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(en) More about the Italian Ya basta II ((2/2)

From worker@ainfos.ca, a-infos@ainfos.ca
Date Wed, 27 Dec 2000 07:34:10 -0500 (EST)

      A - I N F O S  N E W S  S E R V I C E

5.  A race war. The only race that exists is the human
race.  The only important colour is the colour of your
eyes.  White people - said Fanon - invented the race of
the non-whites.  European policies against immigration
are promoted by the neoliberist left wing, the heirs of
European social democracy, which preached colonialism
to give jobs to the working classes and labourers of
Europe and to guide the world towards Progress. Race
itself is economic dominion.  The damned of the earth
are the victims of this neoliberist plan.  The fourth world
war is the last war of Capital but it is also a racist war.
It is based on western identity and lies about its
civilising influence.  In actual fact the foreign worker is
the one most at risk.    The criminalisation of foreign
workers aims to limit their organisational potential
against the concentration of capital. In any case, Capital
itself derives from theft and plundering in the south of
the world and the poorer lands and from exploitation in
the mines and in the fields.  Today the arrival of a new
labour force is convenient for industrialists because it is
of use in the social and industrial organisation of work
in post-Fordist terms.  The main role of this labour force
is as temporary workers in important economic sectors
outsourcing to co-operatives and others, servile
positions, especially as home cleaners, sexual services
which in great demand in a society filled with sexual
phobias.  We mean to counter the race war, a safety
valve for class conflict, by means of social conflict
which attacks profits and their unjust distribution,
redistributing riches and creating a sense of community.
Our answer to the war amongst the poor is the fight for
dignity and against the impoverishment of the world.

Let's unite the struggles of immigrants and those of
temporary workers!
Universal citizen's income (housing, food, transport,
6.A financial war. Before the first world war, passports
did not exist. Between the first and the second world
war, America started to control immigration.  Again,
during the third world war, there were greater obstacles
to the movement of capital as opposed to those limiting
the movement of people, than there are today.
Neoliberism preaches free markets but closes and
controls the labour market by means of its armies.
The relationship between human beings and goods has
been turned upside down: goods move freely, electronic
dollars too, but people are stopped! The markets are free
but the labour market is controlled by the armies of all
the rich nations: neoliberism does not allow free trade
on the labour market - it must have control!  Nonsense
has been made into common-sense by means of force
and propaganda by the mass media.  The developed
countries go on announcing recipes for development,
grants and little discounts on debts but refuse to open
their borders; moreover they explode financial bubbles
every year in a different country.  And yet multi-ethnic
society is destined to take over.  This is a fact.  Arms are
useless against armed reason.

For the multi-ethnic communities of the third
millennium!  Equal rights!
Freedom of movement and domicile!

7.A TV war.  The control of people by means of armies
and the persuasion of society to accept this Fascist point
of view, where every white citizen has to keep an eye on
the non-whites, depends on the ability of the owners of
the mass media to spread lies.  These terrorists spread
fear, individualism and discouragement amongst people
-  by means of xenophobic campaigns that speak of the
arrival of immigrants in terms of "never-ending hordes",
"invasions", "landings" and other expressions taken
from the vocabulary of warfare.  They speak of public
order but they create public fear.  Once identified with
criminals, the outsiders are finally shut away and
deported through the prison camps, where there is no
trace of the legal guarantees foreseen by the law but
confined to paper; no trace of any right to communicate,
to see a lawyer…Television isolates, does away with
communication and steals time from action and
rebellion, giving the illusion of knowledge.  D'Alema,
the national-socialist,  has found a new way of providing
social support: linking the Lottery to the Rainbow
Mission!  We Italians, 50% of whom are migrants, are
forgetting our own history, the insults and the suffering
experienced in northern Italy (where signs used to read:
"We do not let rooms to southerners"), as in the other
parts of the world.  Television chat is repeated in the
streets and provides the terrain on which right-wing
opinions flourish:  "There are no jobs, so why let
foreigners in?"  asks the television. The safeguarding of
memory is a daily struggle of truth against lies, here at
home, as in Chiapas.  The death squads are border
armies supported by television.  But we shall not lose
our memories as migrants - at least one of our relatives
has been one: our answer to the fear spread by the mass
media is the truth of direct contact and the
reasonableness of people fighting to destroy profit and
exploitation of the world.

