the 2003 Hugo Chávez announced the
elevation of the coal production in the state Zulia to 36 million
metric tons, a decision framed in the call project "America Port", a
work valued in 60 million dollars nailed in the Island of San
Bernardo, big port key by their strategic proximity to the
Southeastern of the United States. The production of the mineral
has as destiny to the multinational companies of the Anglo coal
American, RAG Coal, Take, Excel and Anti-American Coal. The
announcement makes deaf ears of the repeated denunciations on
the contamination, the ecological devastation and the presence of
diseases product of the carboniferous industry of the region.

Telecommunications
According to preliminary estimations of Product Intern Brute (PIB)
presented/displayed by the Central bank of Venezuela, the sector of
the Telecommunications registered to the 2003 closing a growth of
the 1.9%, locating to the sector in the greater rank of positive
variations with respect to the rest of the activities. The activity
communications as opposed to demonstrated a fast recovery the
difficulties presented/displayed at the beginning of the 2003; in the
last registering quarterly of the year a growth of 4.6% with relation
to the same period of 2002. It will be necessary to remember that
the main companies of the sector are multinational like Telcel
Bellsouth?

External debt
In spite of being one of the electoral promises of the Chávez
candidate, president Chávez has been like precise a payer front the
commitments contracted by the country with the multilateral
organisms of financing. In a granted interview to Marta Harnecker
in August of the 2002, it declared that "I do not believe that a
revolutionary process must, necessarily, to be it, to not know
subjects commitments like the one of the external debt; or assumed
others with institutions, corporations or countries of the world." In
that same conversation, Chávez suffers of one interested amnesia:
"" we never said in the electoral campaign that we were not going to
pay the debt. There was the rumor, commentaries of press, et
cetera. Yes we said that we would propose a scheme to reconstruct
the external debt and in that it has not been possible to
advance”

Water
With only 40 legislators of the 165 of the National Assembly (43
less del quorum of half plus one necessary one), of as 36 they were
chapistas (although you do not create it), in two hours were
approved 87 articles of the Statutory law of the Public Property
Estate in the second fortnight of March del 2004. Article 6 of this
Law attributes to the States two categories of goods: those of the
public dominion that "son inalienable and imprescriptibly" and they
cannot be sold, yielded nor acquired by prescription, and those of
the deprived dominion, that yes can be sold or be alienated. The
waters happen to the private dominion. It adds this article that the
no alienable goods of the public dominion "Can to acquire the
condition of alienable properties by means of sanctioned to request
of the governor, by Agreement of the Legislative Council with the
favorable vote of the two third parts of their members. In the file the
opinion of the Solicitor of the state and the Contralor of the Estate"
must consist;. With this regulation, as an intellectual related to the
Process declared Luis Britto Garcia, "Forty legislators of few
Legislative Advice could raise their hands so that they were saleable
the Lake of Maracaibo, the Lagoon of Valencia, Apure, the
Caroní, the Orinoco, the Delta and in general the hydroelectric
power plants of Guayana and of the country. They would not lack
forty buyers".

Transgenic
In October of the 2003 the Law of Biological Similes and Inhumes
for the Reproduction was promulgated on the part of the National
Assembly Animal. For the environmentalist organizations, as the
case of MOVES and its spokesman Leobardo Acurero, "it is not
another thing that the legal seal that will allow the entrance to
Venezuela of the dangerous transgenic seeds. At heart one is the
most novel and terrible form of colonization to consolidate the
agro-alimentary dependency like mission of the mercantilist
globalize that gigantic North American companies like
MONSANTO and CARGIL are promoting ". Acurero has made a
detailed study of the referred Law, which can be asked for to the
email xx move heads an initiative to reject the measurement: "a law
of seeds like which it approved the Assembly National that it allows
the transgenic in Venezuela, opposite to the National interest is
expressed in the Constitution with sustainable agriculture, therefore
the next step that we must give as Venezuelan is to oppose by
unconstitutional this law antilife, before the Constitutional Room of
the Supreme Court of Justice TSJ".

Mining
Propped up by the Ministry of the Atmosphere a proposal of
territorial ordering has taken shape and standard of the area of
Imataca, that as we will remember, lodges to more than 3 million
forests and is inhabited by 26,000 inhabitants of 7 indigenous ethnic
groups in the Southeastern of the country. The same one would
destine a forest use of 61.5% of the territory and a mining use of
12%. In march are the projects Nickel Hill (530 million dollars), of
exploration in Small cuttlefish 10 in the Callao (70 million dollars)
and the Camorra Venezuelan Hecla (50 million dollars). The
projects in promotion are: Miner of Block B, State Bolivar (600
million dollars), Plant Friable Quartzite (211 million dollars) and
plants iron and steel by 1,172 million dollars.
==============================
* EL LIBERTARIO newspaper from the Anarchist Relationships
Commision of Venezuela


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