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(en) Claaacg8 Journal: Patriarchy & Globalization

From Worker <a-infos-en@ainfos.ca>
Date Wed, 9 Apr 2003 16:09:35 +0200 (CEST)


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> PATRIARCHY AND GLOBALIZATION
All over the world, although on different levels and in very
various forms, women live an oppression which is a result of
their simply being women. One consequence of this world over is
that women work for free for a large part of their time without
it being considered an injustice.

So-called domestic work (which for peasant women includes a
whole series of unpaid agricultural tasks) serves the interests
of men on a global level, but also those of the capitalist
economy which depends on domestic exploitation of women to
better impose its neo-liberalist policies. Free work and the
underpayment of women allows the capitalist economy in
particular to limit public services by placing responsibility
for these tasks on women and to increase temporary, low-paid
employment aimed above all at women.

In the countries of the South the exploitation of women is of a
particularly intense violence and directly threatens their
survival. They are doubly discriminated against there, on the
one hand as women, while on the other as blacks, indians or
mulattos. By so depending on racism and sexism, globalization
reinforces unequal North-South relationships, and intensifies
exploitation and the pollution of Southern countries while
always seeking to create new markets and new profits.

WOMEN MAKE UP HALF THE POPULATION

* 80% of people in a condition of poverty are women
* Women carry out two thirds of all work hours
* Women receive one tenth of the world's revenue
* Women possess less than one percent of the world's money
* Two thirds of all work carried out by women in the world is
unpaid

Globalization eliminates all fundamental right to food, water,
health, housing and education, in particular for women in the
South where generally no social net exists. Where there is
poverty, women are always the last to eat, to take care of
themselves or to attend school.

Globalization, which destroys basic services, somehow manages to
place responsibility for these needs in the farming regions on
women. For example, it is women who must walk miles to look for
water or wood, or to forage for food substitutes (roots, wild
herbs, etc.) in order that the family can survive.

Globalization reduces public services to nothing in the
countries of the North and it is women who take on the State's
old responsibilities for free, such as caring for the elderly.

Globalization pollutes and endangers women's health in the
farming communities of the South, because they are frequently in
contact with contaminated river water for use in domestic
chores.

Globalization pillages natural resources and appropriates the
ancestral knowledge of the women in the agricultural regions of
the South who are often expert in crop management.

Globalization is increasing temporary labour everywhere in the
North while leaving women the worst-paid and most demanding jobs
such as on-call work.

Globalization destroys local economies in the South and produces
the forced migration of women peasants and their exploitation in
particularly laborious and dangerous jobs such as itinerant
vending, prostitution or domestic slavery.

Globalization allows multinationals to exploit low-waged,
malleable female labour in the South, notably in factories which
produce for export (textiles, electronics, agricultural
industries, etc.), which fulfil no local needs, destroy the
environment and forbid unionising.

Globalization reinforces physical and sexual abuse of women,
most notably because it justifies wider intervention by police
and the military, who as a result of their intrinsically sexist
nature attack women in particular.

Let's fight together against patriarchy and globalization!

No feminist revolution without social justice!
No self-management without the abolition of female oppression!

No equality without an end to racism!


Anarcha-Feminist Revolution!


* * * * *

Infokiosk Féministe, c/o Espace autogéré, César-Roux 30, 1005
Lausanne Les Casse-Rôles, CP 275, 1000 Lausanne 17


The logic of the capitalist globalization process reproduces and
reinforces the patriarchal domination of the world. Critical
analysis of this logic allows us to underline its dramatic
consequences for the situation of women throughout the world. On
the one hand, in the industrialized countries where women
provide a greater part of the money necessary for the success of
capitalism and production, as much by their paid work as by
their domestic work which is still very much their
responsibility. On the other hand, the North-South relationship
and the mechanism put in place by the policies of the Bretton
Woods system, mainly managed by international institutions such
as the UN, IMF and World Bank, have more than ominous
repercussions for women's lives in poor countries. Indeed, under
the pretence of "good government" and "development" programmes,
the effects of these institutions prove to be locally
catastrophic for the condition of women ("sex tourism", limits
of the number of children, women's debt becasue of microcredit,
and so on).

Besides, the institutionalisation of political programmes
regarding women (mainly thanks to the UN and NGOs) leads to the
de-politicising of local feminist movements and the loss of
their conceptual and organizational autonomy, which, in fact,
destroys their radicalness and potential to change things.

Finally, it is important to measure the effects of globalization
on the widescale precarization of that large part of the world's
population, women, who are always more affected, whether they
live in poor countries or in rich countries.

[From ClaaacG8 Journal No.1 (March 2003); translation by nmcn]

http://www.claaacg8.org/english/

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