Citizens' consultations in every district!
Universal citizens' income! Universal general strike by
people of all colours!

a year of clandestinity

24 October 1998 day of European action for Semira
Adamu.  First occupation of the Corelli concentration

15 November 1998 the Trieste prison camp is closed

12 december 1998  the ferry of universal citizenship

20 December 1998 closure of one of Milan's luxury
shopping areas

11 January 1999 second occupation of the Via Corelli
prison camp

12 January 1999  television broadcast from inside the
prison camp

23 January 1999  European day of action against the
camps and in support of the 'Sans Papiers'

27 March 1999  European demonstration in Paris in
support of solidarity and open borders in Europe

5 June 1999  march with the activists of Caravan '99


we concern ourselves with migration, by making
accusations and spreading counter-information; we have
set up an exhibition of photographs and texts on the
victims of the Schengen borders

for some months now we have ensured the constant
presence of observers in the Via Corelli camp, with the
delared intention of having it closed, opposing and
revealing the violations of human rights that we haven

we are collaborating with the Leoncavallo Social Centre
in its work with a group of 'sans papiers' guests

we have taken part in the preparatory meetings for the
creation of an independent European network on
migrants and plan  days of action on 23 September
(anniversary of the death of Semira Adamu) and 15th
October 1999 (European day of action against the
fortress Europe and against expulsion
orders…just suppose it became a world day of action?)

We are invisible and this system feeds on us

We are the ones who allow this city to live, produce,
We are its housewives, unemployed, workers,
its clandestine inhabitants, its students, its temporary
We are the invisible population of this city, those who
are responsible for
its activities, who fill its jobs, its schools, its
supermarkets, its streets,
who gather here from outside, who circulate inside it,
this city feeds on us


income, work, unemployment and white overalls

Globalisation:  is taking shape more and more clearly
as the progressive integration of markets, currencies and
police forces, constituting an international system for the
protection of the few but widespread interests of the
powerful.  It involves dissolving  complex social and
networks in favour of strengthening the sphere of the
economy, with its cannibalistic nature and iron hold over
politics and the law without any need for mediation,
legitimisation, consensus, widespread consultation.
War, too, reappears, raising its ugly head as the logical
and appropriate tool of this system of dominion.

Europe: some years ago, we spoke of the Europe of the
bosses, as opposed to the Europe of opposition
movements.  The former has rapidly become an all-
pervading reality while the latter is a hypothesis, as
distant today as it was then.  Yet in spite of this, in fact
because of this, we continue to regard this European
dimension taking shape in front of us, as the area where
our political action takes place and see its limited
territory as a place where we attempt to find the
appropriate tools for effective action.

An analysis of this European area reveals the
transformations that have taken place in the world
of production:

"Full employment is a fairy-tale that no-one believes any
There are not jobs for everyone
and we are no longer willing to fight each other for
Housing, culture, health and all other citizens' rights
cannot be guaranteed exclusively to those who work.
Everyone, those who work and those who do not,
produces riches
in exchange for insecurity and the destruction of the
To re-distribute what we produce,
it is no longer sufficient to strike for work contracts;
we have to open up the purses of the multinationals.
When we occupy factories or offices, climb onto the
or shut ourselves in the mines, it is to demand a
universal citizens' income,
so that people and territories are not obliged
to work for lower wages and in worse conditions.
While we have to pay taxes to buy goods or services of
any nature,
immense capitals move from one side of the planet to
the other
without paying a single penny.
A small sum charged on financial transactions
 would be sufficient to give everyone a livelihood.
It is possible to distribute a universal citizens' income,
in the form of money and free access to essential social
in order to lead a dignified life."

The social centres and independently organised
social groups also address themselves to the mass of
"new generation workers": self-employed, temporary,
so-called atypical categories (because they do not have
contracts as employees), the long-term or short-term
unemployed, as their natural and direct users and
activists and as the main font of resources and skills for
their political action.  Their supporters come from this

Post-Fordist labour is characterised by a common
language, independently of the legal form of the work
relationship, whether self-employed or employed on
contract. It means flexibility, incorporation, the end of
social buffers and guarantees, exploitation of nowledge,
>skills, aptitudes, both material and virtual.

The suggestion of a universal citizen's income allows
the area of social self-organisation to emerge now and
again from its own specific ground; starting out from
giving due attention to this mass of people at work, to
this co-operation that vastly exceeds the limited time of
salaried labour, to end up by building objectives of a
universal nature.

from the mountains to the stock exchanges

The strength of the Zapatist rebellion can also be seen
in its ability to interpret the changes taking place in the
structure of dominion and the corresponding, necessary
changes in the liberation processes.  This
strength has been mainly determined by the capacity of
the Indios to transform, through their culture and
knowledge, the genetic code of the first jungle warriors,
which approached them with the old dogmas of the "fire

This interpretation leads to an encouragement to
Europeans to "start the revolution" in the European
centres of the international capitalist, market system
and reflect on the great transformations that are taking
place in countries with a high concentration of capital.
It urges us to look carefully at the new categories of
production workers and at the new forms of exploitation
and withdrawal of guarantees and rights to a "dignified
life" that these new categories bring with them.

Careful attention is required to the strategies resulting in
the depletion of the rights won by the traditional
categories of workers, and to the new categories of
production workers: exploited to the maximum by the
economic system of the post-Fordist nations, excluded
and hidden from view, invisible in the world of
communications and images.
Invisible but essential to the new forms of production
and capital accumulation.
This careful attention must be closely linked to a general
reflection on the necessity of gaining access to forms of
real and independent social dynamics.

This essential aspect of the political scene -
communication and strategies for access to
communication - make it necessary to examine the forms
of attack that are best suited to this objective.  If the
balaclava in the south east of Mexico corresponds to
the strategy of the people of Chiapas for becoming
visible in the eyes of the world,  the white overalls are
an adaptation of the lesson learnt, and more appropriate
to Europe:  we cover our faces to make ourselves visible
and so that we can uncover them when we
have ensured our survival; we cover our bodies in order
to emerge from the limbo of outdated categories in the
organisation of production and to defend the rights of
people who no longer accept their position as central to
the production system but marginal in terms of general

the white overalls

If the struggle aims at achieving visibility, the colour of
the fight is white, and the white garment covers the
whole body.

If the objective is a universal citizen's income, our
battlegrounds are those of cash, housing, culture,
transport, working conditions, the right to a
dignified life.

The white overalls have occupied places of exploitation
and concealment, directly by means of their physical
presence there, to reveal the decision to ignore those
who constitute the real and not the virtual
components of the social system.

At first action was taken in the places where real work is
ignored and sees no guarantee (the stock exchange, the
chambers of commerce, the insurance companies, the
business companies, the false co-operatives) but the
strategy of invisibility brings together all those hidden
from view and the battle of the white overalls has
extended to the 'sans papiers', to the Kurds, to the
civilian victims of the Balkans conflict.

The tool is in accordance with the mechanisms of this
system but turns the symbol upside down:
propositional, dynamic, based on non-identity, with a
strong symbolic impact and communicative force;
strictly independent.  The white overalls, we might say
'by definition',  have to be "in action" directly on the
political battleground; they are obliged to take root in a
general context of project-making, for a citizen's income
and, more in general, for the rights of citizenship; they
are deeply bound to act as a powerful means of
transversal communication; their genetic imprinting
makes them part of  real movements and not of


13 June 1997
European day of protest against unemployment and
social exclusion

25 April 1998
Demonstrations in Milan of the white overalls

6 November 1998
National day of the white overalls

1 March 1999
ay of the white overalls

1 May 1999
Workers' day festival

White overalls were also worn as a symbol of
invisibility during action and demonstrations on behalf
of migrants, of  Zapatists, of Kurds and civilian
victims of the Balkans conflict.

The national movement of the white overalls has also
obtained free (or self-reduced) tickets for cinemas,
train fares, on public transport; it has occupied and re-
cycled unoccupied buildings (in Rome one of these
buildings has become the national headquarters of the
white overalls).

In the battle for a citizen's income and, in particular for
the right of free movement of people, we have obtained
dozens of "free" journeys, i.e. without payment or by
payment of a symbolic amount, on public transport, in
cities and throughout the country, as well as in other
parts of Europe.
the age of clandestinity

Since its beginnings we have supported the Zapatist
struggle, by raising and sending funds and spreading
information on the situation in Chiapas, as well as
organising work brigades to support the rebel

July - August 1996
Ist intercontinental meeting for humanity against
neoliberism - the brigade that will be responsible for
starting the Association takes part in setting up the
structures in Oventic, Aguascalientes II.

13 June 1997
First European day of protest against unemployment
and social exclusion
In Amsterdam two thousand companions succeed in
crossing Europe, by occupying two 'border-buster' trains
from Milan to the Dutch city, without tickets to
demonstrate against European borders and privileges,
adding to their slogans the demand for a universal
citizen's income.

August 1997
Participation in the IInd intercontinental meeting for
humanity against neoliberism

19 September 1997
Arrival in Italy of representatives of the EZLN for a
round of public meetings and counter-information.
Joint action is organised, with companions in Chiapas
participating in the fights of Italian companions, as  with
the work brigades in Chiapas, marching together
towards a global rebel movement.

December 1997 - January 1998
We organise and take part in the demonstrations in our
country denouncing the Acteal killings; these were the
biggest demonstrations in the world outside Mexican
territory: 10,000 people in Milan and 50,000 people in
Rome marched through the cities after having applauded
the occupation of the
Colosseum with the display of protest banners.

25 April 1998:
First demonstration in Milan of the white overalls
During the Liberation Day march the white overalls
make up a whole section of the march and occupy the
platform area reserved for the official speeches,
demanding a universal citizen's income.

1-10 May 1998
135 people take part  in the project "A bridge flies to
Chiapas", consisting of a delegation of human rights
observers, which was subsequently served with an
expulsion order.
In spite of the refusal of the federal government of
Mexico, we visited the community of Ricardo Flores
Magon and revealed the conditions in which it lives.  On
the basis of a referendum, the community had decided to
join the Zapatist movement and abandon the previous
government name of Taniperlas.
As a consequence, a military incursion surrounded and
threatened the Zapatist women, preventing them from
joining their menfolk who were fighting for daily
survival.  The government was clearly responsible for
this, with the support of para-military groups.
After the expulsion order is enforced by means of a
special plane and a police escort, dozens of companions
travel to Strasburg, where they make their way to the
headquarters of the European parliament and are then
forcibly removed for having protested against the initial
ratification of the free trade agreement between Mexico
and the European Union.

12 June 1998
In protest at the violation of human rights in Chiapas
and in Kurdistan, a group of white overalls occupies and
hangs banners from the most famous theatre in the
world - La Scala opera house in Milan  only a few
days after the occupation of the local Milan council

13-14 June 1998
Organisation of a European meeting of Zapatist
support committees in Milan.

25 June 1998
Action at the "Corriere della Sera" offices: with
bloodstains on their white overalls, the group chains
itself to the office entrance, in protest at the behaviour of
the most widely-read Italian newspaper, which has
ignored the massacre by the federal army of Mexico of 6
Indios in San Juan de le Libertad, an independent
Zapatist municipality,

September 1998
Participation and protest at the Istanbul trial of an
Italian activist, Dino Frisullo, accused and sentenced
simply for taking part in the 1998 "Nevroz" celebration
of the Kurdish new year.

24 October 1998 European day of action for Semira
A brigade of white overalls appears on the roof of the
"temporary detention centre", the prison camp under
construction in Via Corelli, to reveal its existence.
A march, organised by Ya Basta! and other social
centres and associations, crosses the city in memory of
Semira, to demand the closure of the Italian prison
Throughout Italy the centres are occupied by the white
overalls; in Trieste a group of 3,000 occupants is
violently attacked by the police.

6 November 1998 I The national day of the white
Leaflets are distributed and banners hung outside the
stock exchange, inside the local council chambers and at
the INPS (National Insurance Offices.).

November 1998
Abdullah Ocalan takes refuge in Italy.
Our companions in Rome support the presence of the
thousands of Kurds who gather in the city, demanding
together with them a stop to the genocide of their

15 November 1998
The Trieste prison camp is closed, following the
protest march of the previous month.

28-29 November 1998
Organisation of the Forum for Chiapas:  two days in
Venice to discuss decentralised co-operation and he
situation in Chiapas, with associations representing the
government and Italian municipalities.

12 December 1998 The ferry of universal citizenship:
300 people sail to Valona (Vlore) in Albania, to protest
against the abandoning of the Otranto channel to the
mafia groups that ferry clandestine emigrants across in
rubber dinghies at the risk of their lives,
and to protest against the sinking of the Albanian ship
"Kater I Rades" by the Italian corvette "Sibilla".
The caravan reveals the many "hidden truths", concealed
by history, by inertia, by indifference, by the sea  itself,
past and present state murders; this is why the date of
12th December is chosen - the date on
which the state organised an explosion which caused  16
casualties and 84 wounded, attributing it to the extreme
left wing, so that it would have a free hand in promoting
an authoritarian and repressive swing to the right.

20 December 1998
A brigade of white overalls closes off one of the key
roads in Milan's luxury shopping area, on the Sunday of
the Christmas shopping orgy, with the aim of showing
what the Via Corelli camp's iron cages are all about.

11 January 1999 On the day of its opening, a small
group of white overalls manages to fool the police once
again and climb onto the roof of the Via Corelli prison
camp, delaying its official opening for a few hours.

12 January 1999  During a television broadcast from
inside the prison camp, shown on one of the most
popular television channels in Italy, a companion
manages to get in behind the bars that imprison the 'sans
papiers' and, after a short chase, is caught by members
of the police force  and the Red
The incident is covered up and this part of the program
from Via Corelli is suspended.

23 January 1999
European day of action against the prison camps for
the 'sans papiers': a demonstration of 25,000 people, led
by a section of white overalls, with the presence of the
Nobel prize-winner, Dario Fo, demands the closure of
the prison camp, supporting the Leoncavallo Social
Centre, which gives
accommodation to a group of 'sans papiers'.  For the
sake of propaganda, the mayor of Milan orders a series
of evictions from disused buildings, the temporary
homes of these women and men, declaring an artificial
"state of emergency to stop crime".

20 February 1999
Demonstrations in Milan and in Rome against the arrest
of Abdullah Ocalan in Kenya three days before and
against his deportation to Turkey.
In Rome a group of activists attacks the headquarters of
the Turkish Airlines, forcing its way through police lines
which protect the entrance.
Six activists will be arrested on 3rd March in an
operation known as "Girasole" ("Sunflower"); the
Association and the Social Centres of the 'Carta di
Milano' defend the action taken against the airline and
the sunflower becomes one of the movement's symbols.

6 March 1999
Demonstration against the sale to Turkey of the arms
factory Rinaldo Piaggio in Genoa.

11 March 1999 The national day of the white overalls
Demos are organized in many districts of  Milan against
the fake co-operatives, to support the struggles against
unmotivated firings. "False tickets for true rights" are
distributed in the form of tickets which
activate the stamping machines on board the trams and
buses granting free access, the day of protest ends
outside the stock exchange.

13 March 1999
20,000 people demonstrate in Rome, in support of the
arrested "sunflowers".
The previous evening a suspicious-looking car was
exploded by the bomb disposal squad following an
anonymous telephone call.  The car was parked in the
square where the demonstration was to meet and
contained a bomb, connected to a battery by means of
electrical wires.

21 March 1999
On the occasion of Nevroz a group of companions,
attempting to reach Djarbaikir to celebrate the Kurdish
New Year with the Kurdish people, are stopped in
Bonds with the Kurdish community lead to the
organisation of a festival at the Leoncavallo Social
Centre, for the hundreds of Kurds resident in northern
Italy.  In support of  the "consulta" on the S. Andres
agreements, organised by the EZLN,  an office was also
set up and run in Milan at the
Leoncavallo centre.

23 March
The NATO attacks Yugoslavia and a new Balkans war

27 March 1999
Participation at the demonstration "For solidarity and
open borders in Europe", organised in Paris by a
network of collectives that concern themselves with the
situation of migrants.
3,000 people occupy trains that are to take them to
Paris: without documents as a sign of support for
freedom of movement  regardless of nationality; without
stay permits as a sign of support for freedom of
domicile; without travel documents as a sign of support
for a universal citizen's income regardless of
employment and in support of international relations that
do not produce illegal aliens' in times of inhuman peace
and refugees in times of humanitarian wars. Amongst
the ravellers is a group of migrants without documents
and of women and men we had met on our journey to
The independent engine-drivers' union, COMU,
guarantees the availability of trains as far as the French
border, as an exception to the strike declared for the
same day. The caravan is stopped at the station of
Ventimiglia following an order from the French Prime
Minister, who announces a total ban on any border
crossings without presentation of documents.  The
caravan decides to continue on foot, covering 14
kilometres to reach the border, where it is blocked for
several hours in the last tunnel before the
frontier by hundreds of riot police, French soldiers and
the Foreign Legion.  At dawn the group is obliged to
turn back.  For that night, the French government
restricts its interpretation of the Schengen treaty,
forbidding the frontier to be crossed even by citizens of
the European Union without proof of ID.

11 April 1999
Demonstration against the war, at the Aviano air-
base: 4,000 people gather outside the NATO air base
and a banner is hung on the gates.  In spite of a
completely unjustified tear-gas attack, the area is not
abandoned and retaliations are made by throwing stones
and forming a human chain around the outside of the

25 April 1999
Demonstration against the war and for freedom from
war, on the day of our liberation from Nazism and
Fascism.  3,000 people, led by a row of bloodstained
white overalls, as a sign of the civilian victims of the
war, extend their official route to include a police
headquarters, where an Italian flag is burned, and the
American Consulate, which becomes a target for fire-
crackers and paint.
The planned speech by a union leader, who had been
attacked for his support of the Italian intervention in the
Balkan war, is cancelled "for family reasons".

30 April-4 May
During the latest war in the Balkans, we have continued
to take action in the area, trying to put into practice
projects of people's diplomacy, contemplating a mass
caravan that would arrive in Pristina, passing through
Belgrade; when this project proved to be impossible, we
joined the caravan against war which travelled
through to Belgrade and Pancevo.

1 May 1999
During the Workers' Day march, the white overalls
distribute thousands of 'false tickets for true rights'.

June 1999
Arrival in Italy of Caravan '99.  400 white crosses are
placed in a park at the centre of Milan, as a memorial to
the children killed in the Balkans and as a symbol of the
civilian victims.

3 June
Demonstration outside the Milan stock exchange.
Although access to the square outside has been refused,
the march proceeds and occupies it, setting up a sit-in.

4 June 1999
Demonstration outside the FAO in Rome.

5 June 1999
A small march, consisting of 400 people, including
activists from Caravan '99, arrives outside the Via
Corelli detention centre to demand the closure of the
prison camps.

6 June 1999
A demonstration by 25,000 people outside the NATO
air base in Aviano, marches right round the outside of
the base and manages to stop take-off for the duration of
the march.  Caravan '99 departs from Italy the following

19 June 1999
Participation in the demonstrations in Cologne against
the G8 su

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